Chelmsford (UK Parliament constituency)


Chelmsford (UK Parliament constituency)
Chelmsford
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Chelmsford in Essex.
Outline map
Location of Essex within England.
County Essex
Electorate 77,835 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 2010 (2010)
Member of Parliament Simon Burns (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from West Chelmsford, Maldon & East Chelmsford
1885 (1885)1997 (1997)
Replaced by West Chelmsford, Maldon and Chelmsford East, Rayleigh
Created from West Essex
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency East of England

Chelmsford is a parliamentary constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. From the 2010 general election it has elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

A previous Chelmsford constituency existed from 1885 to 1997.

Contents

Boundaries

Following their review of parliamentary representation in Essex, the Boundary Commission for England created a new Chelmsford constituency.

A majority of the electorate for this new constituency come from the previous West Chelmsford constituency. A smaller element (around Great Baddow) comes from the Maldon & East Chelmsford constituency

The constituency is contained entirely within the Borough of Chelmsford though it is not coterminous with it. Wards from the borough will also comprise parts of the Maldon and Saffron Walden constituencies.

It contains the following wards from the Borough of Chelmsford:

Chelmer Village and Beaulieu Park, Galleywood, Goat Hall, Great Baddow East, Great Baddow West, Marconi, Moulsham and Central, Moulsham Lodge, Patching Hall, St Andrews, Springfield North, The Lawns, Trinity, Waterhouse Farm and Writtle

At its first contest in 2010, the seat was closely fought by the Conservatives and the Liberal Democrats, who finished less than 10% apart, with Conservative candidate Simon Burns (the former MP for West Chelmsford) being elected. Labour polled 11%, despite having been only around 100 votes behind the Liberal Democrats in West Chelmsford in 2005, and even taking second place in 2001.

The previous Chelmsford constituency that existed before 1997 was often closely fought between the (then) Liberal party and the Conservatives, with the latter often winning by only small margins, even when they won the election nationally.

History

Chelmsford in Essex, showing boundaries used from 1918 to 1945.
Chelmsford in Essex, showing boundaries used from 1945 to 1950.

Chelmsford had its own constituency from 1885 until its abolition in 1997.

Under the proposals of the Boundary Commission for England the constituency was recreated for the 2010 general election.

Members of Parliament

MPs 1885–1997

Election Member [2] Party
1885 William James Beadel Conservative
1892 by-election Thomas Usborne Conservative
1900 Sir Carne Rasch, Bt Conservative
1908 by-election E. G. Pretyman Conservative
1918 Coalition Conservative
1922 Conservative
1923 Sydney Walter Robinson Liberal
1924 Sir Henry Honywood Curtis-Bennett Conservative
1926 by-election Charles Kenneth Howard-Bury Conservative
1931 Sir Vivian Leonard Henderson Conservative
1935 John Macnamara Conservative
1945 by-election Ernest Millington Common Wealth
1946 Labour
1950 Sir Hubert Ashton Conservative
1964 Norman St John-Stevas Conservative
1987 Simon Burns Conservative
1997 constituency abolished - see West Chelmsford,
Maldon and Chelmsford East, Rayleigh

MPs since 2010

Election Member [2] Party
2010 Simon Burns Conservative

Elections

Elections in the 2010s

General Election 2010: Chelmsford[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Simon Burns* 25,207 46.2 +6.7
Liberal Democrat Stephen Robinson 20,097 36.8 +6.6
Labour Peter Dixon 5,980 11.0 -16.0
UKIP Ken Wedon 1,527 2.8 -0.6
BNP Michael Richard Bateman 899 1.6 +1.6
Green Angela Thomson 476 0.9 +0.9
English Democrats Claire Breed 254 0.5 +0.3
Reduce Tax On Beer Ben Sherman 153 0.3 +0.3
Majority 5,110 9.4
Turnout 54,593 70.4 +9.3
Conservative hold Swing
* Served in the 2005–2010 Parliament as MP for West Chelmsford

Elections in the 1990s

General Election 1992: Chelmsford[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Simon Burns 39,043 55.3 +3.4
Liberal Democrat HP Nicholson 20,783 29.4 −11.1
Labour Dr. RK Chad 10,010 14.2 +7.3
Green Ms. EJ Burgess 769 1.1 +0.4
Majority 18,260 25.9 +14.4
Turnout 70,605 84.6 +2.5
Conservative hold Swing +7.2

Elections in the 1980s

General Election 1987: Chelmsford
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Simon Burns 35,231 51.9 +4.3
Liberal Stuart Mole 27,470 40.5 -6.5
Labour Clive Playford 4,642 6.8 +1.7
Green A C Slade 486 0.7 +0.7
Majority 7,761 11.4 +10.8
Turnout 67,829 82.2 +2.8
Conservative hold Swing +5.4
General Election 1983: Chelmsford
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Norman St John-Stevas 29,824 47.6 -2.0
Liberal Stuart Mole 29,446 47.0 +5.5
Labour Clive Playford 3,208 5.1 -3.8
Independent P D P Waite 127 0.2 +0.2
Majority 378 0.6 -9.3
Turnout 62,605 79.4 -4.5
Conservative hold Swing -4.7

Elections in the 1970s

General Election 1979: Chelmsford
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Norman St John-Stevas 33,560 49.6 +8.0
Liberal Stuart Mole 28,337 41.5 +6.3
Labour S A Reeves 6,041 8.9 -14.3
Majority 5,471 8.1 +2.5
Turnout 68,186 81.0 +1.8
Conservative hold Swing +0.9
General Election October 1974: Chelmsford
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Norman St John-Stevas 26,334 41.6 -1.3
Liberal Stuart Mole 22,332 35.2 +2.2
Labour J T Acklaw 14,711 23.2 -0.9
Majority 4,002 6.4 -3.5
Turnout 66,377 79.2 -4.7
Conservative hold Swing -1.8
General Election February 1974: Chelmsford
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Norman St John-Stevas 28,560 42.9
Liberal Stuart Mole 21,929 33.0
Labour Frances Morrell 16,063 24.1
Majority 6,631 9.9
Turnout 66,552 83.9
Conservative hold Swing

Boundary changes

Preceded by
Constituency created
UK Parliament constituency
Chelmsford (West), Writtle

1885 – 1997
Succeeded by
Chelmsford West
UK Parliament constituency
Chelmsford (East), Great Baddow, Danbury

1885 – 1997
Succeeded by
Maldon and Chelmsford East
UK Parliament constituency
Ingatestone

1885 – 1974
Succeeded by
Brentwood and Ongar
UK Parliament constituency
Ongar

1885 – 1955
Succeeded by
Chigwell
UK Parliament constituency
Brentwood

1885 – 1950
Succeeded by
Romford

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. http://www.boundarycommissionforengland.org.uk/electoral-figures/electoral-figures.htm. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ a b Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 3)
  3. ^ Chelmsford, UKPollingReport
  4. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. http://www.politicsresources.net/area/uk/ge92/i05.htm. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 

Sources

  • F. W. S. Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1974 - 1983
  • The Times Guide to the House of Commons 1983, 1987 & 1992

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.