- State vector (geographical)
A geographical state vector is a set of data describing exactly where an object is located in space, and how it is moving. From a state vector, the object's current and future position can be determined.
A geographical state vector typically will contain seven elements: three
positioncoordinates, three velocityterms, and the timeat which these values were valid.
A state vector may be expressed in a variety of coordinate systems. Selection of a coordinate system depends on what makes sense for the problem being solved. In
aviation, a state vector may be expressed in the North, East, Down coordinate system, where North position is expressed as a latitude, East position as a longitude, and Down represents the inverse of altitude. ("Down" is used instead of "Up" to conform to the right-hand rule. The velocity components of the state vector would be North velocity, East velocity, and vertical speed.
* [http://science.nasa.gov/Realtime/rocket_sci/orbmech/state/state.html State vector as applied to orbital mechanics]
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