León, Nicaragua


León, Nicaragua

León is the second largest city in Nicaragua, after Managua. It was founded by the Spaniards as Santiago de los Caballeros de León and rivals Granada, Nicaragua, in the number of historic spanish colonial homes and churches. As of 2005, the city had an estimated population of about 175,000 people which increases sharply during university season with many students coming from other Nicaraguan provinces. It is the capital and municipality of the León department.

León is located along the Río Chiquito "(Chiquito River)", some 50 miles northwest of Managua, and some 11 miles east of the Pacific Ocean coast. The drive from Managua takes less than 90 minutes. Although less populous than Managua, León has long been the intellectual center of the nation, with its university founded in 1813. León is also an important industrial, agricultural (sugar cane, cattle, peanut, plantane, sorghum) and commercial center for Nicaragua.

History

Infobox World Heritage Site
WHS = Ruins of León Viejo


State Party = NIC
Type = Cultural
Criteria = iii,iv
ID = 613
Region = Latin America and the Caribbean
Year = 2000
Session = 24th
Link = http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/613
The first city named León in Nicaragua was established in 1524 by Francisco Hernández de Córdoba about 20 miles east of the present site. The city was abandoned in 1610, after an eruption of the Momotombo volcano, located only a couple miles away, which left extensive damage in the form of flooding from Lake Managua. The inhabitants decided to move to its current location next to the Indigenous town of "Subtiava". The ruins of the abandoned city are known as "León Viejo" and were excavated in 1960. In the year 2000, León Viejo was declared an UNESCO World Heritage Site.

León has fine examples of Spanish Colonial architecture, including the grand Cathedral of the Assumption, built from 1706 to 1740, with two towers added in 1746 and 1779.

When Nicaragua withdrew from the United Provinces of Central America in 1839, León became the capital of the new nation of Nicaragua. For some years the capital shifted back and forth between León and Granada, Nicaragua, with Liberal regimes preferring León and Conservative ones Granada, until as a compromise Managua was agreed upon to be the permanent capital in 1858.

In 1950 the city of León had a population of 31,000 people. Nicaraguan President Anastasio Somoza García was shot and mortally wounded in the city on September 21, 1956.

The building of El museo de tradiciones y leyendas was once the infamous XXI jail before the 1979 revolution. There are also several political murals around the city.

Gallery



Twin Cities

*flagicon|Germany Hamburg, Germany
*flagicon|UK Oxford, England, United Kingdom
*flagicon|USA Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, USA
*flagicon|USA New Haven, Connecticut, USA
*flagicon|Netherlands Utrecht, Netherlands
*flagicon|Sweden Lund, Sweden
* Alicante, Spain

ee also

External links

* [http://www.vianica.com/visit/leon Leon: hotels, restaurants, activities, photos]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Leon (Nicaragua) — León (Nicaragua) León Pays      Nicaragua Département León …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Leon (Nicaragua) — 12.429444444444 86.8857Koordinaten: 12° 26′ N, 86° 53′ W …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • León (Nicaragua) — Para otros usos de este término, véase León (desambiguación). León (Nicaragua) Municipio de Nicaragua …   Wikipedia Español

  • León (Nicaragua) — 12.429444444444 86.885 Koordinaten: 12° 26′ N, 86° 53′ W León …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • León (Nicaragua) — León Santiago de los Caballeros de León Héraldique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • León (Nicaragua) — León es una ciudad de Nicaragua, país de América Central, con 163.000 habitantes (2003), ubicada en la latitud 12,43° Norte y en la longitud 86,89° oeste. El nombre completo de la ciudad desde la época colonial es León Santiago de los Caballeros …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Catedral de León (Nicaragua) — Para la catedral en León, España, véase Catedral de León. Catedral de León …   Wikipedia Español

  • Cathédrale de León (Nicaragua) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Cathédrale de León. Cathédrale de León Présentation …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Diócesis de León (Nicaragua) — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda La Diócesis de León en Nicaragua (erigida el 3 de noviembre de 1534) es una diocesis sufragánea de la Arquidiócesis de Managua. Contenido 1 Ordinarios 2 Perdidas de territorios …   Wikipedia Español

  • Leon — Léon Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Léon est un nom propre qui peut désigner une personne ou un lieu : Sommaire 1 Noms de lieux 1.1  France …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.