- Communications in Saudi Arabia
Telephones - main lines in use:3,317,500 (2002)
mobile cellular:21,500,000 (2007)
"note:"In 2004, the
Saudi Telecom Company(STC) monopolization was broken by authorizing Etihad Etisalat/Mobily to compete in mobile communication.
Digital Radio Trunking- 100,000 (Unofficial):
In late 2005, bravO! Telecom was launched as the country's digital radio trunking operator under a B.O.T agreement with the incumbent operator STC, with an estimated 100,000 subscribers as of Nov'07.
Telephone system:modern system
"domestic:"extensive microwave radio relay and coaxial and fiber-optic cable systems
"international:"microwave radio relay to
Bahrain, Jordan, Kuwait, Qatar, UAE, Yemen, and Sudan; coaxial cable to Kuwaitand Jordan; submarine cable to Djibouti, Egyptand Bahrain; satellite earth stations - 5 Intelsat(3 Atlantic Ocean and 2 Indian Ocean), 1 Arabsat, and 1 Inmarsat( Indian Oceanregion) Radiobroadcast stations:AM 43, FM 31, shortwave 2 (1998)
Radios:6.25 million (1997)
Televisionbroadcast stations:117 (1997)
Televisions:5.1 million (1997)
InternetService Providers (ISPs):22 (2005)
Country code (Top level domain):
Broadband Internet access
ADSLservice in Saudi Arabiahas become available since 2001. As part of its monopoly on all methods of communicationin Saudi Arabia, the Saudi Telecom Companyis the only complete provider, though several ISPs are available, with the permission of STC. STCis the only provider for telephone lines in Saudi Arabia. For this reason customers have to pay two fees, one to STCfor activation of the ADSLservice across the telephone line, and a second to an ISPto provide Internet service across the ADSLline. STChas been highly criticized for their service in providing ADSLaccess as customers had to wait many months to receive ADSL service on their phone lines. In 2006, STC had invested in increasing the size of their ADSLinfrastructure and since then the wait times had improved, but many customers are still on waiting lists. ADSLservices in Saudi Arabia has been criticized for being slow, unreliable, and unreasonably expensive. As of January 2007, STCstarted providing 1024 kbit/s ADSL connections, but there are currently few ISPs that provide 1024 kbit/s Internet access. Still, Saudi Arabia is lagging behind its neighbors in terms of DSL access, as broadbandcosts are nearly double that of neighboring countries and the maximum Internetspeed available is currently 10 Mbit/s/s.
Available ADSL speeds with typical monthly prices for ISP's:
* 256 kbit/s at a cost of SR80 (~US
* 512 kbit/s at a cost of SR150 (~US
* 1 Mbit/s/s at a cost of SR200 (~US
* 2 Mbit/s/s at a cost of SR410 (~US
* 4 Mbit/s/s at a cost of SR580 (~US
* 8 Mbit/s/s at a cost of SR650 (~US
* 10 Mbit/s/s at a cost of SR700 (~US
Available ADSL speeds with typical monthly fee's for STC:
* 256 kbit/s at a cost of SR100 (~US
* 512 kbit/s at a cost of SR120 (~US
* 1 Mbit/s/s at a cost of SR150 (~US
* 2 Mbit/s/s at a cost of SR180 (~US
* 4 Mbit/s/s at a cost of SR210 (~US
* 8 Mbit/s/s at a cost of SR240 (~US
* 10 Mbit/s/s at a cost of SR260 (~US
$70). As of October [2006, the 20 Internet service providers in Saudi Arabiabecame connected through "Data service provider" -licensed companies, such as Saudi Telecom Company. The ISPs were previously connected through KACST (King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology), who was also responsible for DNS and filtering traffic. Since October 2006 the Communications and Information Technology Commissionis responsible for DNS and filtering services. [cite press release
title = Communication and Information Technology Commission, Saudi Arabia, Annual Report 2005 | url = http://www.citc.gov.sa/NR/rdonlyres/5F77A781-6ECB-43FB-8F5E-1C46CE907BE4/0/AnnualReportEng.pdf | publisher = Communication and Information Technology Commission | accessdate = 2007-01-22 ]
There are several reasons for the service being unpopular, in particular the unreasonably expensive prices and incompetent low-quality service. Perhaps this was proved when STC submitted a request to enter neighboring
Egyptas a provider and was refused due to lack of experience, staff, equipments and such.
Saudi citizens are hoping for the quick introduction of another provider to end STC's monopoly and start competition in the Internet provider market. This is believed to be hindered by CITC.
In late 2005 it was announced that a company by the name of electronet would start providing broadband connections through electric lines by mid 2006. However as of early 2008 the service has not been implemented.
Dial-upconnection is the predominant method of Internet connectivity and is billed (to the phone bill) at 3 Saudi Riyals per hour, which equates to about 80 US Cents per hour which makes it about $20 per single day! and keep in mind we are talking dial-up here.
There are huge public complaints about the
Internet services in Saudi Arabiaall of which falls on deaf ears since there is no reason or force pressuring the monopoly.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Saudi Arabia — Infobox Country conventional long name = Kingdom of Saudi Arabia native name = ar. المملكة العربية السعودية al Mamlaka al ʻArabiyya as Suʻūdiyya common name = Saudi Arabia national motto = There is no god but Allah, Muhammad is the messenger of… … Wikipedia
Saudi Arabia — a kingdom in N and central Arabia, including Hejaz, Nejd, and dependencies. 20,087,965; ab. 600,000 sq. mi. (1,554,000 sq. km). Cap.: Riyadh. Cf. Mecca. * * * Saudi Arabia Introduction Saudi Arabia Background: In 1902 Abd al Aziz Ibn SAUD… … Universalium
Communications and Information Technology Commission (Saudi Arabia) — Communications and Information Technology Commission, CITC (Arabic: هيئة الاتصالات و تقنية المعلومات, Hai at al Itisalat wa Taqniat al Ma lumat) is the Saudi communications authority. It was first established under the name of Saudi… … Wikipedia
Saudi Arabia — <p></p> <p></p> Introduction ::Saudi Arabia <p></p> Background: <p></p> Saudi Arabia is the birthplace of Islam and home to Islam s two holiest shrines in Mecca and Medina. The king s official title … The World Factbook
Telecommunications in Saudi Arabia — Telephones main lines in use: 3,317,550 (2002) Telephones mobile cellular: 21,500,000 (2007) note: In 2004, the Saudi Telecom Company (STC) monopolization was broken by authorizing Etihad Etisalat/Mobily to compete in mobile communication, in… … Wikipedia
Outline of Saudi Arabia — … Wikipedia
Portal:Saudi Arabia — Wikipedia portals: Culture Geography Health History Mathematics Natural sciences People Philosophy Religion Society Technology … Wikipedia
List of Saudi Arabia-related articles — Articles (arranged alphabetically) related to Saudi Arabia include: NOTOC 0 9 A *Al Ahsa B * Bahrain * Basic Law of Saudi Arabia C * Communications in Saudi Arabia * Culture of Saudi Arabia D * Demographics of Saudi Arabia * Dhahran * Dhahran… … Wikipedia
Armed Forces of Saudi Arabia — Saudi Arabian Armed Forces Service branches Royal Saudi Air Force Royal Saudi Land Forces Royal Saudi Navy … Wikipedia
Consultative Assembly of Saudi Arabia — Saudi Consultative Assembly مجلس الشورى السعودي Majlis al Shūra al Saʿūdiyy Type Type Unicameral Leadership Speaker … Wikipedia