- Eastern Rumelia
Infobox Former Subdivision
native_name = Източна Румелия
conventional_long_name = Eastern Rumelia
common_name = Eastern Rumelia
status = Autonomous province
nation = the
status_text = Autonomous province of the
(Under Bulgarian control from 1885)
event_start = Treaty of Berlin
year_start = 1878
date_start = July 13
event_end = Incorporated into Bulgaria
year_end = 1908
date_end = October 5
event1 = Annexation to Bulgaria
date_event1 = September 18, 1885
event2 = Restored to Ottoman sovereignty
date_event2 = April 17, 1886
p1 = Ottoman Empire
flag_p1 = Ottoman Flag.svg
s1 = Kingdom of Bulgaria
flag_s1 = Flag of Bulgaria (1878-1944).svg
image_map_caption = Eastern Rumelia compared to the Bulgarian borders per the preliminary
treaty of San Stefano.
Eastern Rumelia or Eastern Roumelia ( _bg. Източна Румелия, "Iztochna Rumeliya"; Ottoman Turkish: "Rumeli-i Şarkî"; Modern Turkish: "Doğu Rumeli", _el. Ανατολική Ρωμυλία, "Anatoliki Romylia") was an autonomous province (vilayet) in the
Ottoman Empirefrom 1878 to 1908, however it was under Bulgarian control from 1885. The capital was Plovdiv(Filibe). Today, Bulgaria's share of Rumelia, i.e. Southern Bulgariabar the southwestern regions. has a population of more than 2.5 million.
Eastern Rumelia was created as an autonomous province within the Ottoman Empire by the Treaty of Berlin in 1878. It encompassed the territory between the
Balkan Mountains, the Rhodope Mountainsand Strandzha, a region known to all its inhabitantsmdash Bulgarians, Greeksand Ottoman Turksmdashas Northern Thrace. The artificial name, Eastern Rumelia, was given to the province on the insistence of the British delegates to the Congress of Berlin: the Ottoman notion of " Rumelia" refers to all European regions of the empire, i.e. those that were in Antiquity under the Roman Empire. Some twenty Pomak (Bulgarian Muslim) villages in the Rhodope Mountains refused to recognize Eastern Rumelian authority and formed the so-called " Republic of Tamrash".
According to the Treaty of Berlin, Eastern Rumelia was to remain under the political and military jurisdiction of the Ottoman Empire with significant administrative autonomy (Article 13). The head of the province was a Christian
Governor-Generalappointed by the Sublime Portewith the approval of the Great Powers.
The predominantly Bulgarian character of Eastern Rumelia is well evidenced by the outcome of the first Regional Assembly elections of
17 October 1879. Of the 36 elected deputies, 31 were Bulgarians (86.1%), 3 were Greeks (8.3%) and 2 were Turks (5.6%). [Делев, "Княжество България и Източна Румелия", "История и цивилизация за 11. клас".]
The province is remembered today by philatelists for having issued
postage stamps from 1880 on. See the main article, Postage stamps and postal history of Eastern Rumelia.
The first Governor-General was the Bulgarian prince
Alexander Bogoridi(1879–1884) who was acceptable to both Bulgarians and Greeks in the province. The second Governor-General was Gavril Krastevich(1884–1885), a famous Bulgarian historian. Before the first Governor-General, Arkady Stolypinwas the Russian Civil Administrator from 9 October 1878to 18 May 1879.
During the period of Bulgarian annexation
Georgi Stranskiwas appointed as a "Commissioner for South Bugaria" ( 9 September 1885- 5 April 1886), and when the province was restored to nominal Ottoman sovereignty, but still under Bulgarian control, the Prince of Bulgaria was recognized by the Sublime Porte as the Governor-General.
