Fourth World Conference on Women

Fourth World Conference on Women

The United Nations convened the Fourth World Conference on Women on September 4-15, 1995 in Beijing, China. Delegates had prepared a Platform for Action that aimed at achieving greater equality and opportunity for women. The three previous World Conferences were in Mexico City (International Women's Year, 1975), Copenhagen (1980) and Nairobi (1985).

The official name of the Conference was "The Fourth World Conference on Women: Action for Equality, Development and Peace". The Conference was participated in by 189 Governments and more than 5,000 representatives from 2,100 non-governmental organizations.

The principal themes were the advancement and empowerment of women in relation to women’s human rights, women and poverty, women and decision-making, the girl-child, violence against women and other areas of concern. The resulting documents of the Conference are The Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action.

The overriding message of the Fourth World Conference on Women was that the issues addressed in the Platform for Action are global and universal. Deeply entrenched attitudes and practices perpetuate inequality and discrimination against women, in public and private life, in all parts of the world. Accordingly, implementation requires changes in values, attitudes, practices and priorities at all levels. The Conference signaled a clear commitment to international norms and standards of equality between men and women; that measures to protect and promote the human rights of women and girl-children as an integral part of universal human rights must underlie all action; and that institutions at all levels must be reoriented to expedite implementation. Governments and the UN agreed to promote the "gender mainstreaming" in policies and programmes.

The Beijing Platform for Action

This outcome of the Beijing Conference is an agenda for women's empowerment. It aims at accelerating the implementation of the Nairobi Forward-Looking Strategies for the Advancement of Women. It deals with removing the obstacles to women's public participation in all spheres of public and private lives through a full and equal share in economic, social, cultural and political decision-making.

The "Platform for Action" sets out a number of actions that should lead to fundamental changes by the year 2000 - the Five Year Review of the Beijing Conference at a Special Session of the UN General Assembly (Beijing +5).

Implementing the Beijing Platform for Action is mainly a responsibility of governments, but also of institutions in the public, private and non-governmental sectors at the community, national, subregional, regional and international levels. The Platform acknowledges that significant progress will depend on building strategic partnerships and involving all stakeholders in the efforts towards change.

The Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action were adopted by consensus on 15 September 1995. The Declaration embodies the commitment of the international community to the advancement of women and to the implementation of the Platform for Action, ensuring that a gender perspective is reflected in all policies and programmes at the national, regional and international levels. The Platform for Action sets out measures for national and international action for the advancement of women over the five years until 2000.

If implemented, the Platform for Action will enhance the social, economic and political empowerment of women, improve their health and their access to relevant education and promote their reproductive rights. The action plan sets time-specific targets, committing nations to carry out concrete actions in such areas as health, education, decision-making and legal reforms with the ultimate goal of eliminating all forms of discrimination against women in both public and private life.

Primary sources

* [ Mary P. Burke U.N. Women's Conference Collection (MS105)] . Finding Aid. Suffolk University Archives, Suffolk University; Boston, MA.

ee also

* History of feminism


* [ United Nations: Fourth World Conference on Women]
* [ Official documents of the Fourth World Conference on Women]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fourth World Conference on Women — Четвертая Всемирная конференция по положению женщин …   Термины гендерных исследований

  • UNITED NATIONS: Fourth World Conference on Women — ▪ 1996       Women from 185 countries convened in Beijing on Sept. 4, 1995, for the Fourth World Conference on Women. Among the prominent personalities in attendance were Pakistan s Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto and U.S. first lady Hillary Rodham …   Universalium

  • World Conference on Women — The World Conference on Women was established in 1975 during the International Women s Year.The most recent conference was the Fourth World Conference on Women …   Wikipedia

  • Women's rights — The term women s rights refers to the freedoms inherently possessed by women and girls of all ages, which may be institutionalized, ignored or suppressed by law, custom, and behavior in a particular society. These liberties are grouped together… …   Wikipedia

  • Women at the Crossroads: Advances and Setbacks — ▪ 2000 by Siobhan Dowd       At the 20th century s close, 50 years after the publication of Simone de Beauvoir s classic treatise Le Deuxième Sexe (The Second Sex), feminists and human rights activists pondered whether women fared better now than …   Universalium

  • Women in the Philippines — The role of women in the Philippines is explained based on the context of Filipino culture, standards, and mindsets. The Philippines is described to be a nation of strong women, who directly and indirectly run the family unit, businesses,… …   Wikipedia

  • World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts — The World Association of Girl Guides and Girl Scouts (WAGGGS) is a global association supporting the female oriented and female only Scouting organizations in 145 countries. It was established in 1928 and has its headquarters in London, England.… …   Wikipedia

  • Fourth International — For other uses, see Fourth International (disambiguation). This article focusses on the Fourth International prior to 1963. See Fourth International (Post Reunification) for later developments …   Wikipedia

  • Women's suffrage — U.S. women suffragists demonstrating for the right to vote, February 1913 Women s suffrage or woman suffrage[1] is the right of women to vote and to run for office. The expression is also used for the economic and political reform movement aimed… …   Wikipedia

  • World Romani Congress — The World Romani Congress is a series of forums for discussion of issues relating to Roma people around the world. There have been six World Romani Congresses to date. Among the chief goals of these congresses have been the standardization of the …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.