Richard Coote, 1st Earl of Bellomont

Richard Coote, 1st Earl of Bellomont

Infobox Governor
name = The Earl of Bellomont

order = 2nd Governor of the Province of Massachusetts Bay
office =
term_start = May 26, 1699
term_end = July 17, 1700
lieutenant =
predecessor = William Stoughton
successor = William Stoughton
birth_date = 1636
birth_place = Ireland
death_date = March 5, 1701
death_place =
party =
spouse =
profession =
religion =

Richard Coote, 1st Earl of Bellomont (1636ndash 5 March 1701) was colonial Governor of New York from 1698 to 1701 and of Massachusetts from 1699 to 1700.

He was born in Ireland, the second, but first surviving, son of Richard Coote, third son of Sir Charles Coote, 1st Baronet, by Mary, daughter of Sir George St George. His father was created Baron Coote in 1660 (on the same day as his uncle was created Earl of Mountrath), and he succeeded his father as 2nd Baron Coote on 10 July 1683. Lord Coote was Member of Parliament for Droitwich from 1689 to 1695. He was one of the first to join the Prince of Orange in 1688, which caused him to be attainted by the Irish Parliament of King James II in May 1689. King William III and Queen Mary II, however, created him Earl of Bellomont on 2 November 1689, and granted him over 77,000 acres (310 km²) of forfeited Irish lands.

Lord Bellomont was Treasurer to the Queen from 1689 to 1693. He was commissioned as Royal Governor of Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and New York in 1697. He began his administration in New York the next spring in 1698 and did not assert his dominion over Massachusetts until May 1699, when he presided in person as Massachusetts' Governor.

Bellomont had been the primary sponsor of Captain William Kidd's charter as a privateer, and when he was charged with piracy, Captain Kidd came to Boston to enlist Lord Bellomont's support. The political tide had turned against Kidd, and Bellomont promptly had him arrested. The accused pirate was given a brief hearing and was then returned to London where he was found guilty of piracy and hanged.

Bellomont's attempt to govern three such distant territories took a toll on his health and he succumbed to a severe case of gout in 1701. He was replaced temporarily in New York by John Nanfan as Acting Governor until the arrival of Lord Cornbury in 1702 and in Massachusetts by William Stoughton, who died before Joseph Dudley arrived as Bellomont's replacement in 1702.

He married Catharine, daughter of Bridges Nanfan. His eldest son, Nanfan, Lord Coloony, succeeded to the Earldom on his death, his second son, Richard, succeeded in turn as 3rd Earl on his elder brother's death. On the 3rd Earl's death without surviving male heirs, the Earldom became extinct, while the Barony devolved on his cousin, Sir Charles Coote, who was later also created Earl of Bellomont.


* [ Colonial Governors of NY]
* [ official Governors of Massachusetts Biography]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Earl of Bellomont — The title of Earl of Bellomont was created three times in the Peerage of Ireland.The first time it was created on 9 December 1680 for Charles Henry Kirkhoven, who had been created Baron Wotton on 31 August 1650. On his death in 1683, both titles… …   Wikipedia

  • Coote — is the surname of the following people: Adrian Coote, British footballer Alice Coote, British mezzo soprano Andrea Coote, Australian politician Anthony Coote, English musician Charles Henry Coote (1840–1899), librarian at the British Museum. The… …   Wikipedia

  • George Townshend, 1st Marquess Townshend — PC (28 February, 1724 ndash;14 September, 1807), known as the Viscount Townshend from 1764 to 1787, was a British soldier who reached the rank of field marshal.Townshend was the son of Charles Townshend, 3rd Viscount Townshend, and Audrey… …   Wikipedia

  • Кидд, Уильям — Уильям Кидд William Kidd Вильям Кидд, портрет XVIII века Дата рождения …   Википедия

  • List of colonial governors of New York — This is a list of colonial governors of the Province of New York during British rule: # Name Term 1 Richard Nicolls 1664–1668 as military governor 2 Francis Lovelace 1668–1672 3 Anthony Colve 1673–1674 under restored Netherlands rule …   Wikipedia

  • Trinity Church (Newport, Rhode Island) — Infobox nrhp | name =Trinity Church nrhp type =nhl caption = Front view of church and steeple, 2008 location= 141 Spring Street, at Church Street, Newport, Rhode Island lat degrees = 41 lat minutes = 29 lat seconds = 15 lat direction = N long… …   Wikipedia

  • Benjamin Fletcher — This article is about the colonial governor. For the IWW organiser, see Ben Fletcher Benjamin Fletcher (1640 1703) was colonial governor of New York from 1692 to 1697. Fletcher was known for the Ministry Act, which secured the place of Anglicans… …   Wikipedia

  • William Kidd — Infobox Pirate name=William Kidd lived=c. 1645 – May 23, 1701 caption=William Kidd nickname= type=Privateer placeofbirth= Greenock, Scotland placeofdeath= Wapping, England allegiance= Kingdom of England serviceyears= base of operations= rank=… …   Wikipedia