- Joel Schumacher
name = Joel Schumacher
imagesize = 200px
caption = The Director at Taormina Film Fest in 2003 (Italian premiere of "Phone Booth")
birthdate = birth date and age|1939|8|29
location = New York, New York, U.S.
birthname = Joel T. Schumacher
occupation = Director,
screenwriter, and producer
yearsactive = 1972 -
Joel Schumacher (born
August 29, 1939in New York City), is an American film director, screenwriterand producer. He is best known for directing "St. Elmo's Fire", " The Lost Boys", " Falling Down", " Flatliners", "The Client", " Batman Forever", "A Time to Kill", "The Phantom of the Opera", "Phone Booth", " The Number 23", and "Batman & Robin".
Early life and career
Schumacher was born in
New York City. His mother Marian, was a Swedish Jew, and his father Frank was a Baptistfrom Knoxville, Tennessee, who died when Joel was four years old. He studied at Parsons The New School for Designand The Fashion Institute of Technology in New York [ [http://movies.yahoo.com/movie/contributor/1800018580/bio Joel Schumacher Biography at Yahoo! Movies] ] . After first working in the fashion industry, he realized his true love was in filmmaking. He moved out to Los Angeles, where he began his media work as a costume designer in films such as "Sleeper" and developed his skills with television work while earning an MFA from UCLA. He wrote the screenplay for the 1976 low-budget hit movie "Car Wash" and a number of other minor successes. He also wrote 1978's " The Wiz", an adaptation of the stage play of the same name. His film directorial debut was " The Incredible Shrinking Woman" in 1981, which starred Lily Tomlin, and he quickly made more successful films, including two "brat pack" works.
The Brat Pack
"St. Elmo's Fire" and "
The Lost Boys", considered to be archetypal movies of the 1980s, were two of Schumacher's biggest hits. Their style impressed audiences and their financial success allowed studios to trust him with ever larger projects. He states in the director's commentary for St. Elmo's Fire that he resents the "Brat Pack" label, as he feels it misrepresents the group. This is mentioned several times.
Schumacher would later replace
Tim Burtonas the director of the Batman film franchise. After Burton's second Batmanfilm, " Batman Returns" (1992), proved to be too controversial for Warner Bros.to market (due to critics and parental groups complaining that the film was too dark and violent for children) the studio wanted the next film to be more family-friendly. Schumacher soon became a studio favorite to take over the directing helms. He had grown a reputation for making hit films with a relatively small budget (although, it only remained to be seen whether Schumacher was ready to handle a big-budget franchise film like a Batman film). Also, his work on " The Lost Boys" (1987) and " Flatliners" (1990) showed Warner Bros. that he was capable of creating his own visual style, much like Tim Burton had established as an important element of a Batman film. In addition, his controversial hit " Falling Down" (1993) showed that he could handle dark material such as the Batman mythos.
He directed "
Batman Forever" in 1995 (starring Val Kilmer, who was succeeding Michael Keatonas the Caped Crusader), which was a major summer success despite receiving mixed reviews. He later directed "Batman & Robin" (1997) (starring George Clooneyinstead of Val Kilmer as Batman), which was a critical disaster, and did poorly at the box office. The film prompted Warner Bros. to place the series of movies on hiatus, canceling the next Batman movie "Batman Triumphant" (after seven years, " Batman Begins" was released, in a comprehensive reboot of the franchise).
"Batman & Robin" had a detrimental effect on Schumacher's reputation, forcing him to take on less ambitious projects. On the
DVDcommentary, Schumacher has admitted that his movie disappointed fans of darker Batman adaptations, saying that the film was made intentionally marketable (or " toyetic") and kid-friendly. He claims to have been under heavy pressure from the studio to do so; however, he admits full responsibility and, at one point, apologizes to any fans who were disappointed. Schumacher, however, is a devoted Batman fan himself and actually would have personally preferred an adaptation of the comic, "". ["Long ago, when this whole thing started, Batman: Year One... was always my favorite, and I was always hoping that I would do that one. There was no desire to do that the first time around, and there was definitely no desire to do that the second time around." -- Joel Schumacher, "Shadows of the Bat Part 5: Reinventing a Hero", "Batman Forever" Special Edition DVD]
Many fans have complained about the "artistic license" Schumacher took with the Batman franchise. The tone of the films became far campier (akin to the 1960s live-action TV series starring
Adam West) under Schumacher's direction and overt sexual elements began to rear their head. One of the more persistent complaints was Schumacher's stylistic approach in putting nipples on the Batsuit, which Schumacher would later claim was inspired by statues of the Greek gods. Others included shots focusing on Batman and Robin's rear ends while suiting up and a Gotham Cityfilled with giant stone statues of nude men (one memorable fight with Mr. Freezetakes place across one). He dismissed these issues in the 2005 special edition DVD of "Batman Forever", saying that these people should "get out more."
