A303 road


A303 road

UK road routebox
road= A303


image_caption= A303 near Winterbourne Stoke, Wiltshire
length-mi=
length-km=
direction= North East - South West
start= North Waltham
destinations= Andover
Salisbury
Yeovil
end= Newcott
construction-date=
completion-date=
junctions= ukmotorwaysmall|3
ukroadsmall|30
ukroadsmall|34
ukroadsmall|3093
ukroadsmall|3057
ukroadsmall|342
ukroadsmall|343
ukroadsmall|338
ukroadsmall|3028
ukroadsmall|345
ukroadsmall|344
ukroadsmall|360
ukroadsmall|36
ukroadsmall|350
ukroadsmall|371
ukroadsmall|357
ukroadsmall|359
ukroadsmall|37
ukroadsmall|372
ukroadsmall|3088
ukroadsmall|356
ukroadsmall|358
ukroadsmall|30|

The A303 is a trunk road in England. It is the main road between Basingstoke in Hampshire and Honiton in Devon. The M3, the A303 and the A30 together make up one of the main routes from London to South West England, running from London to Land's End in Cornwall. It is a primary A road throughout its length.

The A303 is subject to several upgrade proposals, some of which have been controversial.Despite being a primary route to the south west, the A303 is not frequently congested due to the fact that the recommended route to Honiton is the M4 and the M5.

History

The A303 was created out of a renumbering of several different routes to provide a long bypass for through traffic for a section of the A30, though parts of the route, such as the section past Stonehenge have been a right of way for people, wagons, and later vehicles for centuries. Running from the M3 motorway towards the south west of England these were:

Since the designation of this route, various bypasses have been built.

Route

The A303 starts at the M3 motorway south of Basingstoke at Junction 8, as a dual carriageway. It heads south westerly, crossing the A34 road near to Bullington before passing south of Andover. Dropping down it passes Amesbury on a bypass. The route then becomes single carriageway before passing Stonehenge. After Winterbourne Stoke the route once again becomes dual carriageway, meeting the A36 at Deptford. There is then another section of single carriageway road, before a further section of dual 2 lane road near Berwick St Leonard. It enters a valley through the village of Chicklade. From here it follows the terrain up to Mere, where it runs north of the town as another dual carriageway bypass. Continuing east it passes south of Wincanton and then north of Sparkford to a roundabout where the road reverts once more to single carriageway. At Yeovilton the road becomes dual 2 lane again, connects with the A37 which joins until the end of the bypass. This final section of dual carriageway ends at South Petherton. It runs north of Ilminster where it meets the A358 road. After this, the roads more south westerly through the Blackdown Hills as a narrow road following the contours of the land. It then joins the A30 where it ends.

Proposed improvements

A substantial proportion of the road is of dual carriageway construction, with intervening sections of single carriageway road. The Highways Agency has had plans for several years to upgrade the rest of the route to dual carriageway, however none of these are currently under construction.

A303 Stonehenge Improvement

The most controversial of these was the Stonehenge road tunnel, where the road passes alongside the Stonehenge World Heritage Site. On 5 June 2003, 7.7 miles (12.5 km) of improvements, including the proposed 1.3 mile (2.1 km) bored Stonehenge road tunnel under land adjacent to Stonehenge were announced by the Secretary of State for Transport as part of a wider announcement of road improvements. A public enquiry into whether the plans were adequate was announced; it concluded that they were, despite protests from charities and landowners that the tunnel should be longer. On 31 October 2005 it was announced that there was to be a review of the options for Stonehenge, starting in January 2006 as costs had doubled. [cite news |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/wiltshire/4699477.stm |title= Stonehenge tunnel plan cash blow |publisher=BBC News |date=2005-07-20 |accessdate=2007-04-08] The government cancelled the whole scheme in December 2007. [cite news |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/wiltshire/7130666.stm |publisher=British Broadcasting Corporation |work=BBC News |title=Stonehenge tunnel plans scrapped |date=2007-12-06 |accessdate=2007-12-06]

A303/A358 South Petherton to M5 Taunton

In November 2004 plans to improve the route through the Blackdown Hills - an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty - were abandoned in favour of upgrading the A358 from Ilminster to the M5 motorway at Taunton to reduce traffic west of Ilminster. [cite news |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/cornwall/4051907.stm |title=Beauty spot saved from dual road |publisher=BBC News |date=2004-11-29 |accessdate=2007-04-08] Also incorporating plans to widen the Illminster bypass from South Petherton to a dual 2 lane road, these have been subject of a public consultation in March 2007. [cite web |url=http://www.highways.gov.uk/roads/projects/14075.aspx |title=A303/A358 South Petherton to M5 Taunton |publisher=Highways Agency |accessdate=2007-11-04]

Other Schemes

A number of other schemes along the A303 were considered,cite web|url=http://www.dft.gov.uk/pgr/roads/network/strategic/programme/tpi/southwestregion|title=South West Region - Targeted programme of improvements|publisher=Highways Agency|accessdate=2008-01-20] but then canceled in 1998 [cite web |url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk_politics/143017.stm |publisher=BBC News |title=Road scheme details in full |date=1998-07-31 |accessdate=2007-11-04]

