- Tourism in Australia
Tourism in Australia is a large sector of the economy. In 2003/04, the
tourismindustry represented 3.9% of Australia's GDP at a value of approximately A$32 billion to the national economy. [http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/featurearticlesbyCatalogue/56DEEBA1C966180ECA257122001AC52D?OpenDocument 1350.0 - Australian Economic Indicators, Jan 2006 ] ] It should be noted that tourism's share of GDP has been slightly decreasing over recent years.1.1% of total exports of goods and services.http://www.tourismaustralia.com/content/Research/Factsheets/Inbound_TourismFINAL0506.pdf]
Australia also received the 10th biggest revenue from being a tourist destination in
2002, 2003and 2004.Fact|date=November 2007
At least until September 2001, tourism and particularly international tourism had grown rapidly for the past two decades. Fact|date=June 2007 About 4 million tourists visit Australia annually.
During 2001–2002 and 2002–2003, external events such as the
September 11, 2001 attacksand the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome(SARS) scare caused changes to the level of international visitors to Australia.
All visitors to Australia, apart from
New Zealanders, require advance permission to enter the country. For most countries, a full visa is required, but holders of certain passports from some OECDand some East Asian countries are able to apply for the simpler Electronic Travel Authoritywhich enables one to apply and be granted a visa.
Australia's international tourism campaigns have focused on Australia's laid-back style, such as an 1980s
advertising campaignfeaturing actor Paul Hogan telling American tourists "I'll slip an extra shrimp on the barbiefor you", or its cheeky side, as in its controversial 2006 campaign in the United Kingdomusing the Australian colloquialism slogan " So where the bloody hell are you?".
Types of tourists
The top 10 countries for short term visits to Australia:
Source: [http://www.abs.gov.au/Ausstats/abs@.nsf/7d12b0f6763c78caca257061001cc588/11a4445697a961e4ca2568a900139346!OpenDocument ABS Overseas Arrivals and Departures August 2006]
Whilst the above list may include personal and business visits, a considerable proportion of these visitors would engage in tourist activities. 52% of visitors to Australia in 2005/06 visited for a holiday.
Japanese tourists make up a distinctive part of the Australian tourism market, usually taking short package tours which concentrate heavily on the iconic sights (typically
Sydney, Uluru, Gold Coast and Cairns),Fact|date=July 2008 and viewing Australian native animals (particularly the koala).Fact|date=July 2008
Another major source of tourists to Australia include backpackers, mostly young people from
Western European countries (particularly the United Kingdom) and Canada. Spending more time in Australia, these travellers tend to explore considerably more of the country. Many backpackers participate in working holidays enabling them to stay longer in the country. Working holiday visas for Australia are available for those aged 18 to 30 for most Western Europeancitizens, and also citizens of Canadaand some developed East Asian nations such as Japanand South Korea. [ [http://www.immi.gov.au/visitors/working-holiday/visa-options.htm Visa Options - Working Holiday Makers - Visas & Immigration ] ]
Australians are big domestic travellers as well, with a profusion of seaside resort towns in every state (many located on or near good
surfingbeaches), mountain retreats, plentiful national parks, rivers, fishinglocations, wine growing regions, as well as domestic visitation of the major tourist spots.Fact|date=July 2007
Domestic tourism peaks during the Australian school holidays.
Major events attracts large number of tourists.
2003 Rugby World Cupattracted 65,000 international visitors to Australia. [ [http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/featurearticlesbyCatalogue/42B5A8F5F7C588D4CA256F7200832FE7?OpenDocument 1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2005 ] ] The 2000 Sydney Olympicsresulted in significant inbound and domestic tourism to Sydney. During the games, Sydney hosted 362,000 domestic and 110,000 international visitors. In addition, up to 4 billion people watched the games worldwide. [ [http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/featurearticlesbyCatalogue/E7E546D49DCA1D97CA257298000CED32?OpenDocument 1301.0 - Year Book Australia, 2002 ] ]
Tourism in Sydney
Tourism in Melbourne
Tourism in Brisbane
* [http://www.tourismaustralia.com Tourism Australia]
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