- Philip Evans and John Lloyd
Saints Philip Evans and John Lloyd were Welsh
Roman Catholicpriests, who died for their faith. They are both among the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales.
Titus Oates' 'Plot'
The lives, and deaths of both
saintsneed to be seen against the backdrop of Titus Oates' "plot". Oates concocted a "plot" in which the Anglicanref|conversion King, (Charles the Second) was to be assassinated and his Catholic brother (later, King James the Second) installed as king in his stead.
In the febrile atmosphere of the country the "plot" was credulously believed. However, when Oates' story was examined in detail the story collapsed and Oates was flogged and imprisoned; among the many Catholics caught up in the frenzy were Evans and Lloyd.
Father Philip Evans
martyrwas born in Monmouth, 1645, was educated at St Omer[http://www.catholic.org/saints/saint.php?saint_id=580 Philip Evans & John Lloyd] , Catholic.org, accessed 9 July 2008] he joined the Society of Jesus, 7 September, 1665, and was ordained at Liege and sent to South Walesas a missionaryin 1675.
He was a zealous
priestand despite the official anti-Catholic policy no action was taken against him. Then the Oates' scare swept the country and both Father Lloyd and Father Evans were caught up in the aftermath.
In the November 1678 a John Arnold, of Llanvihangel Court near
Abergavenny, a justice of the peaceand hunter of priests, offered a reward of £200 (an enormous sum then) for his arrest. Despite the manifest dangers Father Evans steadfastly refused to leave his flock.
He was arrested at the home of a Mr. Christopher Turberville at Sker, Glamorgan on
4 December 1678.
Father John Lloyd
Father John Lloyd, a Welshman and a secular priest (ie, a priest not associated with any order). He was a
Breconshireman, who had taken the missionary oath at Valladolidin 1649 and been sent to minister in his own country. He was arrested during the Oates' scare at Penlline, Glamorgan.
Both priests were brought to trial in
Cardiffon Monday, 5 May 1679. Neither was charged with being associated with the "plot" concocted by Oates. Nonetheless, they were tried for being priests and coming into the principality of Wales contrary to the provisions of the law, and were found guilty.
The executions took place in Pwllhalog, Cardiff on
22 July 1679
Saint Philip Evans was the first to die. He addressed the gathering in both Welsh and English saying, ‘Adieu, Father Lloyd! Though only for a little time, for we shall soon meet again'. Saint John Lloyd spoke very briefly saying, ‘I never was a good speaker in my life'.
In 1970, both John Lloyd and Philip Evans, S.J. were
canonisedby Pope Paul VI. Their joint feast dayis July 22.
Forty Martyrs of England and Wales
Forty Martyrs of England and Wales' collective feast day is kept on 25 October.
Encyclopædia Britannica, 15th Edition
* [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/09316b.htm Catholic Encyclopaedia]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.