List of Patriarchs of Babylon


List of Patriarchs of Babylon

The Patriarch of Assyria, also called the Assyrian Patriarch, is the leader and head bishop of the Assyrian Church of the East, formerly based in Mosul, Iraq, and now in exile in Chicago.

Catholicoi of Seleucie-Ctesiphon and Patriarchs of the East

* 1 Mar Thoma Shilkha, (Saint Thomas) (c. 33-c. 77)
** Mar Tulmay (St. Bartholomew the Apostle) (c. 33)
** Mar Addai, (St. Thaddeus of Edessa)
* 2 Mar Agai (c. 66-c. 87)
* 3 Mar Mari (c. 87-c. 120)
* 4 Mar Abris (c. 121-c. 137)
** "SOLATUBNAIA" (c. 137-c. 159)
* 5 Mar Abraham I (c. 159-c. 171)
* 6 Mar Yacob I (c. 172-c. 190)
* 7 Mar Ahha c. 190-c. 220
* 8 Mar Shahioupa (c. 220-c. 240)
** "vacant" (c. 240-c. 317)
* 9 Mar Papa bar Gaggai (c. 317-c. 329)
* 10 Mar Shimun Bar Sabba'e (c. 329-c. 341)
* 11 Mar Shalidoste (c. 341-c. 345)
* 12 Mar Bar Bashmin (c. 345-c. 350)
** "vacant" (c. 350-c. 363)
* 13 Mar Toumarsa (c. 363-c. 371)
* 14 Mar Qaioma (c. 371-399)
* 15 Mar Issac (399-c.410)
* 16 Mar Ahha (c.410-415)
* 17 Mar Yab-Alaha I (415-420)
* 18 Mar Maana (420)
* 19 Mar Frabokht (420-421)
* 20 Mar Dadisho I (421-456)

"The decrees of the Council of Ephesus in 431 is not accepted by the Church of the East, causing a schism between it and the Pentarchy."

* 21 Mar Babwahi (457-484)
* 22 Mar Aqaq-Acace (484-496)
* 23 Mar Babai I (497-503)
* 24 Mar Shila (503-c.520)
* 25 Mar Narsai Elisha (c.520-c.535)
* 26 Mar Paul I (c.535-c.540)
* 27 Mar Aba I (c.540-552)
* 28 Mar Joseph I (552-566)
* 29 Mar Ezekiel (566-581)
* 30 Mar Isho-Yab I (581-596)
* 31 Mar Sabrisho I (596-604)
* 32 Mar Gregorius I (604-607)
** "vacant" (607-628)
*** Mar Babai the Great (coadjutor) 609-628; together with...
*** Mar Aba (coadjutor) 609-628
* 33 Mar Isho-Yab II (628-644)
* 34 Mar Emme (644-647)
** "vacant" (647-649)
* 35 Mar Isho-Yab III (649-660)
* 36 Mar Guiwarguis I (661-680)
* 37 Mar Yohannan I Bar Marta (680-682)
** "vacant" (682-685)
* 38 Mar Hnan-Isho I (685-700)
** "vacant" (700-714)
* 39 Mar Sliwa Zkha (714-728)
** "vacant" (728-731)
* 40 Mar Pethion (731-740)
* 41 Mar Aba (741-751)
* 42 Mar Sorine (752)
** "vacant" (752-754)
* 43 Mar Yacob II (754-773)
* 44 Mar Hnan-Isho II (774-780)
* 45 Mar Timothee I (780-c.825)
* 46 Mar Isho Ben Noun (c.825-828)
* 47 Mar Guiwarguis II (828-832)
* 48 Mar Sabrisho II (832-836)
* 49 Mar Abraham II (837-850)
** "vacant" (850-853)

"(With Mar Theodossious, the Patriachate transferred to Baghdad.)"

* 50 Mar Theodossious I (853-858)
** "vacant" (853-860)
* 51 Mar Sarguis I (860-872)
** "vacant" (872-877)
* 52 Mar Israel (877)
* 53 Mar Anoshel (877-884)
* 54 Mar Yohannan II Bar Narsai (884-892)
* 55 Mar Yohannan III (893-899)
* 56 Mar Yohannan IV Bar Abgare (900-905)
* 57 Mar Abraham III (905-937)
* 58 Mar Emmanuel I (937-960)
* 59 Mar Israel Karkhaya (961-962)
* 60 Mar Abdisho I (963-986)
* 61 Mar Bar Tobia (987-1000)
* 62 Mar Yohannan V (1000-1012)
* 63 Mar Yohannan VI Bar Nazuk (1012-1020)
* 64 Mar Isho-Yab IV Bar Ezechiel (1020-1025)
** "vacant" (1025-1028)
* 65 Mar Eliyya I (1028-1049)
* 66 Mar Yohannan VII Bar Targala (1049-1057)
* 67 Mar Sabrisho III (1057-1071)
* 68 Mar Abdisho II bar Ars Autraya (1071-1091)
* 69 Mar Makkikha I Bar Shlemon (1092-1110)
* 70 Mar Eliyya II Bar Maqli (1110-1132)
* 71 Mar Bar Sauma I (1133-1136)
** "vacant" (1136-1139)
* 72 Mar Abdisho III Bar Moqli (1139-1148)
* 73 Mar Isho-Yab V (1148-1176)
* 74 Mar Elie III (1176-1190)
* 75 Mar Yab-Alaha II Bar Qaiyuma (1190-1222)
* 76 Mar Sabrisho IV Bar Qaioma (1222-1226)
* 77 Mar Sabrisho V Bar Almassihi (1226-1256)
* 78 Mar Makkikha II (1257-1265)
* 79 Mar Denha I (1265-1282)

