Mehedinţi County


Mehedinţi County
Mehedinţi
—  County   —

Coat of arms
Administrative map of Romania with Mehedinţi county highlighted
Country Romania
Development region Sud-Vest
Historic region Oltenia
Capital Drobeta-Turnu Severin
Area
 – Total 4,933 km2 (1,904.6 sq mi)
Area rank 30th
Population (2002)
 – Total 306,732
 – Rank 36th
 – Density 62.2/km2 (161/sq mi)
Telephone code (+40) 252 or (+40) 352[1]
ISO 3166 code RO-MH
Website County Council
Prefecture

Mehedinţi (Romanian pronunciation: [meheˈdint͡sʲ]) is a county (judeţ) of Romania. It is mostly located in the historical province of Oltenia, with one municipality (Orşova) and three communes (Dubova, Eşelniţa and Sviniţa) located in the Banat. The county seat is Drobeta-Turnu Severin.

Contents

Demographics

In 2002, it had a population of 306,732 and the population density was 62/km².

Year County population[3]
1948 304,788
1956 304,091
1966 310,021
1977 322,371
1992 332,673
2002 306,732

Geography

This county has a total area of 4,933 km².

In the North-West there are the Mehedinţi Mountains with heights up to 1500 m, part of the Western end of the Southern Carpathians.

The heights decrease towards the East, passing through the hills to a high plain - the Western end of the Romanian Plain.

In the South the Danube flows, forming a wide valley, with channels and ponds. Another important river is the Motru River in the East side, an affluent of the Jiu River. Also, in the West side there is the Cerna River forming a passage between the Oltenia region and the Banat region.

Neighbours

Economy

The energetic sector is highly developed in the county, on the Danube being two big hydro electrical power plants (Iron Gates I and Iron Gates II). Also in NE of Drobeta-Turnu Severin there is a heavy water complex (Romag Prod).

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Chemical industry.
  • Food and beverages industry.
  • Textile industry.
  • Mechanical components industry.
  • Railway and ship equipments industry.
  • Wood and paper industry.

In the North, coal and copper are extracted.

The South is mainly agricultural, suited for growing cereals on large surfaces. Also vegetables are cultivated and there are important surfaces of wines and fruit orchards.

Tourism

The main touristical destinations are:

Administrative divisions

Mehedinţi County has 2 municipalities, 3 towns and 61 communes

References

  1. ^ The number used depends on the numbering system employed by the phone companies on the market.
  2. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populaţia după etnie"
  3. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populaţia la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 şi 2002"

External links


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