Jacob, Margrave of Baden-Baden

Jacob, Margrave of Baden-Baden

Jacob I of Baden (15 March 1407, Hachberg–13 October 1453, Mühlburg), was Margrave of Baden-Baden from 1431 to 1453.

He was the elder son of Bernard I, Margrave of Baden-Baden and Anna von Oettingen. Jacob I was a man of deep religious beliefs, well-known as a founder of churches. He founded the monastery at Fremersberg and was a major benefactor of the Stiftskirche at Baden-Baden.

According his father's precepts, only two of his sons were to be considered heirs of the margravate. Therefore only Karl and Bernhard received a secular education; the other children had a strict religious upbringing. Georg, after making a religious profession in his youth, returned briefly to the world, but in 1454 reverted to holy orders and later became Bishop of Metz.

Jacob I was the opposite of his father; Enea Silvio de Piccolomini (Pope Pius II) characterized him as "famous among the Germans for his justice and intelligence".

In his early years he was ruler of the family possessions in Hohenberg, until at the age of 24 he succeeded to the government of Baden. He was described as a pugnacious knight and a frugal father of the state and was popular among the princes as a mediator. Both Emperor Sigismund and Emperor Frederick III, under whom he served, thought highly of him.

When as the result of a miscarriage his sister Agnes fled in the middle of a conflict about inheritance, the Margrave lost his claim to the Duchy of Schleswig. He was so angry that he confined Agnes for the rest of her life in the castle of Alt-Eberstein. (The incident is remembered as the "Double Disaster of Gottorf").

When in 1427 the Treaty of Sponheim came into force, he gained possessions on the Moselle. In 1442 he bought for 30,000 guilders from the descendants of Walter von Geroldseck half the lordship of Lahr and Mahlberg.

Family and children

He married 25 July 1422 Catherine of Lorraine, daughter of Charles II, Duke of Lorraine and Margaret of the Palatinate. They had the following children:
# Charles I, Margrave of Baden-Baden (d. 24 February 1475, Pforzheim).
# Bernard II, Margrave of Baden-Baden (later beatified) (1428–12 July 1458, Moncalieri).
# Johann (1430–9 February 1503, Ehrenbreitstein), Archbishop of Trier.
# George (1433–11 February 1484, Moyen), Bishop of Metz.
# Markus (1434–1 September 1478), abbot in Liège.
# Margarete (1431–24 October 1457, Ansbach), married 1446 to Albert III, Margrave of Brandenburg.
# Matilde (d. 1485), Abbess of Trier.

He also had an illegitimate son, Rudolf of Baden.

ee also

*List of rulers of Baden

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Maximilian, Margrave of Baden — Maximilian of Baden Pretender Born 3 July 1933 (1933 07 03) (age 78) Salem, Bodensee Title(s) Margrave of Baden Throne(s) claimed …   Wikipedia

  • Charles I, Margrave of Baden-Baden — Charles I of Baden (d. 24 February 1475, Pforzheim) was a Margrave of Baden Baden during 1454 1475. Charles was the elder son of Jacob, Margrave of Baden Baden and his wife Catherine, daughter of Charles II, Duke of Lorraine. In 1462 he began the …   Wikipedia

  • Bernard I, Margrave of Baden-Baden — Bernard I of Baden (1364 ndash;5 April 1431, Baden) was Margrave of Baden Baden from 1391 to 1431.LifeHe was the elder son of Rudolf VI and Matilde of Sponheim. He and his brother Rudolf VII concluded an inheritance contract in 1380, according to …   Wikipedia

  • Charles II, Margrave of Baden-Durlach — Spouse(s) Kunigunde of Brandenburg Kulmbach Anna of Veldenz Noble family …   Wikipedia

  • Margaret of Baden — Margarete of Baden Spouse(s) Albert III Achilles, Elector of Brandenburg Noble family House of Zähringen Father Jacob, Margrave of Baden Baden Mother Catherine of Lorraine Born 1431 …   Wikipedia

  • Jakob I von Baden — Jacques Ier de Bade Jacques Ier de Bade (Jakob I von Baden), né le 14 mars 1407 à Hachberg, décédé le 13 octobre 1453 à Mühlburg, est margrave de Bade de 1431 à 1453. Sommaire 1 Famille 2 Biographie 3 Liens …   Wikipédia en Français

  • List of rulers of Baden — See also: List of consorts of Baden Baden was a state of the Holy Roman Empire and later one of the German states along the frontier with France primarily consisting of territory along the right bank of the Rhine opposite Alsace and the… …   Wikipedia

  • List of consorts of Baden — See also: List of rulers of Baden Contents 1 Margravine of Baden (Incomplete) 2 Baden Divided 2.1 Margravine of Baden Baden, 1190 1335 …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Baden — Charles Frederick Charles Frederick of Baden, painting by Johann Ludwig Kisling, 1806/1807. Reign 12 May 1738 10 June 1811 ( 1000000000000007300000073 years, 1000000000000002900000029 days) …   Wikipedia

  • List of consorts of Brandenburg — See also: List of rulers of Brandenburg Contents 1 Margravine of the Nordmark, 965–1157 2 Margravine of Brandenburg, 1157–1356 3 Electress of Brandenburg, 1356–1806 …   Wikipedia