- Memory distrust syndrome
Memory distrust syndrome is a term coined by Gísli Guðjónsson and James MacKeith in 1982, to describe those who distrust their own memories and are motivated to rely on external (non-self) sources to verify the accuracy of memories.
Memory distrust syndrome is associated with source amnesia, which prohibits full recollection of how one acquired a specific memory. Additionally, memory distrust syndrome involves confusion concerning the content or context of events, a highly attributable factor to confabulation in brain disease.
The overwhelming propensity to accept information from external sources (i.e. an interrogator) based on the influence of susceptibility has led to well documented false confessions. In addition, the credibility of a witness account who suffers from memory distrust syndrome is more questionable. In a parallel situation, amnesic individuals may have a greater propensity to have their memory manipulated and perhaps perform non-advantageous acts on the "direction" of external sources and have difficulty in differentiating imaginary and real experiences. Since the criminal law system considers source amnesia pathology to be an identified and natural occurrence, psychiatrists should increasingly take assessment and identification measures to isolate such a disorder in accused individuals and eye-witnesses.
- Lakhan, Shaheen. "Neuropsychological Generation of Source Amnesia: An Episodic Memory Disorder of the Frontal Brain". Journal of Medical and Biological Sciences (Scientific Journals International) 1 (1). http://www.scientificjournals.org/journals2007/articles/1038.htm.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
См. также в других словарях:
Amnesia — Infobox Disease Name = Amnesia | Caption = DiseasesDB = ICD10 = ICD10|R|41|3|r|40 ICD9 = ICD9|780.9, ICD9|780.93 ICDO = OMIM = MedlinePlus = eMedicineSubj = eMedicineTopic = MeshID = D000647 Amnesia (from Greek polytonic|Ἀμνησία ) is a condition… … Wikipedia
Source amnesia — is an explicit memory disorder in which someone can recall certain information, but not where or how it was obtained.Process ExperimentationThe disorder is particularly episodic, where source or contextual information surrounding facts are… … Wikipedia
Gísli Guðjónsson — is [http://www.expertsearch.co.uk/cgi bin/find expert?2288 Professor of Forensic Psychology ] at the Institute of Psychiatry, King s College London. He is an internationally renowned authority on suggestibility and false confessions whose expert… … Wikipedia
List of common misconceptions — This incomplete list is not intended to be exhaustive. This is a list of current, widely held, false ideas and beliefs about notable topics which have been reported by reliable sources from around the world. Each has been discussed in published… … Wikipedia
education — /ej oo kay sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or process of imparting or acquiring general knowledge, developing the powers of reasoning and judgment, and generally of preparing oneself or others intellectually for mature life. 2. the act or process of… … Universalium
Italy — /it l ee/, n. a republic in S Europe, comprising a peninsula S of the Alps, and Sicily, Sardinia, Elba, and other smaller islands: a kingdom 1870 1946. 57,534,088; 116,294 sq. mi. (301,200 sq. km). Cap.: Rome. Italian, Italia. * * * Italy… … Universalium
china — /chuy neuh/, n. 1. a translucent ceramic material, biscuit fired at a high temperature, its glaze fired at a low temperature. 2. any porcelain ware. 3. plates, cups, saucers, etc., collectively. 4. figurines made of porcelain or ceramic material … Universalium
China — /chuy neuh/, n. 1. People s Republic of, a country in E Asia. 1,221,591,778; 3,691,502 sq. mi. (9,560,990 sq. km). Cap.: Beijing. 2. Republic of. Also called Nationalist China. a republic consisting mainly of the island of Taiwan off the SE coast … Universalium
Persona -trinity soul- — Infobox animanga/Header name = Persona trinity soul caption = ja name = ペルソナ 〜トリニティ・ソウル〜 ja name trans = Perusona Toriniti Sōru genre = Mystery, SupernaturalInfobox animanga/Anime title = director = Jun Matsumoto writer = Yasayuki Mutō studio = A … Wikipedia
Persona: Trinity Soul — ペルソナ 〜トリニティ・ソウル〜 (Perusona Toriniti Sōru ) Genre Mystery … Wikipedia