- Kerala Kalamandalam
name = Kerala Kalamandalam
native_name = Kalamandalam
established = 1930
type = Public
vice_chancellor = Dr.K G Paulose
Kerala Kalamandalam (
Malayalam: കേരള കലാമണ്ഡലം) is a major centre for learning Indian performing arts, especially those that developed in the southern state of Kerala. It is situated in the village of Cheruthuruthyin Thrissurdistrict on the banks of the Bharathapuzha.
The institution, now a deemed university, was founded in 1930 by poet
Vallathol Narayana Menonand Manakkulam Mukunda Raja. Kalamandalam imparts training in classical dance and theatre forms like Kathakali, Mohiniyattam, Kudiyattam, Thullal, Kuchipudi, Bharatanatyam, and Nangiar Koothu, besides the traditional orchestra called Panchavadyam. Training is also given in various percussion instruments like chenda, maddalamand mizhavu. Kalamandalam follows the gurukulasampradayam, the ancient Indian education system based on residential tutelage.
The inception of Kalamandalam gave a second life to three major classical performing arts of Kerala, as Kathakali, Kudiyattam and Mohiniyattam were, by the turn of 20th century, facing the threat of extinction under various regulations of the colonial authorities. [ [The Hindu, Sunday edition November 6, 2005] ] It was at this this juncture, in 1927, that Vallathol Narayana Menon and Mukunda Raja came forward and formed a society called Kerala Kalamandalam. They solicited donations from the public and conducted a lottery in order to raise funds for this society. [ [http://www.hindu.com/fr/2006/11/03/stories/2006110300490300.htm The Hindu] ] Kerala Kalamandalam was inaugurated in November 1930 at
Kunnamkulam, and was later shifted to the village of Cheruthuruthy, just south of Shoranur.
Kalamandalam was conceived to provide training to its students in the Gurukula Sampradaya, an ancient tradition of residential schooling where students stayed with the teachers, sharing the same atmosphere and learning from them the nuances of the arts. Eminent masters were brought to Kalamandalam. Training sessions, which started in the morning, extended till late in the night.
Masters in Kalamandalam
Among the classical arts that Kalamandalam provides training in, Kathakali is possibly the most popular across the world. The institution's history has been marked by the services of several Kathakali masters like
Pattikkamthodi Ravunni Menon, Padma Shri Vazhenkada Kunchu Nair, Padma Bhushan Kalamandalam Ramankutty Nair, Kalamandalam Padmanabhan Nair, Padma Shri Keezhpadam Kumaran Nair, Kalamandalam Gopi, Kalamandalam Vasu Pisharodyand Vazhenkada Vijayanamong others in the Kalluvazhi style. Kalamandalam Krishnan Nair, arguably the greatest-ever Kathakali artiste, also has been one of the early-day students at the institute. Notable among the southerners who have served the Kalamandalam are Guru Kunchu Kurup, Madavoor Vasudevan Nairand Mankompu Sivasankara Pillai. Kalamandalam Rajasekharan, known for his female Kathakali roles, is currently the institute's principal. Other noted tutors at present include Kalamandalam Balasubramanian and Krishnakumar.
Vallathol Narayana Menon invited legendary Guru, authority of
Rasa-abhinayaand Kutiyattam, "Natyacharya" Mani Madhava Chakyaras the master trainer for Rasa-abhinaya and Netrabhinaya to the Kathakali students. Kalamandalam Neelakantan Nambisan, an over-arching Kathakali musician of the 20th century, was a product of the institute. His prominent disciples include Kalamandalam Unnikrishna Kurup, Gangadharan, Ramankutty Varrier, Madambi Subramanian Namboodiri, Kalamandalam Sankaran Embranthiri, Kalamandalam Hyderali, Kalamandalam Venmani Haridas, Subramanian, Kalanilayam Unnikrishnan and Kalamandalam Bhavadasan. Leading percussionists of yesteryear include Kalamandalam Krishnankutty Poduvaland Pallassana Chandra Mannadiyar (chenda), besides Kalamandalam Appukutty Poduvaland Narayanan Nambisan (maddalam). Vazhenkada Govinda Varrier and Kalamandalam Rammohan had been leading chutti(make-up) masters.
Legendary gurus in the field of Kudiyattam include Padma shri Mani Madhava Chakyar and Painkulam Rama Chakyar, while in Mohiniyattam, the most celebrated personality, has been
Kalamandalam Kalyanikutty Amma.
Awards Instituted by Kalamandalam
The institution honours noted performers with awards.
Chembai Vaidyanatha Bhagavatarwas the first recipient of its "Suvarna Mudra" (gold medal) and Guru Mani Madhava Chakyarwas the recipient of the first Fellowship. The institution also gives away the annual Kalamandalam award. Academic Status
In 2006, the Kalamandalam was accorded the status of "Deemed University for Art and Culture" by the Government of India.
Kerala Folklore Akademi
List of Kerala State Government Organizations
* [http://www.kalamandalam.org/keralakalamandalam.asp Official Website]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Kerala Kalamandalam — Nom original Kalamandalam Informations Fondation 1930 Fondateur Padmabhooshan Vallathol Narayana Menon et Raja Manakkulam Mukunda Type Localisation Ville … Wikipédia en Français
Kalamandalam Neelakantan Nambisan — (1919 85) was a trend setter Kathakali musician who played a crucial role in remoulding the aesthetics of singing for the classical dance drama of Kerala, south India [Kathakali Encyclopedia (Vijnanakosam), page 377)] . Nambisan imbibed a set of… … Wikipedia
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Kalamandalam Ramankutty Nair — is one of the most senior performers of Kathakali, having been a grand and sober presence on the classical art form s stage for a span of over seven decades. [ [http://www.hindu.com/mag/2003/10/19/stories/2003101900330500.htm Article on the… … Wikipedia
Kalamandalam Vasu Pisharody — is a leading Kathakali artiste known for his restrained portrayal of character roles in the classical dance drama of Kerala in south India. [http://www.cyberkerala.com/kathakali/artists/vasupisharody.htm] A frontline disciple of Padma Shri… … Wikipedia
Kalamandalam Krishnan Nair — (1914 1990) was one of the most renowned Kathakali artistes of any time, and arguably the greatest in the history of the four century old classical dance drama from Kerala in southern India. He had fleshy, flexible and clean cut facial features… … Wikipedia
Kalamandalam Sankaran Embranthiri — (1944 2007) was one of the most popular Kathakali musicians, credited with initiating a new wave in the rendition of songs for the classical dance drama from Kerala in south India. His shruti aligned music was glistened by a velvety voice, easy… … Wikipedia
Kalamandalam Padmanabhan Nair — (1918 2007) was an eminent Kathakali exponent, equally known for his capacities as a tutor, theoretician and author of a few authentic texts on the classical dance drama from Kerala in south India. [http://www.hindu.com/2007/04/04/stories/20070404… … Wikipedia
Kalamandalam Krishnankutty Poduval — (1924 1992) was a self taught maestro of Kathakali percussion who excelled in the art of chenda playing by redefining its aesthetics as an audio accompaniment for the classical dance drama from Kerala in south India.… … Wikipedia
Kalamandalam Kalyanikutty Amma — (1915 1999) was a epoch making Mohiniyattam danseuse from Kerala in southern India. A native of Thirunavaya in Malappuram district of the state, she was instrumental in resurrecting Mohiniyattam from a dismal, near extinct state into a mainstream … Wikipedia