Bath and North East Somerset


Bath and North East Somerset

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Bath and North East Somerset
nickname = BANES or B&NES
settlement_type = unitary authority
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map_caption = Bath and North East Somerset shown within England


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subdivision_type = Sovereign state
subdivision_name = United Kingdom
subdivision_type1 = Constituent country
subdivision_name1 = England
subdivision_type2 = Region
subdivision_name2 = South West England
subdivision_type3 = Ceremonial county
subdivision_name3 = Somerset
subdivision_type4 = Admin HQ
subdivision_name4 = Bath
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government_type = Unitary Authority
leader_title = Leader
leader_name = Cllr. Francine Haeberling
leader_title1 = Council
leader_name1 = English district control|ONS=00HA
leader_title2 = MPs:
leader_name2 = Don Foster (LD)
Dan Norris (L)
established_title = Created
established_date = 1 April 1996
area_magnitude = Ranked 137th
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area_total_km2 = 351.12
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population_as_of = English statistics year‎
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population_blank1_title = Ethnicity
[http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=3&b=276833&c=bath&d=13&e=13&g=398043&i=1001x1003x1004&m=0&r=1&s=1223720488417&enc=1&dsFamilyId=1812]
population_blank1 = 94.5% White 1.4% S. Asian 1.0% Black 1.4% Mixed Race 1.7% Chinese or other
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postal_code_type = Postcode
postal_code =BA
area_code = 01225
website = http://www.bathnes.gov.uk/
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Bath and North East Somerset (commonly referred to as BANES or B&NES) is a unitary authority that was created on 1 April 1996 following the abolition of the County of Avon. It is part of the Ceremonial county of Somerset.

Bath and North East Somerset covers an area of convert|220|sqmi|km2|0, of which two thirds is green belt. It stretches from the outskirts of Bristol, south into the Mendip Hills and east to the southern Cotswold Hills and Wiltshire border. The city of Bath is the principal settlement in the district, but BANES also covers Keynsham, Midsomer Norton, Radstock and the Chew Valley.

The area has varied geography including river valleys and rolling hills. The history of human habitation is long but expanded massively during Roman times, and played significant roles in the Saxon era and English civil war. Industry developed from a largely agricultural basis to include coal mining with the coming of canals and railways. Bath developed as a spa resort in Georgian times and remains a major cultural tourism centre having gained World Heritage City status.

History

Although BANES was only created in 1996 the area it covers has been occupied for thousands of years. The age of the henge monument at Stanton Drew stone circles is unknown, but is believed to be from the Neolithic period, [cite web | title=Stanton Drew Stone Circles | work=English Heritage Archeometry | url=http://www.eng-h.gov.uk/archaeometry/StantonDrew/ | accessdate=2006-07-08] as is the chambered tomb known as Stoney Littleton Long Barrow. [cite web |url=http://www.stonepages.com/england/stoneylittleton.html |title=Stoney Littleton |accessdate=2008-03-15 |format= |work=Stones of England ] Solsbury Hill has an Iron Age hill fort.

The archaeological evidence shows that the site of the Roman Baths' main spring was treated as a shrine by the Celts,cite web |url=http://www.somersettouristguide.com/Bath/The_Roman_Baths_722.asp |title=The Roman Baths |accessdate=2007-11-01 |format= |work=Somerset Tourist Guide ] and was dedicated to the goddess Sulis, whom the Romans identified with Minerva; however, the name Sulis continued to be used after the Roman invasion, leading to Bath's Roman name of "Aquae Sulis" (literally, "the waters of Sulis").

