Marie of Prussia

Marie of Prussia
Marie of Prussia
Portrait by Joseph Karl Stieler, oil on canvas, 1843, Gallery of Beauties, Nymphenburg Palace
Queen consort of Bavaria
Tenure 28 March 1848 – 10 March 1864
Spouse King Maximilian II of Bavaria
House House of Hohenzollern
House of Wittelsbach
Father Prince Wilhelm of Prussia
Mother Princess Marie Anna of Hesse-Homburg
Born October 15, 1825(1825-10-15)
Berlin City Palace
Died May 17, 1889(1889-05-17) (aged 63)
Hohenschwangau Castle, Bavaria
Burial Theatine Church
Religion Calvinism later Roman Catholicism
Prussian Royalty
House of Hohenzollern
Wappen Deutsches Reich - Königreich Preussen (Grosses).png
Descendants of Frederick William II
   Prince Frederick
   Prince Charles
   Frederica Wilhelmina, Duchess of Anhalt-Dessau
   Princess Friederike
   Princess Irene
   Prince Tassilo
   Prince Adalbert
   Prince Tassilo
   Princess Elisabeth
   Prince Waldemar
   Marie, Queen of Bavaria
   Prince Alexander
   Prince George

Marie of Prussia (German: Marie Friederike Franziska Hedwig von Preußen; October 15, 1825 – May 17, 1889) was Queen of Bavaria and the mother of Kings Ludwig II and Otto of Bavaria.



Born and raised in Berlin, she was the daughter of Prince Wilhelm of Prussia, a younger brother of King Friedrich Wilhelm III of Prussia, and his wife Landgravine Marie Anna of Hesse-Homburg. As a young woman, Marie was seriously considered as a wife for Ernest II, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, until her engagement to Maximilian was announced.


On 12 October 1842, she married the Crown Prince, and later King of Bavaria, Maximilian II.

Marie was loved equally by both the Evangelical and Roman Catholic populations. (At that time, Prussia was mostly Lutheran, whilst Bavaria was mostly Roman Catholic.) A specific emphasis of her "great social engagement" was a reactivation of the Bavarian Women's Association, which took place on 18 December 1869 with the aid of her son, Ludwig II. Its aim was "Pflege und Unterstützung der im Felde verwundeten und erkrankten Krieger" (Care and support of soldiers wounded and injured in the field). The Bavarian Red Cross was officially founded as a result of the Bavarian Women's Association. The Red Cross eventually took over for the Queen.

With the sudden death of Maximilian II on 10 March 1864, Marie became a widow. On 12 October 1874, she converted to Roman Catholicism.

In later years, she lived a secluded existence at her country estate in Elbigenalp in the Lechtal Alps and at Schloss Hohenschwangau near Füssen. Marie outlived her elder son, Ludwig II, by several years. He died on 13 June 1886. Marie died in 1889 in Hohenschwangau.

She is interred in the Theatine Church in Munich in a side chapel opposite her husband.


Name Birth Death Notes
Ludwig Friedrich Wilhelm 25 August 1846 13 June 1886 succeeded as King of Bavaria
declared mentally incompetent and deposed on 10 June 1886
died under disputed circumstances
Otto Wilhelm Luitpold Adalbert Waldemar 27 April 1848 11 October 1916 succeeded as King of Bavaria
declared mentally incompetent and deposed on 5 November 1913

Titles, styles, honours and arms



8 Augustus William of Prussia
4 Frederick William II of Prussia
9 Louise Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg
2 Wilhelm of Prussia
10 Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
5 Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt
11 Karoline of Zweibrücken
1 Marie of Prussia
12 Friedrich IV Karl, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg
6 Frederick V, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg
13 Ulrike Luise of Solms-Braunfels
3 Landgravine Marie Anna of Hesse-Homburg
14=10 Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
7 Caroline of Hesse-Darmstadt
15=11 Karoline of Zweibrücken


This article was translated from the article on the German Wikipedia on December 21, 2005.

Marie of Prussia
Born: 15 October 1825 Died: 17 May 1889
German royalty
Preceded by
Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen
Queen consort of Bavaria
28 March 1848 – 10 March 1864
Title next held by
Maria Theresa of Austria-Este

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