Custodial symmetry

Custodial symmetry

In particle physics with one or more electroweak Higgs doublets in the Higgs sector, the effective action term \left|H^\dagger D_\mu H\right|^2/\Lambda^2 which generically arises whenever we have new physics beyond the Standard Model at the scale Λ contributes to the Peskin-Takeuchi T parameter. However, current precision electroweak measurements restrict Λ to more than a few TeV. This will not be a problem if we have no new physics right up to at least that scale. However, attempts to solve the gauge hierarchy problem generically require the addition of new particles below that scale. The preferred way of preventing the nasty \left|H^\dagger D_\mu H\right|^2/\Lambda^2 term from being generated is to introduce an approximate symmetry which acts upon the Higgs sector. In addition to the gauged SU(2)W which acts exactly upon the Higgs doublets, we will also introduce another approximate global SU(2)R symmetry which also acts upon the Higgs doublet. The Higgs doublet is now a real representation (2,2) of SU(2)L × SU(2)R with four real components. Here, we have relabeled W as L following the standard convention. Such a symmetry will not forbid Higgs kinetic terms like D^\mu H^\dagger D_\mu H or tachyonic mass terms like H^\dagger H or self-coupling terms like \left(H^\dagger H\right)^2 (fortunately!) but will outlaw \left|H^\dagger D_\mu H\right|^2/\Lambda^2. On the other hand, such an SU(2)R symmetry can never be exact and unbroken because otherwise, the up-type and the down-type Yukawa couplings will be exactly identical. Besides, SU(2)R does not map the hypercharge symmetry U(1)Y to itself but this is not too much of a problem because the hypercharge gauge coupling strength is small and in the limit as it goes to zero, we won't have a problem. In the parlance of model building, we say that U(1)Y is weakly gauged and this explicitly breaks SU(2)R. After the Higgs doublet acquires a nonzero vacuum expectation value, the (approximate) SU(2)L × SU(2)R symmetry is spontaneously broken to the (approximate) diagonal subgroup SU(2)V. This approximate symmetry is called the custodial symmetry.

See also


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Standard Model — The Standard Model of particle physics is a theory that describes three of the four known fundamental interactions together with the elementary particles that take part in these interactions. These particles make up all matter in the universe… …   Wikipedia

  • Peskin-Takeuchi parameter — In particle physics, the Peskin Takeuchi parameters are a set of three measurable quantities, called S , T , and U , that parameterize potential new physics contributions to electroweak radiative corrections. They are named after physicists… …   Wikipedia

  • Baroque chess — is a chess variant invented in 1962 by Robert Abbott. In 1963, at the suggestion of his publisher, he changed the name to Ultima, by which name it is also known. Abbott considers his invention flawed, and he has suggested amendments to the rules …   Wikipedia

  • Tafl games — Infobox Game subject name = Tafl image link = image caption = A reconstructed Hnefatafl board. players = 2 setup time = < 1 minute playing time = Typically 5–20 minutes random chance = None skills = Strategy, ObservationTafl games were a family… …   Wikipedia

  • Apollo — This article is about the Greek and Roman god. For other uses, see Apollo (disambiguation) and Phoebus (disambiguation). Not to be confused with Phobos (mythology). Apollo …   Wikipedia


Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»