- Second War against Napoleon
The Second War against Napoleon was the second involvement by
Swedenin the Napoleonic Wars.
January 9 1812, French troops occupied Swedish Pomeraniato end the illegal trade with Englandfrom Sweden. The Swedish administration was replaced by a French one, the Swedish estates were confiscated and Swedish officers and soldiers were taken as prisoners of warin Wolgastand Stralsund. In response, Swedendeclared neutrality in the British-French war and signed a secrete Treaty of Petersburg with Russiaagainst Franceand Denmarkon April 5 1812. On July 18 1812, the peace treaty of Orebroended the war between the United Kingdomon one side and Russiaand Swedenform the other. On March 3 1813, the Swedish-British treaty of alliance was signed. Great Britainagreed to Sweden's demands on Norway. Sweden declared War against France, thereby joining the Sixth Coalition, and against Denmarkon March 24, 1813. In April, Prussiagave its support for Sweden's territorial demands in Norway.
May 18 1813, Swedish army under Crown Prince Charles John (former Marshal Bernadotte) landed into Pomeraniato take a part in the war against Napoleon. Charles John was given command of the Northern Army of the Coalition. He had victories over French troops at Grossbeeren( August 23) and Dennewitz( September 6) and took part in a bloody battle of Leipzig( October 16) effectively avoiding too much causalities among the Swedes.
1813, the Swedish army attacked Danish troops in Holstein. General Skjuldebrand defeated the Danes at Bornhoevedon December 7 1813. Three days later the Danish Auxiliary Corpshad a victory over the Swedes at Sehestednear Rendsborg, however, that could not change the course of war. On January 14 1814, Treaty of Kielwas concluded between Swedenand Denmark. Denmark ceded Norwayto Charles John, who invaded the country on May 29 1814, the Norwegians established their own constitution and fought the Swedish forces until the Swedes accepted Norway becoming a union partner in the negotiations Convention of Mossjoining the two countries.
The fiat Treaty of Paris signed by the Allies and France ended the
War of the Seventh Coalitionand Sweden’s second war against Napoleon on May 30, 1814.
Upon acceding to the coalition the
United Kingdomceded the island of Guadeloupeto Sweden, which by the Treaty of Paris was replaced by a financial settlement that gave rise to the Guadeloupe Fund.
First War against Napoleon
List of Swedish wars
Union between Sweden and Norway
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