- Corrientes Avenue
Corrientes Avenue ("Avenida Corrientes" in Spanish) is one of the principal thoroughfares of the Argentine capital of
Buenos Aires. The street is intimately tied to the tango and the porteñosense of identity. Like the parallel avenues Santa Fe, Córdoba, and San Juan, it takes its name from one of the Provinces of Argentina.
It extends 69 blocks from Eduardo Madero Avenue in the eastern
Puerto Maderoneighborhood to the West and later to the Northwest, and ends at Federico Lacroze Avenue in the Chacaritaneighborhood. Automobile traffic runs from west to east. Línea B of the Buenos Aires Metroruns most of underneath the street.The "Asociación Amigos de la Calle Corrientes" ("Friends of Corrientes Street Association") is a group that collaborates on the urban planningof the street. They have placed commemorative plaques on 40 street corners bearing the distinguished figures from the history of the tango.
It was named del Sol during the 17th century, San Nicolás from 1738 to 1808, and de Incháurregui from 1808 until 1822, when it received its current name. Never more than a street of average width during the nineteenth century, traffic swelled after the city began its rapid westward expansion, around 1880. Horse-drawn tramways first ran on the avenue in 1887; but, they soon proved inadequate and in 1910, Mayor Joaquin de Anchorena signed a bill authorizing its widening.
The plan called for the massive razing of most of the avenue's north-side real estate and, so, met with strenous opposition from affected landlords, retailers, as well as intellectuals like
Roberto Arlt. A coup d'ètat in 1930, however, made way for the plan's implementation, carried out relentlessly until its completion, in 1936. The newly inaugurated avenue coincided with the construction of the Buenos Aires Obelisk, since then one of the city's most recognizable landmarks. Today, when referring to Corrientes prior to the widening, the term "Narrow Corrientes" (Corrientes Angosta) is used.
Points of interest
Base to obelisk
*Luna Park, former
boxingring, currently used for other sports
*The back of the Central Post Office
*The downtown microcentro banking district
* Florida pedestrian street
*Many of the country's most important theater companies.
*Numerous traditional and historical restaurants, including
Argentine cuisine, Spanish cuisineand Italian cuisine.
Obelisk of Buenos Aires, at the intersection with 9 de Julio Avenue.
"The street that never sleeps"
*"Los Inmortales" pizzeria, previously the "Café de los inmortales", ("Café of the immortals") with photos of the historic figures that visited it.
*"Café La Paz", historic meeting place for leftist activists
*"La Giralda Cafeteria", serving Spanish-style
hot chocolateand churros
*General San Martín Theater
*"La Plaza" complex, a private enterprise with theaters and restaurants
*"Hernández", "Liberarte", and many other
"Off-Corrientes" refers to the alternative playhouse area. It is also home to the
Ricardo Rojas Centerof the University of Buenos Aires, which is promotes experimental art (but is itself located on Corrientes).
Balvanerabarrio (also known as "Once") is a traditionally Jewish neighborhood known for the wholesaleand retail sale of clothing, now also home to merchants of other nationalities, including Koreans and Peruvians.
Beyond Pueyrredón Avenue is the hometown of
Carlos Gardel, the tango singer known as the "morocho" ("dark-haired man") of Abasto". In disrepair not many years ago, the neighborhood is slowly making a comeback. The neighborhood's name is derived from the Mercado de Abasto, a former fruit and vegetable market that is today the city's largest shopping center.
Almagro is a calm residential neighborhood inhabited by apartment-dwellers. The center of activity is at the intersection of Medrano and Rivadavia Avenues.
Villa Crespois another traditionally Jewish neighborhood. Unleavened bread is available for passover, as are other seasonal specialties. It is in this area (formerly called "Triumvirate") that the greater part of the 1948 Leopoldo Marechalnovel " Adán Buenosayres" takes place. The neighbourhood is also home to the Atlanta football club.
The "barrio" was home to tango great
La Quinta del Ñato
Corrientes ends at the train station next to the Cemetery of La Chacarita, and then runs alongside the Parque Los Andes, where pleasure fairs where held until September 2005.
("La Quinta del Ñato" is a
lunfardoway of referring to a person's last dwelling. )
Corrientes in tango music
Corrientes Avenue is featured in several tango lyrics, notably:
*"A media luz" by Carlos Lenzi and Edgardo Donatto
*"Calle Corrientes" by
Alberto Vaccarezzaand Enrique Delfino
*"Corrientes angosta" by Ángel "Pocho" Gatti
*"Corrientes y Esmeralda" by
Celedonio Floresand F. Pracanico
*"Tristezas de la calle Corrientes" by
Homero Espositoand Domingo Federico, 1942
*"Pucherito de gallina"
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