Excavations carried out before the flooding of Chew Valley Lake also uncovered Roman remains, indicating agricultural and industrial activity from the second half of the first century until the third century AD. The finds included a moderately large villa at Chew Park,cite web | title=Mendip Hills An Archaeological Survey of the Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty | work=Somerset County Council Archaeological Projects | url=http://www.somerset.gov.uk/media/896B4/MendipAONB.pdf | accessdate=2006-10-28] where wooden writing tablets (the first in the UK) with ink writing were found. There is also evidence from the Pagans Hill Roman Temple at Chew Stoke, [cite book | author = Ross, Lesley (Ed.)| year = 2004 | title = Before the Lake: Memories of the Chew Valley | publisher = The Harptree Historic Society | id=ISBN 0-9548832-0-9 ] cite book | author = Hucker, Ernest| year = 1997 | title = Chew Stoke Recalled in Old Photographs | publisher = Ernest Hucker | id = ] and a villa at Keynsham.

The Saxon advance from the east seems to have been halted by battles between the British and Saxons, for example; at the siege of Badon Mons Badonicus (which may mave been in the Bath region eg at Solsbury Hill), [cite web | title=Roman Times | work=Britannia | url=http://www.britannia.com/history/somerset/somhist3.html|accessdate=2006-10-29] or Bathampton Down. [cite book |title=The hidden places of Somerset |last=Scott |first=Shane |authorlink= |coauthors= |year=1995 |publisher=Travel Publishing Ltd |location=Aldermaston |isbn=1902007018 |pages=16 ] This area became the border between the Romano-British Celts and the West Saxons following the Battle of Deorham in 577 AD."The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle", [http://britannia.com/history/docs/501-97.html 501-97 AD] .] The Western Wandsdyke was probably built during the 5th or 6th century. The ditch is on the north side, so presumably it was used by the Celts as a defence against Saxons encroaching from the upper Thames valley. According to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, the Saxon Cenwalh achieved a breakthrough against the British Celtic tribes, with victories at Bradford-on-Avon (in the "Avon Gap" in the Wansdyke) in 652 AD."The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle", [http://britannia.com/history/docs/645-56.html 645-56 AD] ] In 675, Osric, King of the Hwicce, set up a monastic house at Bath, probably using the walled area as its precinct. [cite web |url=http://www.timetravel-britain.com/05/April/bathtime.shtml |title=Timeline Bath |accessdate=2007-12-10 |format= |work=Time Travel Britain ] King Offa of Mercia gained control of this monastery in 781 and rebuilt the church, which was dedicated to St. Peter.cite web|title=Bath Abbey|url=http://www.uquebec.ca/musique/orgues/angleterre/batha.html#English | work=Robert Poliquin's Music and Musicians| publisher=Quebec University | accessdate=2007-09-18] In the ninth century the old Roman street pattern had been lost and it had become a royal possession, with King Alfred laying out the town afresh, leaving its south-eastern quadrant as the abbey precinct. [cite web |url=http://www.buildinghistory.org/bath/saxon/alfredsborough.htm |title=Alfreds Borough |accessdate=2007-12-08 |work=Bath Past ] Edgar of England was crowned king of England in Bath Abbey in 973.cite web |url=http://www.englishmonarchs.co.uk/saxon_12.htm |title=Edgar the Peaceful |accessdate=2007-12-08 |work=English Monarchs – Kings and Queens of England ] King William Rufus granted the city to a royal physician, John of Tours, who became Bishop of Wells and Abbot of Bath in 1088.cite book | last= Powicke | first= Maurice | authorlink= F. M. Powicke | year= 1939 | title= Handbook of British Chronology | pages= | isbn= 0901050172] It was papal policy for bishops to move to more urban seats, and he translated his own from Wells to Bath.Huscroft "Ruling England" p. 128] He planned and began a much larger church as his cathedral, to which was attached a priory, with the bishop's palace beside it. New baths were built around the three springs. Later bishops, however, returned the episcopal seat to Wells, while retaining the name of Bath in their title as the Bishop of Bath and Wells. The priory at Hinton Charterhouse was founded in 1232 by Ela, Countess of Salisbury who also founded Lacock Abbey.cite book |title=The hidden places of Somerset |last=Scott |first=Shane |authorlink= |coauthors= |year=1995 |publisher=Travel Publishing Ltd |location=Aldermaston |isbn=1902007018 |pages=18-19 ]

