Communications in Singapore


Communications in Singapore

The telecommunication infrastructure of Singapore spans the entire city-state. Its development level is high, with close accessibility to the infrastructure from nearly all inhabited parts of the island and for all of the population, with exceptions. As of 1998, there were almost 55 million phone lines in Singapore, close to 47 million of which also served other telecommunication devices like computers and facsimile machines. Underwater telephone cables have been laid that lead to Malaysia, the Philippines and Indonesia.

As of November 2004, there are three cellular phone operators in Singapore serving almost four million cellular phones. As for internet facilities, as of 1999, there were eight internet service providers (ISPs) in Singapore. By November 2004, there were almost 500,000 broadband customers in Singapore. Howevever, due to the small market and possible market collusion, there have been rising concerns that various ISPs' telecommunication infrastructures being highly under-utilised.

Radio and television stations are all government-owned entities. All seven television channels are owned by MediaCorp; its only other competitor, SPH Mediaworks closed its television channel on January 1, 2005. Due to the proximity of Singapore to Malaysia and Indonesia, almost all radios and television sets in Singapore can pick up broadcast signals from both countries. Private ownership of satellite dishes is banned, but most households have access to the StarHub cable TV network. As of 1997, there were 1.3 million televisions in Singapore.

All radio stations are operated either by MediaCorp, the Singapore Armed Forces Reservist Association (SAFRA) or UnionWorks. As of 1997, there were 2.5 million radios in Singapore.

The print media is dominated by Singapore Press Holdings which publishes "The Straits Times". Daily newspapers are published in English, Chinese, Malay, and Tamil.

Telephones

Telephones - fixed line:
*Total Fixed Line Subscriptions: 1,861,700 (February 2008)
*Fixed Line Household Penetration: 95.4%

Telephones - mobile market:
*Total Mobile Subscriptions (2G+3G): 5,825,500 (February 2008)
*Mobile Penetration: 127.0%
* Operators: 3 (2008)
** SingTel Mobile
** MobileOne
** StarHub Mobile

Telephone system:good domestic facilities; good international service
"domestic:"NA
"international:"submarine cables to Malaysia (Sabah and Peninsular Malaysia), Indonesia, and the Philippines; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Indian Ocean and 1 Pacific Ocean), and 1 Inmarsat (Pacific Ocean region)

IDD Country Code: +65

Radio

Radio broadcast stations "(as of March 2006)":AM 0, FM 19, shortwave 5 ("Source: [http://www.asiawaves.net/snglocs.htm Asiawaves.Net] ")

Radios:2.55 million (1997)

Television

Television broadcast stations "(as of March 2006)":
*7 free-to-air(6 analogue, 1 high-definition, 3 digital simulcast) + 1 digital channel (TV Mobile) (Source: [http://www.asiawaves.net/singapore-tv.htm Asiawaves.Net] )

Operator:
* MediaCorp

Televisions:1.33 million (1997)

Internet

Singapore has a large number of computer users and most households have computers and Internet access. A survey conducted by Infocomm Development Authority of Singapore indicated that 78% of households own computers at home and 7 in 10 households have Internet access (2006). [ [http://www.ida.gov.sg/Publications/20070823161317.aspx Annual Survey on Infocomm Usage in Households and by Individuals for 2006] , published 3 March 2007 ] The CIA The World Factbook reports that Singapore has 2.422 millions Internet users (2005) and 898,762 Internet hosts (2006). [ [https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sn.html The World Factbook, Singapore] , URL accessed on 2 September 2007. ]

Internet Service Providers (ISPs):8 (1999)

Broadband
* Subscribers: 3,996,600 (76.5% wireless, 12.9% xDSL, 10.4% cable modem, 0.2% others) as of June 2008 [cite web | publisher = Infocomm Development Authority of Singapore | title = Statistics on Telecom Services for 2008 (Jan - Jun) | url = http://www.ida.gov.sg/Publications/20080212114723.aspx]
* Typical pricing (residential consumers only):
** Cable: Unlimited traffic, 100 Mbit/s down, 2 Mbit/s up: SGD 124.12 per month (Source: [http://www.starhub.com/online/maxonline/ StarHub] )
** ADSL: Unlimited traffic, 10 Mbit/s down, 1 Mbit/s up: SGD 69.29 per month (Source: [http://www.singnet.com/plans_and_services/broadband/snbb.asp?snbb=10Matl SingNet] )

