The Wiener Prater is a large public park in
Vienna's 2nd district Leopoldstadt. The name Prater derives ultimately from the Latinword "pratum" meaning meadow, possibly via Spanish "prado". The term Prater is often used to mean the Wurstelprater amusement parkwhich stands in one corner of the Prater and includes the Riesenrad.
The area that makes up the modern Prater was first mentioned in 1162, when Emperor Friedrich I gave the land to a noble family called de Prato. The word "Prater" was first used in 1403, originally referring to a small
islandin the Danubenorth of Freudenau, but was gradually extended to mean the neighbouring areas as well. The land changed hands frequently until it was bought by Emperor Maximilian II in 1560 to be a huntingground. To deal with the problem of poachers, Emperor Rudolf II forbade entry to the Prater. On April 71766, Emperor Joseph II declared the Prater to be free for public enjoyment, and allowed the establishment of coffee-houses and cafés, which led to the beginnings of the Wurstelprater. Throughout this time, hunting continued to take place in the Prater, ending only in 1920.
In 1873, a World Exhibition was held in the Prater, for which a large area of land was set aside, centred around the Rotunda, which burnt down in 1937. This land now houses the "Messegelände" (exhibition centre).
2004, major renovations to the Wurstelprater began, and a new underground railway line was finished and brought into service on May 11, 2008, which includes three stops along the Prater (see Vienna U-Bahn). The railway station Praterstern has been in operation for a long time and is only a few dozen meters away from an entrance to the park.
The overall area of the park has also been reduced by the building of the
Ernst Happel Stadion(Austria's national stadium), the "Südosttangente" (Austria's busiest piece of motorway) and racecourse.
Other attractions in the Wiener Prater
The "Hauptallee" (main avenue) is the main artery, lined with horse chestnut trees, closed to motorists and known to sports enthusiasts from the annual Vienna Marathon. The Wiener Prater is home to the "Liliputbahn", a narrow gauge
railway. Another unusual object to be found in the Wiener Prater is the "Republik Kugelmugel" (Republic of Kugelmugel), a spherical micronation. The Wiener Prater also houses a planetariumand the Prater Museum.
* [http://www.praterservice.at/ Official Prater site]
* [http://www.liliputbahn.com/ Liliputbahn miniature railway]
* [http://www.wienmuseum.at/frameset.asp?submenu=3&page=http://www.wienmuseum.at/1433.htm Prater Museum]
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См. также в других словарях:
Prater — Hauptallee, principal avenida del Prater. Otros nombres Wiener Prater Tipo Parque público … Wikipedia Español
Prater — (izg. práter) m DEFINICIJA zabavni park u Beču s jednim od simbola grada Riesenradom, golemim kotačem vrteškom, s kabinama za posjetitelje ETIMOLOGIJA njem … Hrvatski jezični portal
Prater — Prat er, n. One who prates. Shak. [1913 Webster] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Prater — (vom span. Prado), ein öffentlicher Lustwald od. Spaziergang, bes. in Wien, s.d … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Prater — (v. ital. prato, »Wiese«; vgl. Prado), s. Wien … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Prater — Prater, Stadtpark in Wien … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Prater — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Prater peut signifier : à Vienne en Autriche : (à Vienne Leopoldstadt) Le Prater de Vienne est un célèbre quartier / parc à Vienne en Autriche… … Wikipédia en Français
Prater — Der Begriff Prater bezeichnet: den in Wien Leopoldstadt gelegenen Wiener Prater den in Wien Favoriten gelegenen Böhmischen Prater den ältesten Biergarten Berlins, siehe Prater (Berlin) die in München gelegene Praterinsel in der Isar einen… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Prater — This interesting and unusual surname with variant spellings Pretor and Preator, is an English Cognate of the German name Praetorius , which is the Latinized form of various surnames meaning leader or headman , from the Latin praetor , the title… … Surnames reference
Prater — Today a vast amusement park (Lat.: pratum = meadow) in Vienna’s Second District, the Prater was sequestered as a hunting preserve by Emperor Ferdinand I in 1560. The chief thoroughfare through the complex, the Hauptallee, had been laid out in… … Historical dictionary of Austria