By the 15th century, Bath's abbey church was badly dilapidated and in need of repairs. [cite web |url=http://visitbath.co.uk/site/things_to_do/p_24001 |title=Bath Abbey |accessdate=2007-12-10 |format= |work=Visit Bath ] Oliver King, Bishop of Bath and Wells, decided in 1500 to rebuild it on a smaller scale. The new church was completed just a few years before Bath Priory was dissolved in 1539 by Henry VIII. [cite web |url=http://www.thecityofbath.co.uk/renaissance_bath.htm |title=Renaissance Bath |accessdate=2007-12-09 |format= |work=City of Bath ] The abbey church was allowed to become derelict before being restored as the city's parish church in the Elizabethan period, when the city revived as a spa. The baths were improved and the city began to attract the aristocracy. Bath was granted city status by Royal Charter by Queen Elizabeth I in 1590. [cite web |url=http://www.thecityofbath.co.uk/civic_insignia.htm |title=Civic Insignia |accessdate=2007-12-10 |format= |work=City of Bath ] Keynsham, said to be named after Saint Keyne, developed into a medieval market town, its growth prompted by the foundation of an influential and prosperous abbey, founded by the Victorine order of Augustinian monks founded around 1170. It survived until the dissolution of the monasteries in 1539 and a house was built on the site. The remains have been designated as grade I listed building by English Heritage. [cite web | title=Keynsham Abbey | work=Images of England | url=http://www.imagesofengland.org.uk/search/details.aspx?id=485012 | accessdate=2007-07-18] The town was the site of a battle between royalist forces and the rebel Duke of Monmouth.

During the English Civil War, Somerset, which was largely Parliamentarian, was the site of a number of important battles between the Royalists and the Parliamentarians. [cite book |title=Battles and Generals of the Civil Wars |last=Rodgers |first= Colonel H.C.B.|authorlink= |coauthors= |year=1968 |publisher=Seeley Service & Co. |location= |isbn= ] The Battle of Lansdowne was fought on July 5 1643 on the northern outskirts of the city. [cite book |title=Battles and Generals of the Civil Wars |last=Rodgers |first= Colonel H.C.B.|authorlink= |coauthors= |year=1968 |publisher=Seeley Service & Co. |location= |isbn= ]

