Gulfstream G100

Gulfstream G100

infobox Aircraft
name = Gulfstream G100
type = Business jet
manufacturer = Gulfstream Aerospace




caption = An Astra SPX (later called the Gulfstream G100) in Düsseldorf, Germany
designer =
first flight =
introduced =
retired =
status = Active service
primary user = United States Air Force
more users =
produced =
number built =
unit cost =
developed from = IAI Astra
variants with their own articles =

The Gulfstream G100, formerly known as the Astra SPX, is an Israel Aircraft Industries-manufactured twin-engine business jet, now produced for Gulfstream Aerospace. The United States Air Force designation for the G100 is C-38 Courier.

Design and development

Astra evolved from the Rockwell Jet Commander aircraft, for which IAI had purchased the manufacturing license in 1968, and the IAI Westwind. Astra later evolved into the Galaxy (later the Gulfstream G200) business jet during the 1990s.

Work on an improved Westwind began in the early 1980s, with the first prototype flight on March 19, 1984. The first production Astra flew in March 1985, FAA certification came in August 1985 and customer deliveries started in 1986.

The original 1125 Astra was replaced in by the Astra SP, announced in 1989 of which 37 were built. The third variant, Astra SPX, flew in August 1994. This variant was renamed G100 from September 2002 following Gulfstream's acquisition of Galaxy Aerospace, which held the Astra certifications, in May 2001. IAI builds G100s in Israel and then flies the completed airframes the United states for interior outfitting.

In September 2002 Gulfstream announced the improved G150, based on the G100. This new variant was due in 2005.

The C-38 Courier is currently in use by the United States Air Force with the 201st Airlift Squadron at Andrews Air Force Base in Maryland. The C-38 has replaced the earlier C-21 Learjet. The C-38 differs from the standard Gulfstream G100, featuring US military-grade GPS, Tactical Air Navigation, UHF and VHF secure command radio, and Identification friend or foe system.Fact|date=September 2008

Operators

;USA
* United States Air Force

pecifications (G100)

aircraft specifications
plane or copter?=plane
jet or prop?=jet
ref=
crew=
capacity=
payload main=3,291 lb
payload alt=1,496 kg
length main= 55 ft 7 in
length alt= 16.96 m
span main= 54 ft 7 in
span alt= 16.64 m
height main= 18 ft 2 in
height alt= 5.54 m
area main=
area alt=
airfoil=
empty weight main= 14,400 lb
empty weight alt= 6,531 kg
loaded weight main= 24,800 lb
loaded weight alt= 11,249 kg
useful load main= 885 lb
useful load alt= 401 kg
max takeoff weight main= 24,650 lb
max takeoff weight alt= 11,181 kg
more general=
engine (jet)=Honeywell TFE731-40R-200G
type of jet=turbofans
number of jets=2
thrust main= 4,250 lbs
thrust alt=
thrust original=
afterburning thrust main=
afterburning thrust alt=
max speed main= 472 kts
max speed alt=
cruise speed main= 460 kts
cruise speed alt=
stall speed main=
stall speed alt=
never exceed speed main= Mach .875
never exceed speed alt=
range main= 2,700 / 2,950 mi (IFR/VFR)
range alt= 5,465 / 6,034 km
ceiling main= 45,000 ft
ceiling alt= 13,716 m
climb rate main=
climb rate alt=
loading main=
loading alt=
thrust/weight=
power/mass main=
power/mass alt=
more performance=
* Fuel capacity: 9,365 lb (4,247 kg)
* Price: US$ 11,750,000
armament=
avionics=

ee also

aircontent
related=
* IAI Astra
* Gulfstream G200
similar aircraft=
lists=
see also=

References

External links

* [http://www.gulfstream.com/g150/ G150 Web Site]
* [http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/systems/aircraft/c-38.htm Globalsecurity.org]
* [http://www.flightglobal.com/Articles/2006/02/28/205152/Gulfstream+G150+Space+Machine.html G150 Flight Test]
* [http://www.airliners.net/info/stats.main?id=224 airliners.net: data & photos]


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