Port of Varna

Port of Varna

Port of Varna ( [http://www.tns-shipping.com/agency_set/port_varna.gifmap] ) is the largest seaport complex in Bulgaria. Located on the Black Sea's west coast on Varna Bay, along Lake Varna and Lake Beloslav, it also comprises the outlying port of Balchik. It has a significant further development potential with 44 km of sheltered inland waterfront on the lakes alone, easily accessible by road and railroad and adjacent to Varna International Airport.


There are two anchorages at Varna roadstead: summer and winter. If violent northeasterly wind and wave conditions make the anchorages hazardous, a foul weather anchorage is available west of the 70 m high Cape Kaliakra convert|26|nmi|km east-northeast of Varna.

Two inland canals connect the sea and Port of [http://www.port.bg/bg/vn_nacionalno/ve/vazdu6na.jpgVarna East] with Lake Varna, Lake Beloslav and Port of [http://www.port.bg/bg/vn_nacionalno/vw/13.jpgVarna West] : Channel 1 with draft 11.50 m and Channel 2 with draft 11.00 m. The canals form an island, on which a deepwater oil terminal, among other port facilities, is currently located. The depths of the ship berths and the approaches allow the handling of vessels of capacity up to 50,000 gross tonnes. In view of the stated safe canal depths, only vessels of draft less than 9,90 m and airdraft up to 46 m are allowed to Varna West. Vessels with load over 200 m, beam over 26 m, or over 20 000 gross tonnes are required to pass the channels during daylight hours only. The largest vessel handled (as of 2006) is the Norwegian Dream cruise ship (220 m in length, 50,700 gross tonnes).

Port of Varna offers full service: loading, discharging, stevedoring, forwarding, storage and various intermodal services. For its approx. 40 berths, it operates 65 electric cranes and about 400 other pieces of ship, landside and warehouse port facilities. The port open-air storage area is 454 000 sq.m. and the warehouses 76 000 sq.m. It has a well-forked railway and road network. The existing port facilities allow the handling of practically all kinds of solid bulk, break-bulk, containerized and some liquid-bulk cargoes.

Principal exports include urea, soda ash, cement, clinker, silica, fertilisers, grain, containers and ro-ro. Principal imports are coal, metals, ores and ore concentrates, oil, phosphates, timber, molasses, containers and ro-ro.

Since 2006, Port of Varna serves as a hub for BP and German wind turbine manufacturer Saga.

Future plans

The updated general plan for the Port of Varna to 2020 was approved in 1999. Major projects for new construction, reconstruction and modernization include: a deepwater container terminal and a ro-ro terminal on the island under the Asparuhov most bridge, a grain terminal on the north shore of Lake Varna, south of the "Dry Port" storage base, a liquid chemicals terminal and a cement and clinker terminal at Varna West, modernization of the passenger and ro-ro terminals at Varna East.

In 2007, new plans were disclosed to relocate the container terminal from Varna East to a new larger bassin on the northeastern shore of Lake Varna and to redevelop old port Varna East, located in the city centre, into a large marine attractions zone with a new cruise terminal, yacht marina, apartments, hotels, restaurants, museums, exhibitions, shopping, and other tourist facilities.

In 2008, plans were disclosed for another deepwater container terminal on the south side of the island for vessels carrying over 2500 TEU.

A liquified natural gas terminal is also being developed at Beloslav.

Other existing port terminals include the [http://www.port.bg/bg/vn_nacionalno/ve/SCAN00044.jpgCruise Terminal] ; Petrol, LesPort, and Varna Thermal Power Plant (hadling oil, timber, and coal respectively); the [http://www.port.bg/bg/vn_nacionalno/ferry/ferry3.jpgRailroad Ferry Terminal] , which is not part of the complex, is located on the south shore of Lake Beloslav opposite Varna West.

ee also

* Varna
* St. Nikolai, Varna

External links

* http://www.port-varna.bg/ - Port of Varna, Пристанище Варна
* http://lifeseafarers.org/ - LIFE International Seafarers Centres-Varna
* Panorama photos of the Port of Varna [http://dichev.com/panorama/bulgaria/varna/harbour_station/ Cruise Terminal] , [http://dichev.com/panorama/bulgaria/varna/port_sunset/ Port of Varna Yacht Club] and [http://dichev.com/panorama/bulgaria/varna/port_quay/ the quay] - Format: Apple QTVR

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