In 1668 Thomas Guidott, who had been a student of chemistry and medicine at Wadham College Oxford, moved to Bath and set up practice. He became interested in the curative properties of the waters and in 1676 he wrote "A discourse of Bathe, and the hot waters there. Also, Some Enquiries into the Nature of the water". This brought the health-giving properties of the hot mineral waters to the attention of the country and soon the aristocracy started to arrive to partake in them. [cite journal |last=Burns |first=D. Thorburn |authorlink= |coauthors= |year= 1981|month= |title=Thomas Guidott (1638–1705): Physician and Chymist, contributor to the analysis of mineral waters |journal= Analytical Proceedings including Analytical Communications: Royal Society of Chemistry |volume=18 |issue= |pages=2–6 |doi=10.1039/AP9811800002 |url=http://www.rsc.org/publishing/journals/article.asp?doi=AP9811800002 |accessdate= 2007-12-10 |quote= ] Several areas of the city underwent development during the Stuart period, and this increased during Georgian times in response to increasing numbers of people visiting the spa and resort town and requiring accommodation. [cite book |title=The English Spa, 1560-1815: A Social History |last=Hembury |first=Phylis May |authorlink= |coauthors= |year=1990 |publisher=Fairleigh Dickinson Univ Press |location= |isbn=0838633919 ] The architects John Wood the elder and his son John Wood the younger laid out the new quarters in streets and squares, the identical facades of which gave an impression of palatial scale and classical decorum. [cite web |url=http://www.bathmuseum.co.uk/biography.htm |title=John Wood and the Creation of Georgian Bath |accessdate=2007-12-08 |format= |work=Building of Bath Museum ] The creamy gold of Bath stone further unified the city, much of it obtained from the limestone Combe Down and Bathampton Down Mines, which were owned by Ralph Allen (1694–1764).cite web |url=http://www.bathpostalmuseum.co.uk/explore/biographies/ralphallen.html |title=Ralph Allen Biography |accessdate=2007-12-08 |format= |work=Bath Postal Museum ] Allen, in order to advertise the quality of his quarried limestone, commissioned the elder John Wood to build him a country house on his Prior Park estate between the city and the mines. In north Somerset, around Radstock mining in the Somerset coalfield was an important industry, and in an effort to reduce the cost of transporting the coal the Somerset Coal Canal was built; part of it was later converted into a railway. [cite web | title=Rivers and Canals | work=Somerset County Council: History of Somerset | url=http://www.somerset.gov.uk/archives/ASH/Rivers.htm|accessdate=2006-10-29] It connected to the Kennet and Avon Canal which linked the River Thames at Reading and the Floating Harbour at Bristol, joining the River Avon at Bath via Bath Locks. The Somerset and Dorset Joint Railway connected Bath and Bournemouth. It was jointly operated by the Midland Railway and the London and South Western Railway (L&SWR). After the 1 January 1923 Grouping joint ownership of the S&D passed to the LMS and the Southern Railway.Awdry, Christopher (1990). "Encyclopaedia of British Railway Companies". Partick Stephens Ltd. Page 237.] Casserley, H.C. (1968). "Britain's Joint Lines". London: Ian Allan. ISBN 0-7110-0024-7.] The area was also served by the Bristol and North Somerset Railway that connected Bristol with towns in the Somerset coalfield. The line was opened in 1873 between Bristol and Radstock, where it joined with an earlier freight only line from Frome. The biggest civil engineering project on the line was the Pensford Viaduct over the River Chew. The viaduct is 995 feet long, reaches a maximum height of 95 feet to rail level and consists of 16 arches. It is now a Grade II listed building. Freight services on the branch line ceased in 1951. The line achieved some fame after closure by its use in the film The Titfield Thunderbolt, but the track was taken up in 1958.

During World War II, between the evening of 25 April and the early morning of 27 April 1942, Bath suffered three air raids in reprisal for RAF raids on the German cities of Lübeck and Rostock. The three raids formed part of the Luftwaffe campaign popularly known as the Baedeker Blitz; over 400 people were killed, and more than 19,000 buildings were damaged or destroyed. [cite web |url=http://www.royalcrescentbath.com/HistoryBathatWar.htm |title=History - Bath at War |accessdate=2007-12-09 |format= |work=Royal Crescent Society, Bath ] Houses in the Royal Crescent, Circus and Paragon were burnt out along with the Assembly Rooms, while the south side of Queen Square was destroyed. [cite web |url=http://www.royalcrescentbath.com/HistoryRoyalCrescent%202.htm#The_Day_Bombs_fell_on_Bath |title=Royal Crescent History: The Day Bombs fell on Bath |accessdate=2007-12-09 |format= |work=Royal Crescent Society, Bath ] All have since been reconstructed.

The River Chew suffered a major flood in 1968 with serious damage to towns and villages along its route, including Chew Stoke, Chew Magna, Stanton Drew, Publow, Woollard, Compton Dando and Chewton Keynsham. The flood even swept away the bridge at Pensford. [cite web | title=The great flood of 1968 | work=Memories of Bristol | url=http://weldgen.tripod.com/the-great-flood-1968/index.html | accessdate=2006-01-04]

Geography

Bath and North East Somerset covers an area of convert|220|sqmi|km2|0, of which two thirds is green belt. It stretches from the outskirts of Bristol, south into the Mendip Hills and east to the southern Cotswold Hills and Wiltshire border. [cite web |url=http://www.bathnes.gov.uk/bathnes/leisureandculture/tourismandtravel/areainformation/default.htm |title=About the area |accessdate=2007-12-30 |format= |work=Bath and North East Somerset Council ] Surrounding local government areas include Bristol, North Somerset, Somerset, South Gloucestershire, and Wiltshire.