He served as the director for the music videos, "
Kiss from a Rose", by Seal, and " The End Is the Beginning Is the End", by The Smashing Pumpkins(co-directed with Jonathan Dayton and Valerie Faris). These songs appeared in "Batman Forever" and "Batman & Robin", respectively.
Since 1998, Schumacher has said he is interested in re-editing "Forever" to make it closer to as it was originally conceived.Fact|date=February 2007
Following "Batman & Robin", Schumacher went on to direct lower budget films (stepping down from $100 million budget films) like "8MM" with
Nicolas Cage, and "Flawless" with Robert De Niro. Neither were big hits, and reviews were mostly negative. In 1999, Schumacher also directed the music video for "Letting the Cables Sleep" by English rock band Bush. In 2000, Schumacher directed the Vietnam-era boot camp drama " Tigerland", which introduced Hollywood to a young Colin Farrell. Kirk Honeycutt of " The Hollywood Reporter" praised the film as such: "Tigerland" lands squarely in the top tier of best movies about America's Vietnam experience."
He lowered the budget and scale once again with the controversial "Phone Booth", which reteamed Schumacher with Farrell. The film, already shelved for almost two years, was delayed months further due to the
Beltway sniper attacks. It received generally positive reviews, earning a 71 percent "Fresh" rating on the review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes. [ [http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/phone_booth/ Phone Booth Movie Reviews, Pictures - Rotten Tomatoes ] ] Schumacher returned to big-budget Hollywood in 2002 with "Bad Company" starring Anthony Hopkinsand Chris Rock. "Phone Booth", although produced before "Bad Company", was released afterwards.
Schumacher directed a film version of the musical "The Phantom of the Opera" in 2004. While the film earned mixed reviews, gaining harsh criticism from fans of
Andrew Lloyd Webber's original stage musical for casting and directorial choices, it turned out to be a commercial success and was nominated for three Academy Awardsand three Golden Globes including Best Motion Picture-Musical or Comedy. However, the film did not win any of them.
The director has since filmed "
The Number 23", which was a critical and box office flop.
His next project is
vampirethriller "Town Creek", which began shooting in March 2007.
In August 2008, Schumacher directed the music video for American rock band
Scars on Broadway, for their upcoming single World Long Gone. [http://www.roadrunnerrecords.com/blabbermouth.Net/news.aspx?mode=Article&newsitemID=103151]
Schumacher has been openly gay through most of his career.cite web |title=Gay directors bring home the bacon |work=
The Advocate|url=http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1589/is_2003_May_13/ai_102453324 |date= 2003-05-13|accessdate=2007-07-08] In Liz Smith's memoir, "Natural Blonde", she states that "He called himself 'A Sexual Outlaw'" and discusses their love affair and subsequent friendship.
*In "Legends of the Dark Knight", an episode of "
The New Batman Adventures", three teenagers discuss their ideas about what Batman is really like. They briefly meet an effeminate youth called "Joel" (in front of a "shoemaker"'s shop, no less) whose idea of Batman consists mainly of a fascination with the tight rubber suits and a Batmobilethat can drive up walls (as seen in " Batman Forever"). The other three kids treat Joel's ideas with utter disdain.
*An episode of "
MADtv" includes a sketch where Schumacher discusses his new project, a Batman musical called "Batman V: Out of the Cave" starring Tommy Tuneas Batman, and Ben Vereenas Robin. Samples of the performance are shown and are filled with flamboyant and blatantly homosexual elements.
*In the "
South Park"episode, " Cartman Joins NAMBLA", one of the chatrooms Cartman passes up when he looks for older friends on the Internet is called "Joel Schumacher Must Die".