"(With Mar Yab-Alaha, the Patriachate transferred to Tabriz.)"

* 80 Mar Yaballaha III Bar Turkaye (1283-1317)
* 81 Mar Timothee II (1318-1332)
* 82 Mar Denha II (1332-1364)

"(With Mar Shimun II, the Patriachate transferred to Mosul.)"

* 83 Mar Shimun II (1365-1392)
** "vacant" (1392-1403)
* 84 Mar Shimun III (1403-1407)
** "vacant" (1407-1437)
* 85 Mar Eliyya IV (1437)
* 86 Mar Shimun IV (1437-1497)
* 87 Mar Shimun V (1497-1501)
** "vacant" (15014-1503)
* 88 Mar Shimun VI (1503-1538)

"(With Mar Shimun VII, the Patriachate transferred to Alqosh.)"

* 89 Mar Shimun VII (1538-1551)

"In 1552 a rival Catholic Patriarch was elected, see Catholic Chaldean Patriarchs of Babylon."

* 90 Mar Shimun VIII (1552-1558)
* 91 Mar Shimun IX (1558)
* 92 Mar Eliyya VI (1558-1576)
* 93 Mar Eliyya VII (1576-1591)
* 94 Mar Eliyya VIII (1591-1617)

"In 1610 Mar Eliyya VIII, entered communion with the Catholic Church. This created a situation in which there are two rival claimants approved by Rome, in one see. He died however in 1617 and his successor quickly repudiated the union."

* 95 Mar Eliyya IX (1617-1660)

"From Patriarchs Eliyya X to Eliyya XIII, attempts where made to resolve the schism and enter communion with the Roman Catholic Church."

* 96 Mar Eliyya X Yohannan Marogin (1660-1700)
* 97 Mar Eliyya XI Marogin (1700-1722)
* 98 Mar Elyya XII Denha (1722-1778)
* 99 Mar Eliyya XIII Isho-Yab (1778-1804)

"In 1804 the Assyrian Church in Alqosh under the personage of Youhanan VIII Hormez (Patriarch 1830-1838) decided to accept the authority of the Chaldean Catholic Church."

"In 1681 Mar Shimun XIII Denkha (based in Qochanis) broke communion with Rome and a rival Chaldean Patriarch was appointed by the Vatican."

* 97 Mar Shimun XIII Dinkha (1662) 1681-1700

"(With Mar Shimun XIII Dinkha, the Patriachate transferred to Mosul.)"

* 97 Mar Shimun XIV Shlemon (1700-1740)
* 98 Mar Shimun XV Maqdassi Mikhail (1740-1780)
* 99 Mar Shimun XVI Yohanan (1780-1820)
* 100 Mar Shimun XVII Abraham (1820-1860)
* 101 Mar Shimun XVIII Rouel (1860-1903)
* 102 Mar Shimun XXI Benyamin (1903-1918)
* 103 Mar Shimun XXII Paulos (1918-1920)
** "Locum Tenens"
*** Mar Yosip Khnanisho (coadjutor) (1918-1920)
*** Mar Abimaleck Timotheus (coadjutor) (1920)

"(With Mar Shimun XXIII (XXI) Eshai, the Patriachate was in exile in Chicago, Illinois, USA.)"

* 104 Mar Shimun XXIII Eshai (1920-1975) (assassinated)

"A schism in the church in 1964 caused an election of a rival patriarch in Baghdad in 1968."

* 105 Mar Dinkha IV Khanania (1976-Present)

See also

*Patriarchs
*Assyrian Church of the East
*Holy Synod of the Assyrian Church of the East

References

* [http://www.nestorian.org/nestorian_patriarchs.html Nestorian Patriarchs]
* [http://bethmardutho.cua.edu/hugoye/Vol2No2/HV2N2Murre.html The Patriarchs of the Church of the East from the Fifteenth to Eighteenth Centuries]


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