The city of Bath is the principal settlement in the district, but BANES also covers Keynsham, Midsomer Norton, Radstock and the Chew Valley. Bath lies on the River Avon and its tributaries such as the River Chew and Midford Brook cross the area.

In the west of the area the Chew Valley consists of the valley of the River Chew and is generally low-lying and undulating. It is bounded by higher ground ranging from Dundry Down to the north, the Lulsgate Plateau to the west, the Mendip Hills to the south and the Hinton Blewett, Marksbury and Newton Saint Loe plateau areas to the east. The River Chew was dammed in the 1950s to create Chew Valley Lake, which provides drinking water for the nearby city of Bristol and surrounding areas. The lake is a prominent landscape feature of the valley, a focus for recreation, and is internationally recognised for its nature conservation interest, because of the bird species, plants and insects.

To the north of Bath are Lansdown, Langridge and Solsbury hills. These are outliers of the Cotswolds.

Governance

Historically part of the county of Somerset, Bath was made a county borough in 1889 so being independent of the newly created administrative Somerset county council, which covered the rest of B&NES. [cite journal |last=Keane |first=Patrick |authorlink= |coauthors= |year= |month= |title=An English County and Education: Somerset, 1889-1902 |journal=The English Historical Review |volume=88 |issue=347 |pages=286–311 |id= |url= |accessdate= 2007-12-09 |quote= ] The area that would become B&NES became part of Avon when that non-metropolitan county was created in 1974. Since the abolition of Avon in 1996, Bath has been the main centre of the unitary authority of Bath and North East Somerset (B&NES), one of the four authorities that replaced Avon. [cite web |url=http://www.opsi.gov.uk/si/si1995/Uksi_19950493_en_1.htm |title=The Avon (Structural Change) Order 1995 |accessdate=2007-12-09 |format= |work=HMSO ]

Before the Reform Act of 1832 Bath elected two members to the unreformed House of Commons. [cite web |url=http://www.election.demon.co.uk/prereform.html |title=Parliamentary Constituencies in the unreformed House |accessdate=2007-12-09 |format= |work=United Kingdom Election Results ] Bath now has a single parliamentary constituency, with Liberal Democrat Don Foster as Member of Parliament. The rest of the area falls within the Wansdyke constituency, which covers the part of B&NES that is not in the Bath constituency. It also contains four wards or parts of wards from South Gloucestershire Council. It is named after the former Wansdyke district. At the next general election 2009/2010 much of this constituency will change to North East Somerset (UK Parliament constituency). [cite web |url=http://www.electoralcalculus.co.uk/cgi-bin/calcwork.pl?seat=Somerset%20North%20East |title= Somerset North East: New Boundaries Calculation|accessdate=2007-09-19 |format= |work=Electoral Calculus: General Election Prediction ] The current MP is Dan Norris.

Since B&NES was created, no political party has been in overall control of the council. The Liberal Democrats quickly became the dominant party, but in the local elections on 3 May 2007 the Conservative Party won 31 seats and are now the dominant party, though they do not have a majority. The Labour Party has only five seats, none of which are in Bath.

The current council composes of:

Economy

This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of North and North East Somerset and South Gloucestershire at current basic prices [http://www.statistics.gov.uk/downloads/theme_economy/RegionalGVA.pdf published] (pp.240-253) by "Office for National Statistics" with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling.

ettlements

The major towns and villages in the district are:
*Bath
*Bathampton
*Peasedown
*Keynsham
*Midsomer Norton
*Paulton
*Radstock
*Saltford

Transport

Bath is approximately convert|15|mi|km|0 south-east of the larger city and port of Bristol, to which it is linked by the A4 road, and is a similar distance south of the M4 motorway. Bath and North East Somerset is also served by the A37 and A368 trunk roads, and a network of smaller roads.