*In an episode of "
Robot Chicken", a riot breaks out at a comic/sci fi convention, where Schumacher is trying to flee the scene, only to get lynched by a rampaging mob of Batman fans and one in particular dressed as Robin who says, "Joel Schumacher is history's greatest monster!"
*In another episode of "Robot Chicken", Schumacher pitches his idea for a "
Batman Begins" parody, "Heimlich Begins" (based on the Heimlich maneuver) in which Heimlich battles a villain called "The Choker" (a parody of Batman villain Joker), who attacks with animated sausage links. At the end, the entire sketch is revealed to have been described by Schumacher. The skit ends with a reference to Schumacher's sexuality: "It's always sausage with you, isn't it?"
*In Episode 4 of "", Randal demands his money back from a nipple-Batsuit-clad Schumacher after seeing "Batman and Robin", saying, "Man, "Batman and Robin" was so gay!"
*In "Hitman & Lobo", Tommy calls Section 8 while Lobo is tearing apart a group of gangsters. When Sixpack asks about the screaming in the background, Tommy replies that he is in a cinema and the audience is watching a Joel Schumacher retrospective.
The Incredible Shrinking Woman" (1981)
D.C. Cab" (a.k.a. "Street Fleet") (1983)
* "St. Elmo's Fire" (1985)
The Lost Boys" (1987)
* "Cousins" (1989)
Dying Young" (1991)
Falling Down" (1993)
* "The Client" (1994)
Batman Forever" (1995)
* "A Time to Kill" (1996)
* "Batman & Robin" (1997)
* "8mm" (1999)
* "Flawless" (1999)
* "Bad Company" (2002)
* "Phone Booth" (2003)
* "Veronica Guerin" (2003)
* "Andrew Lloyd Webber's The Phantom of the Opera" (2004)
The Number 23" (2007)
* "Creek" (2008)
*imdb name|id=0001708|name=Joel Schumacher
* [http://www.moviehole.net/news/20030522_1667.html Joel Schumacher interview]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Joel Schumacher — Nombre real Joel Schumacher Nacimiento 29 de agosto de 1939 (72 años) Nueva York, estado de Nueva York, Estados Unidos … Wikipedia Español
Joel Schumacher — (2003) Joel Schumacher (* 29. August 1939 in New York City, USA) ist ein US amerikanischer Regisseur, Drehbuchautor und Produzent. Inhaltsverzeichnis … Deutsch Wikipedia
Joel Schumacher — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Schumacher. Joel Schumacher … Wikipédia en Français
Joël — Joel bzw. Joël (aus dem franz.) ist ein männlicher Vorname. Die weibliche Form ist Joelle bzw. Joëlle. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Namenstag 3 Bekannte Namensträger 3.1 Biblische Personen … Deutsch Wikipedia
Schumacher — ist ein verbreiteter deutscher Familienname. Herkunft und Bedeutung Der Name ist abgeleitet von der Berufsbezeichnung des Schuhmachers. Varianten Schuhmacher Bekannte Namensträger Inhaltsverzeichnis A B C D E F G H … Deutsch Wikipedia
Schumacher — is an occupational surname (German, shoemaker , pronunced IPA| [ˈʃuːmaχɐ] ), and may refer to:Peopleport* Anton Schumacher (born 1938), German football (soccer) goalkeeper * Günther Schumacher (born 1949), German track and road cyclist * Harald… … Wikipedia
Joel — bzw. Joël ist ein männlicher Vorname, der auch als Familienname auftritt. Da es sich um einen Namen aus der Bibel handelt, wird er in vielen christlichen Ländern als Vorname verwendet und entsprechend unterschiedlich ausgesprochen. Im… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Schumacher — significa zapatero en alemán. Eso es el apellido de varias personas: Contenido 1 Deportes 2 Ciencia 3 Cine 4 Economía … Wikipedia Español
Joel — Joël Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Joël est un prénom d origine hébreu (יואל, Jéhovah est Dieu). Comme patronyme Joël, prohète hébreu et auteur du livre de Joël Billy Joel, pianiste,… … Wikipédia en Français
Schumacher — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sur les autres projets Wikimedia : « Schumacher », sur le Wiktionnaire (dictionnaire universel) Schumacher ([ˈʃuːmaχɐ]) est un nom de… … Wikipédia en Français