Country code (Top level domain): SG

Broadband Internet access

Singapore as a small densely populated island nation is the pioneer, and continues to be one of the few countries in the World in which broadband internet access is readily available to just about any would-be user anywhere in the country, with connectivity over 99%. In a government-led initiative to connect the island in a high-speed broadband network using various mediums such as fibre, DSL and cable, the Singapore ONE project was formally announced in June 1996, and commercially launched in June 1998. By December 1998, Singapore ONE is available nationwide with the completion of the national fibre optics network.

In 1997, commercial trials for Singapore Telecommunications' (SingTel) ADSL-based "SingTel Magix" service were undertaken in March, before being launched in June. Also in June, Singapore Cable Vision commenced trails for its cable modem based services, before being commercially deployed in December 1999. Singtel's ADSL service was subsequently rolled out on a nation-wide scale in August 2000.

In January 2001, the Broadband Media Association was formed to promote the broadband industry. By April the same year there were 6 broadband internet providers, with the total number of broadband users exceeding 300,000. Pacific Internet introduced wireless broadband services in October 2001.

In 2007, Infocomm Development Authority(IDA) of Singapore introduced a programme named "Wireless@SG". It is part of its Next Generation National Infocomm Infrastructure initiative. Users can enjoy free, both in-door and outdoor seamless wireless broadband access with speeds of up to 512 kbit/s at with high human traffic. As at June 2007, there are more than 460,000 subscribers and 4,200 hotspots under the Wireless@SG programme. In the same year, MobileOne introduced its broadband services.

ADSL providers in Singapore include:
* SingNet (*Plans: 1 Mbit/s, 3 Mbit/s, 8 Mbit/s, 10 Mbit/s)
* Pacnet (*Plans: 512 kbit/s)

Cable broadband providers:
* StarHub (*Plans: 2 Mbit/s, 8Mbits/s, 12 Mbit/s, 100 Mbit/s)
* Pacnet (*Plans: 8 Mbit/s, 12 Mbit/s, 30 Mbit/s)
* MobileOne (*Plans: 10 Mbit/s, 15 Mbit/s, 30 Mbit/s, 100 Mbit/s)

Wireless (mobile) broadband providers:
* MobileOne (*Plans: 1 Mbit/s, 2 Mbit/s, 3.6 Mbit/s)
* StarHub (*Plans: 2Mbit/s, 7.2Mbit/s)
* Pacnet (*Plans: 512 kbit/s)
* SingTel (Plans: 1 Mbit/s, 2 Mbit/s, 3.6 Mbit/s)

(*Plans refer "unlimited" residential broadband access plans)

Wireless@SG operators (Up to 512 kbit/s):
* iCell
* QMax
* SingTel
* StarHub

References

* http://internetinasia.typepad.com/blog/2006/03/singapore_plans.html

Others

# Terry Johal, " [http://coombs.anu.edu.au/ASAA/conference/proceedings/Johal-T-ASAA2004.pdf Controlling the Internet: The use of legislation and its effectiveness in Singapore (pdf file)] ", "Proceedings, 15th Biennial Conference of the Asian Studies Association of Australia", Canberra, 2004.

External links

* [http://www.mica.gov.sg Ministry Of Information, Communications And The Arts] , Singapore
* [http://www.mda.gov.sg Media Development Authority (MDA)] , Singapore
* [http://www.ida.gov.sg Infocomm Development Authority (IDA)] , Singapore
* [http://www.ida.gov.sg/Publications/20061130175201.aspx IDA, Singapore Infocomm Statistics at a Glance] , Singapore
* [http://wireless.singaporeinfocomm.sg Wireless@SG] , Singapore
* [http://www.pressreference.com/Sa-Sw/Singapore.html Press in Singapore]
* [http://singapore.global-travel.mobi/singaporeJ2ME.html Singapore Wireless Guide]


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