- Jacob, Margrave of Baden-Baden
Jacob I of Baden (
15 March 1407, Hachberg– 13 October 1453, Mühlburg), was Margrave of Baden-Baden from 1431 to 1453.
He was the elder son of
Bernard I, Margrave of Baden-Badenand Anna von Oettingen. Jacob I was a man of deep religious beliefs, well-known as a founder of churches. He founded the monastery at Fremersbergand was a major benefactor of the Stiftskircheat Baden-Baden.
According his father's precepts, only two of his sons were to be considered heirs of the margravate. Therefore only Karl and Bernhard received a secular education; the other children had a strict religious upbringing. Georg, after making a religious profession in his youth, returned briefly to the world, but in 1454 reverted to holy orders and later became Bishop of Metz.
Jacob I was the opposite of his father; Enea Silvio de Piccolomini (Pope Pius II) characterized him as "famous among the Germans for his justice and intelligence".
In his early years he was ruler of the family possessions in
Hohenberg, until at the age of 24 he succeeded to the government of Baden. He was described as a pugnacious knightand a frugal father of the state and was popular among the princes as a mediator. Both Emperor Sigismund and Emperor Frederick III, under whom he served, thought highly of him.
When as the result of a miscarriage his sister Agnes fled in the middle of a conflict about inheritance, the Margrave lost his claim to the Duchy of
Schleswig. He was so angry that he confined Agnes for the rest of her life in the castle of Alt-Eberstein. (The incident is remembered as the "Double Disaster of Gottorf").
When in 1427 the
Treaty of Sponheimcame into force, he gained possessions on the Moselle. In 1442 he bought for 30,000 guildersfrom the descendants of Walter von Geroldseckhalf the lordship of Lahrand Mahlberg.
Family and children
25 July 1422 Catherine of Lorraine, daughter of Charles II, Duke of Lorraineand Margaret of the Palatinate. They had the following children:
Charles I, Margrave of Baden-Baden(d. 24 February 1475, Pforzheim).
Bernard II, Margrave of Baden-Baden(later beatified) (1428– 12 July 1458, Moncalieri).
# Johann (1430–
9 February 1503, Ehrenbreitstein), Archbishop of Trier.
# George (1433–
11 February 1484, Moyen), Bishop of Metz.
# Markus (1434–
1 September 1478), abbot in Liège.
# Margarete (1431–
24 October 1457, Ansbach), married 1446 to Albert III, Margrave of Brandenburg.
# Matilde (d. 1485), Abbess of
He also had an illegitimate son, Rudolf of Baden.
List of rulers of Baden
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