Hotel Petersberg


Hotel Petersberg

Hotel Petersberg has become the Guest House of the Federal Republic of Germany, termed the "Bundesgästehaus" (the official title being "Gästehaus der Verfassungsorgane der Bundesrepublik Deutschland"). It is located on the Petersberg, a prominent mountain of the Siebengebirge near Bonn, Germany. With a height of 331 meters, it looks over the towns of Königswinter, on the right bank of the Rhine river, and Bonn on the opposite side.

The Petersberg

There is evidence that humans were already living on the Petersberg in 3500 BC. A ring wall constructed about 1000 BC has been excavated.

In 1189, by order of the Archbishop of Cologne Philipp von Heinsberg, Cistercian monks from the abbey of Himmerod took over an abandoned hermitage built by Augustinians. In 1202 the new monastery of Heisterbach was constructed in the Peterstal, the valley below the Petersberg.

The mountain was first known as "Stromberg" (as documented in 1142) and received its current name after a chapel dedicated to Saint Peter was erected on its peak in 1764. In 1834 the area was sold to the merchant Joseph Ludwig Mertens. His wife Sibylle Mertens-Schaafhausen built a summer residence on the Petersberg, and became known as the "Rheingräfin" ("countess of the Rhine").

Hotel Petersberg

At the end of the 19th century the Nelles brothers from Cologne had bought the area and started to add buildings. In 1892 they opened up the eponymous hotel that could easily be reached via the newly built "Petersbergbahn", a rack railway that continued in intermittent operation until 1958. In 1912 Ferdinand Mülhens' rack and pinion railway, owner of the 4711 company, bought the property. Under the direction of the architect Heinrich Müller-Erkelenz the hotel was converted during the next two years into a spa. Terraces to overlook the Rhine and a new access route were built in the 1930s.

eat of Allied High Commission

After World War II the Hotel Petersberg became the seat of the Allied High Commission for Germany. The Occupation Statute was issued here on September 21 1949. Several weeks later, November 22 1949, the Petersberg Agreement was signed between Chancellor Adenauer and the Western Allies. The Allied High Commission resided on the Petersberg until 1955, when West Germany gained its sovereignty.

The Federal Guest House

to develop a representative guest house for its visitors. A five-year reconstruction was completed in 1990 following the plans of Horst Linde. Most heads of states that visited the Federal Republic, while Bonn was its capital, have stayed on the Petersberg. A helicopter pad provides easy access. The fact that the mountain has only one access road facilitates security matters.

After the German government moved to Berlin, the Petersberg continued in use as an official guest and conference house and has been dubbed the "German Camp David." In December 2001 the Petersberg was the place of the first Bonn Agreement. Also its follow-up conference took place here on December 2 2002.

The Hotel is open to the public and managed by the Steigenberger Hotel Group. Michael Schumacher married his wife Corinna on the Petersberg in 1995.

List of conferences on the Petersberg

*1949: Petersberg Agreement
*1992: Petersberg Tasks, meetings concerning the European Security and Defence Policy
*1992: Western European Union Council of Ministers: the "Petersberg Declaration" [http://www.weu.int/documents/920619peten.pdf]
*1999: EU summit meeting
*1999, May 6: Conference about the crisis in Kosovo
*2000: 15th EU conference of foreign ministers
*2001, December: "The Agreement on Provisional Arrangements in Afghanistan Pending the Re-Establishment of Permanent Government Institutions" was signed by representatives of anti-Taliban forces and several other Afghan political parties and groups (the so-called Bonn Agreement)
*2002, December: Follow-up conference to the Bonn Agreement
*2005, November 5: "Partnership with Africa" conference

Distinguished guests on the Petersberg

* 1938: Neville Chamberlain, British Premier, during the Sudetenland crisis. He was the first official foreign dignitary on the Petersberg
* 1954: Haile Selassie I, Emperor of Ethiopia
* 1955: Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, (Shah of Persia, with his wife Soraya)
* 1960: King Rama IX of Thailand
* 1965: Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom
* 1967: Mohammad Reza Pahlavi with his wife Farah Diba
* 1973: Leonid Brezhnev, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (following his special wish, the Hotel was reopened for several days for his visit. During this time he wrecked a Mercedes-Benz, the Federal Republic's gift to him, on his first drive down the mountain)

;After the German reunification in 1990
* 1990: Nicephore Soglo (Premier of Benin)
* 1990: Mikhail Gorbachev, with his wife Raisa
* 1990: Nelson Mandela
* 1991: Boris Yeltsin
* 1992: Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom
* 1993: Yasser Arafat
* 1993: Emperor Akihito of Japan
* 1994: U.S. president Bill Clinton and his wife Hillary
* 1994: Queen Margrethe II of Denmark
* 1998: King Hussein of Jordan
* 2004: Mohamed Hosni Mubarak, President of Egypt

References

*Largely based on [http://de.wikipedia.org/Petersberg_bei_Bonn German Wikipedia article] accessed on December 12, 2005.

External links

* [http://www.siebengebirge.de/sg/pages/touren_petersberg.php Information about the Petersberg] (German)
* [http://www.gaestehaus-petersberg.de/eng/index.htm Bundesgästehaus Petersberg] (English)
* [http://www.grandhotel-petersberg.steigenberger.de/aw/Hotels/Steigenberger_Grandhotel_Petersberg/~bogg/Englisch/ Information by Steigenberger Hotel Group]
* [http://www.siebengebirge.de/gesch20.htm History of the Petersberg] (German)


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hotel Petersberg — Hôtel Petersberg Pour les articles homonymes, voir Petersberg. L hôtel Petersberg …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hôtel Petersberg — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Petersberg. L hôtel Petersberg …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Petersberg — may refer to:*The Hotel Petersberg near Bonn, the site of the **Petersberg Agreement, 1949, regarding the international status of West Germany. **Petersberg tasks, 1992 1997, regarding European security cooperation. Also known as Petersburg… …   Wikipedia

  • Petersberg tasks — The Petersberg tasks are a list of military and security priorities incorporated within the European Security and Defence Policy of the European Union. The Petersberg tasks are the military tasks of a humanitarian, peacekeeping and peacemaking… …   Wikipedia

  • Petersberg — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Petersberg peut faire référence à : L hôtel Petersberg sur le mont éponyme, près de Bonn en Allemagne, site de plusieurs conférences et accords… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Petersberg — Stromberg (veraltet) * * * Petersberg,   1) Gemeinde im Landkreis Fulda, Hessen, 350 m über dem Meeresspiegel, nordöstlich an Fulda anschließend, 14 000 Einwohner; Haunetalsperre.   Geschichte:   Auf der 400 m hohen gleichnamigen Basaltkuppe… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Petersberg (Siebengebirge) — Petersberg Höhe 331,1  …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hotel Traminerhof — (Termeno,Италия) Категория отеля: 4 звездочный отель Адрес: Strada Del Vino 43, 3904 …   Каталог отелей

  • Hotel Weinegg — (Аппиано Сулла Страда дель Вино,Италия) Категория отеля: 5 звездочный отель Адрес: Via …   Каталог отелей

  • Petersberg (Bonn) — w1 Petersberg Höhe 331,1 m ü. NN Lage …   Deutsch Wikipedia