Bath is connected to Bristol and the sea by the River Avon, navigable via locks by small boats. The river was connected to the River Thames and London by the Kennet and Avon Canal in 1810 via Bath Locks; this waterway – closed for many years, but restored in the last years of the 20th century – is now popular with narrow boat users. [cite book |last=Allsop |first=Niall |title=The Kennet & Avon Canal |year=1987 |publisher=Millstream Book |location=Bath |id=ISBN 0-948975-15-6 ] Bath is on National Cycle Route 4, with one of Britain's first cycleways, the Bristol & Bath Railway Path, to the west, and an eastern route toward London on the canal towpath. Although Bath does not have an airport, the city is about convert|18|mi|km|0 from Bristol International Airport, which may be reached by road or by rail via Bristol Temple Meads railway station.

Bath is served by the Bath Spa railway station (designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel), which has regular connections to London Paddington, Bristol Temple Meads, Cardiff Central, Swansea, Exeter, Plymouth and Penzance (see Great Western Main Line), and also Westbury, Warminster, Salisbury, Southampton, Portsmouth and Brighton (see Wessex Main Line). Services are provided by First Great Western. There is a suburban station on the main line, Oldfield Park, and at Keynsham, which have a limited commuter service to Bristol. Green Park station was once operated by the Somerset and Dorset Joint Railway, whose line (always steam driven) climbed over the Mendips and served many towns and villages on its convert|71|mi|km|0|sing=on run to Bournemouth; this example of an English rural line was closed by Beeching in March 1966, with few remaining signs of its existence, but its Bath station building survives and now houses a number of shops.

Education

Bath has two universities. The University of Bath was established in 1966 and has grown to become a leading university in the United Kingdom. [cite web |url=http://www.bath.ac.uk/internal/staff/intro/history.html |title=History of the University |accessdate=2007-12-10 |format= |work=University of Bath ] The university is known, academically, for the physical sciences, mathematics, architecture, management and technology. [cite web |url=http://www.bath.ac.uk/departments/ |title=Departments |accessdate=2007-12-10 |format= |work=University of Bath]

Bath Spa University was first granted degree-awarding powers in 1992 as a university college (Bath Spa University College), before being granted university status in August 2005.cite web |url=http://www.bathspa.ac.uk/ |title=Bath Spa University |accessdate=2007-12-10 |format= |work=Bath Spa University ] It has schools in the following subject areas: Art and Design, Education, English and Creative Studies, Historical and Cultural Studies, Music and the Performing Arts, and Social Sciences.It also awards degrees through colleges such as Weston College in nearby Weston-super-Mare.

The city contains one further education college, City of Bath College, and several sixth forms as part of both state, private, and public schools. In England, on average in 2006, 45.8% of pupils gained 5 grades A-C including English and Maths; for Bath and North East Somerset pupils taking GCSE at 16 it is 52.0%. [cite web |url=http://www.intelligencewest.org.uk/census/data/LDF_AMR%2019.11.07.xls |title=LDF Contextual Info |accessdate=2007-12-14 |format=Excel |work=Intelligence West ] Special needs education is provided by Three Ways School.

State-funded schools are organised within the unitary authority of Bath and North East Somerset. A review of Secondary Education in Bath was started in 2007, primarily to reduce surplus provision and reduce the number of single-sex secondary schools in Bath, and to access capital funds available through the government's Building Schools for the Future programme. [citation|url=http://www.bathnes.gov.uk/BathNES/councilanddemocracy/consultations/SchoolsConsultation/secondary/|title=Secondary School Reviews|publisher=Bath and North East Somerset Council|accessdate=2008-06-23]

ports

Bath Rugby plays at the Recreation Ground.cite web |url=http://www.bathrugby.com/26_43.php |title=The story so far |accessdate=2007-12-09 |format= |work=Bath Rugby ] Bath Cricket Club play at the North Parade cricket ground next door to the Recreation Ground.

