- Transport in South Africa
Approximately ten thousand people die on roads in South Africa yearly [cite web|year=
1999-09-28|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/africa/458965.stm|title=South Africa's deadly roads |publisher= BBC News Online|accessdate=2006-07-18] .
The national speed limit is 50 or 60 km/h in residential areas, 100 km/h on
motorways, and 120 km/h on national roads/freeways.
In 1996 the country had 358,596 km of highways, 59,753 km (17%) of which was paved (including 1,927 km of expressways).
In 2000, South Africa had 20,384 km of
rail transport, all of it narrow gauge. 20,070 km was 1.067 m gauge (9,090 km of that electrified), with the remaining 314 km 0.610 m gauge. The operation of the country's rail systems is accomplished by Transnetsubsidiaries Spoornet, Shosholoza Meyl, Metrorail, Transwerk, Protekonet al.
A feasibility study is to be conducted into the construction of a 720 km
standard gaugeline from Johannesburgto Durbanfor double-stack container trains [" International Railway Journal", 2005-01-03] .
Links exist to Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, Swaziland, and Zimbabwe. Railways linking Mozambique are under repair.
South Africa's major ports and harbours are
Cape Town, Durban, East London, Mossel Bay, Port Elizabeth, Richards Bay, and Saldanha Bay. In 2006 the new port is to open: Ngqura, at Coega, which is 20 km northeast of Port Elizabeth. The administration and operation of the country's port facilities is done by two subsidiaries of Transnet, the National Ports Authorityand South African Port Operations(SAPO).
In 2002, the
merchant marineconsisted of eight shipsof 1,000 GRT or over, totaling 271,650 GRT/DWT|268,604|metric|first=yes. Six were container ships, and two were petroleum tankers (including foreign-owned ships registered as a flag of convenience: Denmark: 3, Netherlands: 1) .
There are 931 km of crude oil
pipeline transport, 1,748 km for other petroleumproducts, and 322 km for natural gas. Petronet, a subsidiaryof Transnet, which in turn is majority owned by the government, is principally responsible for the operation of South Africa's pipelines.
A number of urban tramway systems used to operate in South Africa, but the last system (Johannesburg) closed in 1961, see
List of town tramway systems in Africa and Asia#South Africa.
* [http://www.africaspotter.at.tt Aviation, Airlines, Airports in South Africa]
* [http://www.transport.gov.za/ Department of Transport]
* [http://www.arrivealive.co.za/document/BusAccidentstatistics.pdf Road statistics 2001/2003: distance travelled and fatal crashes by vehicle type and province] (PDF)
* [http://www.transnet.co.za/ Transnet Site]
* [http://www.sa-venues.com/traveldistances.htm Travel Distances]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Rail transport in South Africa — is arguably the most important piece of the country s transportation infrastructure. All major cities are connected by rail, and South Africa s railway system is the most highly developed in Africa. [… … Wikipedia
SOUTH AFRICA — SOUTH AFRICA, republic comprising nine provinces – Western Cape, Eastern Cape, Northern Cape, North West, Gauteng, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, Free State, and KwaZulu Natal. Prior to 1994, when multiracial democracy was introduced, there were four… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
South Africa — Republic of, a country in S Africa; member of the Commonwealth of Nations until 1961. 42,327,458; 472,000 sq. mi. (1,222,480 sq. km). Capitals: Pretoria and Cape Town. Formerly, Union of South Africa. * * * South Africa Introduction South Africa… … Universalium
South Africa — This article is about the modern country. For other uses, see South Africa (disambiguation). Republic of South Africa … Wikipedia
South Africa under apartheid — Apartheid (meaning separateness in Afrikaans, cognate to English apart and ) was a system of legal racial segregation enforced by the National Party government of South Africa between 1948 and 1990. Apartheid had its roots in the history of… … Wikipedia
South Africa — <p></p> <p></p> Introduction ::South Africa <p></p> Background: <p></p> Dutch traders landed at the southern tip of modern day South Africa in 1652 and established a stopover point on the spice… … The World Factbook
Command Airways (South Africa) — This article discusses the South African helicopter airline, which should not be confused with the US regional airline, Command Airways Command Airways (South Africa) IATA CT … Wikipedia
Outline of South Africa — The Flag of South Africa … Wikipedia
Cabinet of South Africa — South Africa This article is part of the series: Politics and government of South Africa … Wikipedia
2005 in South Africa — See also: 2004 in South Africa, other events of 2005, 2005 in South African sport, 2006 in South Africa and the Timeline of South African history. EventsJanuary* 13 January Mark Thatcher pleads guilty to unwittingly bankrolling an alleged coup d… … Wikipedia