Alexander Bogoridi"Aleko Pasha" ( 18 May 1879- 26 April 1884)
Gavril Krastevich"Gavril Pasha" ( 26 April 1884- 18 September 1885)
*The Prince of Bulgaria (
17 April 1886- 5 October 1908)
**Alexander of Bulgaria (
17 April 1886- 7 September 1886)
Ferdinand I of Bulgaria( 7 July 1886- 5 October 1908)
Unification with Bulgaria
After a bloodless revolution on
6 September 1885, the province was annexed by the tributary Principality of Bulgaria. After the Bulgarian victory in the subsequent Serbo-Bulgarian War, the "status quo" was recognized by the Porte with the Tophane Actof 24 March 1886. With the Tophane Act, Sultan Abdülhamid IIappointed the Prince of Bulgaria (without mentioning the name of the incumbent prince Alexander of Bulgaria) as Governor-General of Eastern Rumelia. The Pomak Republic was reincorporated in the Ottoman Empire. The province was nominally under Ottoman rule until Bulgaria became "de jure" independent in 1908. 6 September, Unification Day, is a national holiday in Bulgaria.
The Greek population of the region was largely exchanged in the aftermath of the
Balkan Warsand World War II. Several thousand Bulgarians of Greek descent still inhabit the region, as do the Sarakatsani transhumantshepherds.
* cite book
title = История и цивилизация за 11. клас
last = Делев
first = Петър
coauthors = Валери Кацунов, Пламен Митев, Евгения Калинова, Искра Баева, Боян Добрев
year = 2006
language = Bulgarian
publisher = Труд, Сирма
* [http://terkepek.adatbank.transindex.ro/kepek/netre/70.gifMap] , [http://terkepek.adatbank.transindex.ro/kepek/netre/95.gifmap] , [http://terkepek.adatbank.transindex.ro/kepek/netre/102.gifmap]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Eastern Rumelia — geographical name region S Bulgaria including Rhodope Mountains & the Maritsa valley … New Collegiate Dictionary
Postage stamps and postal history of Eastern Rumelia — Eastern Rumelia or Eastern Roumelia was an autonomous province (vilayet) in the Ottoman Empire from 1878 to 1908; however it was under Bulgarian control from 1885 (see Bulgarian unification). The province is remembered today by philatelists for… … Wikipedia
Rumelia — [ro͞o mē′lē ə, ro͞omēl′yə] former Turkish possessions in the Balkan Peninsula, including Macedonia, Thrace, & an autonomous province (Eastern Rumelia) that was annexed to Bulgaria in 1885 … English World dictionary
Rumelia — Map of Rumelia as of 1801. Rumelia (Turkish Albanian: Rumeli; Greek: Ρωμυλία, Romylía, or Ρούμελη, Roúmeli; Bosnian Serbian: Rumelija; Bulgarian: Румелия, Rumeliya; Macedonian … Wikipedia
Rumelia — /rooh mee lee euh, meel yeuh/, n. 1. a division of the former Turkish Empire, in the Balkan Peninsula: included Albania, Macedonia, and Thrace. 2. Eastern, a former autonomous province within this division: later became S Bulgaria. Also, Roumelia … Universalium
Eastern Question — The Eastern Question , in European history, encompasses the diplomatic and political problems posed by the decay of the Ottoman Empire. The expression does not apply to any one particular problem, but instead includes a variety of issues raised… … Wikipedia
Rumelia — /ruˈmiliə/ (say rooh meeleeuh) noun 1. the European division of the former Turkish Empire, in the Balkan Peninsula; it included Albania, Macedonia, and Thrace. 2. Eastern Rumelia, a former autonomous province within this division, which later… … Australian English dictionary
Rumelia — /rooh mee lee euh, meel yeuh/, n. 1. a division of the former Turkish Empire, in the Balkan Peninsula: included Albania, Macedonia, and Thrace. 2. Eastern, a former autonomous province within this division: later became S Bulgaria. Also, Roumelia … Useful english dictionary
Bulgarian unification — The Unification of Bulgaria ( bg. Съединение на България, Saedinenie na Balgariya ) was the act of unification of the Principality of Bulgaria and the then Ottoman province of Eastern Rumelia in the autumn of 1885. It was co ordinated by the… … Wikipedia
Plovdiv — Пловдив … Wikipedia