Bath City F.C. and Team Bath F.C. (affiliated with the University of Bath) are the major football teams in Bath city but there are also clubs in the surrounding areas such as; Bishop Sutton A.F.C., Radstock Town F.C. and Welton Rovers F.C..

The Bath Half Marathon is run annually through the city streets, with over 10,000 runners. [cite web|url=http://www.bathhalfmarathon.co.uk/|title=Bath Half Marathon|accessdate=2007-12-09] Bath also has a thriving cycling community, with places for biking including Royal Victoria Park, 'The Tumps' in Odd Down/east, the jumps on top of Lansdown, and Prior Park. Places for biking near Bath include Brown's Folly in Batheaston and Box Woods, in Box. Bath is also the home of the Bath American Football Club, which has been playing American Football in the city since 2001. [cite web|url=http://www.bathafc.co.uk/|title=Bath American Football Club|accessdate=2007-12-09]

There are sport and leisure centres in Bath, Keynsham the Chew Valley and Midsomer Norton. Much of the surrounding countryside is accessible for walking and both Chew Valley Lake and Blagdon Lake provide extensive fishing under permit from Bristol Water. The River Chew and most of its tributaries also have fishing but this is generally under licences to local angling clubs. Chew Valley Sailing Club [cite web | title=Chew Valley Sailing Club | url=http://www.chewvalleysailing.org.uk/ | accessdate=2006-05-12] is situated on Chew Valley Lake and provides dinghy sailing at all levels and hosts national and international competitions.

Places of interest

There are a total of 72,000 dwellings within the area, 6,408 are listed buildings, 662 Grade 1and 145 Grade 2 and classified as of historical or architectural importance. These include many buildings and areas of Bath such as Lansdown Crescent, [cite web | title=1 to 20 Lansdown Crescent | work=Images of England | url=http://www.imagesofengland.org.uk/search/details.aspx?id=442760 | accessdate=2006-11-14] the Royal Crescent, [cite web |title=Royal Crescent | work=Images of England | url=http://www.imagesofengland.org.uk/search/details.aspx?id=443488|accessdate=2006-11-14] The Circus and Pulteney Bridge. [cite web | title=Pulteney Bridge | work=Images of England | url=http://www.imagesofengland.org.uk/search/details.aspx?id=443316 | accessdate=2006-11-14] Outside the city there are also several historic manor houses such as St Catherine's Court and Sutton Court.

Bath is a major tourist centre and has a range of museums and art galleries including the Victoria Art Gallery, [cite web | title=Victoria Art Gallery | work=Images of England | url=http://www.imagesofengland.org.uk/search/details.aspx?id=442375 | accessdate=2006-11-15] the Museum of East Asian Art, and Holburne Museum of Art, [cite web | title=Holburne of Menstrie Museum | work=Images of England | url=http://www.imagesofengland.org.uk/search/details.aspx?id=443742|accessdate=2006-11-15] numerous commercial art galleries and antique shops, as well as numerous museums, among them Bath Postal Museum, [http://www.museumofcostume.co.uk The Museum of Costume] , the Jane Austen Centre, the Herschel Museum of Astronomy and the Roman Baths. [cite web | title=Roman Baths Treatment Centre | work=Images of England | url=http://www.imagesofengland.org.uk/search/details.aspx?id=442194 | accessdate=2006-11-15]

The Radstock Museum details the history of the Somerset coalfield.

ee also

* List of places of interest in Bath, Somerset

Notes and references

External links

* [http://www.bathnes.gov.uk/BathNES/default.htm BANES council]
* [http://www.bbc.co.uk/somerset BBC Somerset]
* [http://www.bathnes.gov.uk/BathNES/environmentandplanning/landandpremises/Landscape/rurallandscapespdf.htm Rural Landscapes of Bath and North East Somerset]


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