Wali


Wali

"Wali" (Arabic ولي, plural "Awliya"' أولياء), is an Arabic word, meaning trusted one, or friend, generally denoting "friend of God"."Walī (a., pl. awliyā;)", "Encyclopaedia of Islam"] It should not be confused with the word Wāli (Arabic: والي) which is an administrative title that was used in the Muslim Empire and still used nowadays in some Muslim countries.

Sunni Islam

It is short for Waliullah or friend of God. Here Wali means friend. Belief in the Awliya is an agreed upon article of faith in Sunni Islam having been mentioned in the earliest creeds to the most recent. Imam Tahawi mentions them in his creed: [ [http://www.masud.co.uk/ISLAM/misc/tahawi.htm Aqidah Tahawiyya ] ]

We do not prefer any of the saintly men among the Ummah over any of the Prophets but rather we say that any one of the Prophets is better than all the awliya' put together. 99. We believe in what we know of Karamat, the marvels of the awliya' and in authentic stories about them from trustworthy sources.

Islamic books of Aqeedah are not meant to be exhaustive of every branch of faith but rather to clarify points deviated from by non-Sunni sects. Thus Imam Tahawi clarifies some Sufis mistaken belief that the Awliya could become greater than Prophets and confirmed the majority of Sunni Muslim's belief that the Awliya can perform miracles.

Use in Tasawuf/Sufism

A hierarchy of Awliya and their functions are outlined in the books of Sufi Masters. There is disagreement as to the terms used for each rank but there is a general agreement about the numbers and functions of each level. Starting from the top downwards: [ [http://www.fonsvitae.com/sealof.html Ibn al-Arabi - Fons Vitae books - The Seal of the Saints : Prophethood and Sainthood in the Doctrine of Ibn 'Arabi ; Michel Chodkiewicz ; trans. Liadain Sherrard ( Islamic Texts Society ) ] ]

*One Ghawth (Helper)/Qutb (Pole)

*Three Nuqaba (Watchmen)

*Four Awtaad (Pegs)/Aqtab (Poles)

*Seven Abraar (Pious)

*Forty Abdal(Substitutes)

*Three Hundred Akhyaar (Chosen)

Al Hakim al-Tirmidhi and Ibn Arabi amongst others also contended that there was a Seal of the Awliya much in the same way that Prophet Muhammad (SAAWS) is considered the Seal of the Prophets. [ [http://www.fonsvitae.com/sealof.html Ibn al-Arabi - Fons Vitae books - The Seal of the Saints : Prophethood and Sainthood in the Doctrine of Ibn 'Arabi ; Michel Chodkiewicz ; trans. Liadain Sherrard ( Islamic Texts Society ) ] ] [ [http://www.amazon.co.uk/Concept-Sainthood-Early-Islamic-Mysticism/dp/0700704132/ref=sr_1_2?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1204312817&sr=8-2 Amazon.co.uk: The Concept of Sainthood in Early Islamic Mysticism: Two Works by Al-Hakim Al-Tirmidhi (RoutledgeCurzon Sufi): Al-Hakim al-Tirmidhi: Books ] ]

A useful reference appears on p154 of "The People of the Secret" --- Octagon Press ISBN 0 863040 38 1 --- quoting Al Hujwiri, the Afghan Sufi who died in 1063. Spellings differ, notably Abraar is rendered Akbar in Octagon's authoritative "Oriental Magic" from which the full passage is extracted. It places the above hierarchy into a valuable context. (Bruce Main-Smith)

Shi'a term

It is short for Waliullah as well. Again it means friend. However the word Waliullah refers to Ali, son-in-law of Muhammad; Fatima, daughter of the Prophet. Shi'as corroborate this incident widely narrated in both Sunni and Shia narrations (ahadith) where Ali while in prostration gave his ring in charity to a beggar without raising his head from his prayer.Fact|date=August 2008

Salafi

Salafies quote the following verse to denounce any meaning other than Master/Owner/Guardian:

بِسْمِ ٱللَّهِ ٱلرَّحْمَنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِإِنَّمَا وَلِيُّكُمُ اللّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ الَّذِينَ يُقِيمُونَ الصَّلاَةَ وَيُؤْتُونَ الزَّكَاةَ وَهُمْ رَاكِعُونَ [Qur'an Sūra 5: Māida, or The Table Spread:55]

"Only Allah is your Wali and His Messenger and those who believe, those who keep up prayers and pay the poor-rate while they bow. [Shakir 5:55] ."

Legal (Fiqh) Uses of the Term

Marriage

In the Islamic law of marriage, the "wali" is a woman's closest adult male relative, who has authority and responsibility with respect to her marrying; in this context, "wali" can be translated "marriage guardian".Guardian of Orphans

Executor of Wills

References

ee also

*Mawla

ources and External Links

* [http://www.worldstatesmen.org/ WorldStatesmen- see each present country]
*http://www.mpacuk.org/content/view/211/


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • WALI — WAL 壟 Dans le Coran, wal 稜 (pluriel awliy ’ ) désigne celui qui est proche de Dieu. À cette idée de proximité s’ajoute celle de protection. Puis, ce terme en est rapidement venu à désigner de pieux personnages, réputés proches de Dieu et dont on… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Wali — oder Vali steht für: Wali (Sprache), eine afrikanische Sprache Wali (Mythologie), den Rachegott in der nordischen Mythologie und einer der Asen Wali (Islam), ein islamischer Heiliger Wali (Gouverneur), in Algerien und Oman der oberster Verwalter… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wāli — or vali is an administrative title that was used during the Ottoman Empire to designate governors of administrative divisions. It is still in use in some Muslim countries. The division which a Wāli governs is called wilayah. Algerian term In… …   Wikipedia

  • Wali —   [arab. türk.], Vali, Statthalter, in der Türkei der oberste Verwaltungs Beamte einer Provinz (im Osmanischen Reich Wilajet, heute İl).   * * * 1Wa|li, der; s, s [türk. vali < arab. wālī = Provinzgouverneur, zu: waliya = benachbart sein;… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Wali [2] — Wali (arab. wâlî), Titel der türk. Generalgouverneure, die an der Spitze einer Provinz (Wilajet) stehen. Sie werden vom Sultan ernannt und sind die Träger der Exekutivgewalt in allen Zweigen der Staatsverwaltung, mit Ausnahme der Rechtspflege und …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Wali — Wali, so v. w. Statthalter, s.u. Dey …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Wali [1] — Wali, in der nord. Mythologie ein Ase, Sohn des Odin und der Rind, rächt den Tod seines Halbbruders Balder an Hod und gehört zu den Göttern, die den Weltuntergang überleben …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Wali — Wali, Statthalter, türk. Titel, der Vorsteher eines Ejalets (s.d.) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • wali- — *wali , *waliz germ.?, Adjektiv: nhd. gewählt, ausgewählt; ne. chosen; Rekontruktionsbasis: got.; Etymologie: idg. *u̯el (2), *u̯lei , *u̯lēi , *u̯lē , Verb …   Germanisches Wörterbuch

  • WALI — Infobox Radio station name = WALI city = Walterboro, South Carolina area = branding = slogan = Wally 93.7 FM airdate = 1991 04 19 (as WONO) frequency = 93.7 MHz format = Country music power = erp = 6,000 watts haat = 100.0 meters class = A… …   Wikipedia