Panoan languages


Panoan languages

Infobox Language family
name=Pánoan
region=southwestern Amazon
familycolor=American
fam1=Pano-Tacanan

Panoan (also Pánoan, Panoano, Panoana, Páno) is a family of languages spoken in Peru, western Brazil, and Bolivia. It is a sub-family of the larger Pano-Tacanan family.

Family division

Panoan consists of 27 languages:

: A. Eastern Panoan:: 1. Kaxararí (a.k.a. Kashararí): B. Culino:: 2. Kulino (a.k.a. Culino) "(†)": C. "Mainline" branch:: i. Cashibo group (a.k.a. Western Panoan)::: 3. Nocamán (a.k.a. Nokamán, Nocomán) "(†)"::: 4. Cashibo (a.k.a. Cacataibo, Kashibo, Cashibo-Cacataibo, Caxibo, Cacibo, Cachibo, Cahivo, Managua, Hagueti):: ii. Pano group::: 5. Pánobo (a.k.a. Panobo, Manoa, Pelado) "(†)"::: 6. Huariapano (a.k.a. Pano, Waripano, Pana, Pelado) "(†)":: iii. Shipibo group::: 7. Shipibo (a.k.a. Shipibo-Conibo, Shipibo-Konibo)::: 8. Capanahua (a.k.a. Kapanawa)::: 9. Marubo (a.k.a. Marobo, Marúbo, Maruba, Marova, Kaniuá)::: 10. Waninnawa (a.k.a. Panoan Katukína, Catuquina, Kamanawa, Kamannaua, Katukina do Juruá, Katukina Pano)::: 11. Remo (a.k.a. Sakuya, Kukini, Rheno) "(†)"::: 12. Tuxinawa (a.k.a. Tushinawa, Tuxináwa, Tuchinaua) "(†)":: iv. Tri-State group (a.k.a. Amawak-Jaminawa, Loos Amawaka-Jaminawa)::: 13. Amahuaca (a.k.a. Amawaka, Amaguaco, Ameuhaque, Ipitineri, Sayaco, Amawáka, Amawaca, Amenguaca, Sayacu)::: 14. Isconahua (a.k.a. Iscobakebo, Iskonawa, Iscobaquebu)::: 15. Cashinahua (a.k.a. Kashinawa, Kaxinawa, Tuxinawa, Kaxinawá, Kaxynawa, Caxinawa, Caxinawá, Cashinahuá, Kaxinauá)::: 16. Sharanawa (a.k.a. Marinahua, Mastanahua, Parquenahua, Sharanahua, Acre Arara, Marináwa, Yora, Yura, Yoranahua, Manu Park Panoan, Nahua)::: 17. Yaminahua (a.k.a. Yaminawa, Jaminawá, Yuminahua, Yamanawa, Jaminawa)::: 18. Atsahuaca (a.k.a. Yamiaca, Atsawaka-Yamiaka) "(†)"::: 19. Parannawa "(†)"::: 20. Puinaua (a.k.a. Poyanawa, Poyanáwa, Poianáua, Puinahua)::: 21. Xipinahua (a.k.a. Shipinawa, Xipináwa, Shipinahua) "(†)": D. Bolivian branch (a.k.a. Southern Panoan):: 22. Karipuna language:: 23. Pacahuara language (a.k.a. Pacaguara, Pakaguara, Pacawara):: 24. Chácobo language (a.k.a. Chákobo):: E. Shaninawa:: 25. Shaninawa (a.k.a. Xaninaua): F. Sensi:: 26. Sensi (a.k.a. Senti, Tenti, Mananahua) "(†)": G. Northern Panoan (a.k.a. Mayoruna):: 27. Mayoruna-Matsés (a.k.a. Matsés, Mayoruna, Matse, Matís, Matis, Majoruna, Maxuruna, Majuruna, Mayiruna, Maxirona, Magirona, Mayuzuna)

Kulino, Nocamán, Pánobo, Huariapano, Remo, Tuxinawa, Atsahuaca, Parannawa, Xipinahua, and Sensi have all become extinct.

Gordon (2005) lists Yora/Parquenahua as a separate while other sources include it as a regional variety of Sharanawa.

Genetic relations

The Panoan family is related to the Tacanan family, which together comprise the Pano-Tacanan family. Some other languages reported in Campbell (1997: 190) have been associated with the Panoan family, but their relationship to Panoan is still undetermined:

* Panavarro
* Purus
* Arazaire
* Cujareno (in Peru)
* Katukina Pano (=Yawanawa ?) (in Brazil)
* Maya (in Brazil)
* Mayo (in Peru ?)
* Morunahua (a.k.a. Morunawa) (in Peru)
* Nukuini (a.k.a. Nuquini) (in Brazil)
* Pisabo (a.k.a. Pisagua, Pisahua) (in Peru)
* Uru-eu (in Brazil)

For more information see also Shell (1975: 14), Miglizza & Campbell (1988: 189-190), Rodrigues (1986: 77-81).