* A30/A303 Marsh Honiton and A35 Honiton Eastern Bypass
* A303 Ilminster Bypass Improvement
* A303 Ilminster to Marsh Improvement
* A303 Sparkford to Ilchester Improvement
* A303 Wylye-Stockton Wood Improvement
* A303 Chicklade Bottom-Mere Improvement

The schemes were remitted to the London to South West and South Wales Multi-Modal Study (SWARMMS), the conclusion of the report was that all of the schemes east of Ilminster should go ahead and that to avoid building a dual carriageway through the Blackdown Hills the A358 should be upgraded to the M5 motorway at Taunton. [http://www.swarmms.org.uk/documents/PLAN%20Lon-Exe%20corr%20v2.pdf] As of 2006 only the A303/A358 South Petherton to M5 Taunton improvement is considered a regional priority so no other improvements are likely to be funded before 2016. [http://www.southwest-ra.gov.uk/media/SWRA/RSPTG/12th%20January%202006/Paper_C1.xls]

The road in pop culture

Kula Shaker performed their first impromptu gig at the Glastonbury Festival, which can be reached via the A303. They used this as the title of their song "303" [cite web |url=http://www.musicweb-international.com/encyclopaedia/k/K134.HTM |title=KULA SHAKER |work=MusicWeb Encyclopaedia of Popular Music |first=Donald |last=Clarke |accessdate=2007-11-04] on the album "K". It was also mentioned in the Levellers' song "Battle of the Beanfield", about the attack by police on travellers celebrating the Solstice at Stonehenge (1 June, 1995): "Down the '303 at the end of the road, Flashing lights, exclusion zones". A sign for the road was also featured on the label for the Universal Indicator Yellow album (see the [http://www.discogs.com/release/35224 Discogs link] ), perhaps a dual reference to the Roland TB-303 synthesiser (featured heavily on Universal Indicator recordings) and to Cornwall the home of Universal Indicator artist Richard D. James.Fact|date=November 2007

In an episode of the popular BBC comedy panel show Mock The Week, comedian John Oliver responded to the prompt "Things A Frenchman would never say" with "My favourite road, now that's got to be the A303. In many ways it's quicker than the M4, and you get to go past Stonehenge. If you're going along to the West Country it's the A303 for me every time. What a road, what a road!"

References

External links

* Clark, A., 2004, " [http://politics.guardian.co.uk/green/story/0,9061,1360805,00.html Darling to signal roadbuilding rethink] " in "The Guardian", November 27, 2004
* [http://www.highways.gov.uk/roads/projects/3659.aspx Highways Agency - A303 Stonehenge Improvement]
* Department for Transport, 2005, " [http://www.gnn.gov.uk/environment/fullDetail.asp?ReleaseID=175616&NewsAreaID=2&NavigatedFromDepartment=False Way forward announced for A303 Stonehenge review] "
* " [http://www.guardian.co.uk/business/2008/feb/23/tesco.supermarkets Arriving soon at Stonehenge: 480 trucks a day from Tesco's 'megashed'] ", The Guardian, Saturday February 23, 2008
* Clip of A303 in Mock The Week [http://uk.youtube.com/watch?v=fi3xqHEOCCE]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Stonehenge road tunnel — The Stonehenge road tunnel was a controversial tunnel in Wiltshire, England proposed by the Highways Agency to upgrade the A303 road. It would have moved the A303 into a tunnel under the Stonehenge World Heritage Site and close the A344 road.… …   Wikipedia

  • Ruta A303 — La ruta A303 (en inglés: A303 road) es una carretera primaria en Inglaterra. Es la vía más importante entre Basingstoke (Hampshire) y Honiton (Devon). La M3, la A303 y la A30 constituyen las principales rutas entre Londres y Land s End, en el… …   Wikipedia Español

  • A344 road — The A344 is an A road in the English county of Wiltshire. It runs from its junction with the A303 road at Stonehenge north west to its junction with the A360 road, 2 miles away.What remains today of the A344 was once part of a slightly longer… …   Wikipedia

  • A338 road — The A338 is a major trunk road in southern England, that runs from the junction with the A35 at Bournemouth in Dorset to the junction with the A420 at Besselsleigh in Oxfordshire, roughly 92 miles long. Route of RoadThe road begins in central… …   Wikipedia

  • A36 road — UK road routebox road= A36 length mi= length km= direction= South North start= Bath destinations= Warminster end= Southampton construction date= completion date= junctions= The A36 is a trunk road and primary route in England that links the port… …   Wikipedia

  • A30 road — UK road routebox road= A30 length mi= 284 length km= 457 direction= East West start= London destinations= Honiton Exeter Okehampton Launceston Bodmin Redruth Penzance end= Lands End construction date= completion date= junctions= ukroadsmall|303… …   Wikipedia

  • My Resort Hua Hin A303 — (Хуахин,Таиланд) Категория отеля: 3 звездочный отель Адрес: Khao Takieb Hua …   Каталог отелей

  • A38 road — A38 road …   Wikipedia

  • A361 road — Route information Length: 195 mi (314 km) Major junctions …   Wikipedia

  • A46 road — UK road routebox road= A46 length mi= length km= direction= Northeast southwest end= Cleethorpes destinations= Cheltenham Warwick Coventry Leicester Newark on Trent Lincoln start= Bath | construction date= completion date= Newark On Trent Relief… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.