- Governor of Hong Kong
The Governor of Hong Kong (zh-t|t=香港總督; abbreviated 港督) was the head of the
Hong Kong Government, ex-officio Commander-in-Chiefand Vice-Admiralof the colony during British's rule between 1841 and 1997.
Upon the end of British rule and the handover of Hong Kong to the
People's Republic of Chinain 1997, this office was replaced by the Chief Executive.
The Governor's powers and duties were defined in the Hong Kong
Letters Patentand Royal Instructions. The Governor, appointed by the British monarch (on the advice of the prime minister), maintained executive power in Hong Kong throughout British rule, and with the exception of a brief experiment after World War II, no serious attempt was made to introduce representative government, until the final years of British rule.
The Governor appointed most, if not all, of the members of the colony's legislature the Legislative Council (known colloquially as LegCo), which was largely an advisory body before election was introduced until the first indirect elections of LegCo in 1985, and all members of the Executive Council (ExCo), effectively the
cabinetof the colonial government. Initially both Councils were dominated by British expatriates, although this gave way to more local Hong Kong Chinese appointees in later years. Most recent governors of Hong Kong were professional diplomats, save the last Governor, Chris Patten, who was a career politician. The governor is the president of the Executive Council, and until 1993, the Legislative Council.
At December 1996, The Governor's salary was
HK$3,036,000 per annum, tax-free. It was fixed at 125% of the Chief Secretary's salary. [ [http://www.parliament.the-stationery-office.com/pa/cm199697/cmhansrd/vo961217/text/61217w03.htm House of Commons Hansard Written Answers for 17 Dec 1996 (pt 3) ] ]
In the absence of the Governor, the
Colonial Secretarywas the acting Governor of the colony. Most were from the British Colonial Officeor British Armyofficers. One Royal NavyVice Admiral has served as administrator after World War II. Four Japanese military officers (3 army officers and 1 naval vice admiral) served as administrator during World War II.
The Governor of Hong Kong used a
Daimler DS420for day to day transport and a Rolls-Royce Phantom V landaulettefor ceremonial occasions. Both vehicles were removed by the Royal Navyimmediately following the handover to Chinaon 1 July 1997.
Residences of the governors
* The first governor, Sir
Henry Pottingerresided in the Former French Mission Buildingfrom 1843 to 1846. The building now houses the Hong Kong Court of Final Appeal. His successor, John Francis Davisalso lived there for a while, before moving to Caine Road.
* From the 4th governor (
Sir John Bowring) until the last one ( Chris Patten), governors resided at Government House.
Hong Kong had 28 governors, and 9 administrators:
History of Hong Kong
Chief Executive of Hong Kong
[http://images.google.com.my/imgres?imgurl=http://www.britishempire.co.uk/images2/hongkonghennessyhead.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.britishempire.co.uk/maproom/hongkonggovernors.htm&h=80&w=80&sz=7&hl=en&start=5&um=1&tbnid=jYnTUjITo0fOjM:&tbnh=74&tbnw=74&prev=/images%3Fq%3DSir%2BGeorge%2BBonham%2Bof%2Bhong%2Bkong%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den Hong Kong Governors]
* [http://www.hk-place.com/view.php?id=115 Places named after British monarchs, members of the Royal Family and colonial officials in Hong Kong]
* [http://www.fushantang.com/1006/f1012.html Photos of all Hong Kong Governors]
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