Gordon (2005) lists "Waninnawa" as an alternate name for Panoan Katukína, presumably the same language as Campbell's Katukina Pano. Nukuini is listed as an unclassified language within a South-Central Panoan branch. Pisabo is listed with 513 speakers (and not extinct) and is grouped with Mayoruna-Matsés on a "Northern Panoan" branch. Gordon (2005) also includes the following language as distinct from Katukina Pano/Panoan Katukína:

* Yawanawa (a.k.a. Iauanauá, Jawanaua, Yahuanahua) (in Brazil)

Gordon (2005) includes Shinabo as an extinct language that probably did not exist, the people may have been a sub-group of the Chácobo.

ee also

* Pano-Tacanan languages

External links

* Ethnologue: [http://www.ethnologue.com/show_family.asp?subid=90762 Panoan]
*
* Proel: [http://www.proel.org/mundo/panoan.htm Familia Panoana]

Bibliography

* Campbell, Lyle. (1997). "American Indian languages: The historical linguistics of Native America". New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-509427-1.
* Gordon, Raymond G., Jr. (Ed.). (2005). "Ethnologue: Languages of the world" (15th ed.). Dallas, TX: SIL International. ISBN 1-55671-159-X. (Online version: http://www.ethnologue.com).
* Kaufman, Terrence. (1990). Language history in South America: What we know and how to know more. In D. L. Payne (Ed.), "Amazonian linguistics: Studies in lowland South American languages" (pp. 13-67). Austin: University of Texas Press. ISBN 0-292-70414-3.
* Kaufman, Terrence. (1994). The native languages of South America. In C. Mosley & R. E. Asher (Eds.), "Atlas of the world's languages" (pp. 46-76). London: Routledge.
* Migliazza, Ernest C.; & Campbell, Lyle. (1988). "Panorama general de las lenguas indígenas en América". Historia general de América (Vol. 10). Caracas: Instituto Panamericano de Geografía e Historia.
* Shell, Olive A. (1975). "Las lenguas pano y su reconstrucción". Serie lingüística Peruana (No. 12). Yarinacocha, Peru: Instituto Lingüístico de Verano.
* Rodrigues, Aryon. (1986). "Linguas brasileiras: Para o conhecimento das linguas indígenas". São Paulo: Edições Loyola.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • panoan — I. ˈpänəwən noun ( s) Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: American Spanish Pano + English an : a language family including languages spoken by the Panoan peoples II. adjective …   Useful english dictionary

  • Panoan — /pah noh euhn/, n. a family of South American Indian languages spoken in Peru, Bolivia, and western Brazil. Also, Pano /pah noh/. * * * …   Universalium

  • Pano-Tacanan languages — Tacana redirects here, for the Peruvian region see Tacna Region. Infobox Language family name=Páno Takána region=southern Amazon familycolor=American fam1=Macro Panoan ? child1=Panoan child2=TacananPano Tacanan (also Pano Takana, Pano Takánan,… …   Wikipedia

  • Classification schemes for indigenous languages of the Americas — This article is a list of different language classification proposals developed for indigenous languages of the Americas. The article is divided into North, Central, and South America sections; however, the classifications do not always neatly… …   Wikipedia

  • South American Indian languages — Introduction       group of languages that once covered and today still partially cover all of South America, the Antilles, and Central America to the south of a line from the Gulf of Honduras to the Nicoya Peninsula in Costa Rica. Estimates of… …   Universalium

  • Indigenous languages of the Americas — Yucatec Maya writing in the Dresden Codex, ca. 11–12th century, Chichen Itza Indigenous languages of the Americas are spoken by indigenous peoples from Alaska and Greenland to the southern tip of South America, encompassing the land masses which… …   Wikipedia

  • Matacoan languages — Matákoan Mataguayo Geographic distribution: Amazon Linguistic classification: Mataco–Guaicuru ? Matákoan Subdivisions …   Wikipedia

  • Guaicuruan languages — Infobox Language family name=Guaicuruan altname=Waikurúan region=northern Argentina, western Paraguay, southern Brazil familycolor=American fam1=Mataco Guaicuru ? child1=Kadiweu child2=Southern child3=Eastern Guaicuruan (also Guaykuruan,… …   Wikipedia

  • Yanomaman languages — Infobox Language family name=Yanomaman region=Amazon familycolor=American family=YanomamanYanomaman (also Yanomam, Yanomáman, Yamomámi, Yanomamana, Shamatari, Shirianan) is a small language family of northwestern Brazil (Roraima, Amazonas) and… …   Wikipedia

  • Moseten–Chonan languages — Mosetén–Chon Geographic distribution: southern South America Linguistic classification: Macro Panoan ? Mosetén–Chon Subdivisions: Moseten Chon Mosetén– …   Wikipedia