USS Roe (DD-418)


USS Roe (DD-418)

USS "Roe" (DD-418) was a World War II-era "Sims"-class destroyer in the service of the United States Navy, named after Rear Admiral Francis Asbury Roe.

"Roe" was laid down 23 April 1938 by the Charleston Navy Yard, Charleston, South Carolina; launched 21 June 1939; sponsored by Mrs. Eleanor "Roe" Hilton; and commissioned 5 January 1940, Lt. Comdr. R. M. Scruggs in command.

Following shakedown, "Roe" conducted exercises along the east coast and in the Pacific. In the spring of 1941, she returned to the east coast and, during the summer remained primarily in the mid-Atlantic seaboard area. In the fall, she moved northward, to NS Argentia, to escort merchant convoys between Newfoundland and Iceland.

On that duty when the United States entered World War II, "Roe" headed south in January 1942; patrolled the approaches to Bermuda and to Norfolk; and in mid-February entered New York harbor, whence she resumed North Atlantic convoy runs. Arriving off Iceland 3 March, she remained until midmonth — in port and on patrol off that island and in the Denmark Strait. Toward the end of the month, "Roe" returned to New York. In April, she escorted ships to Panama, then spent May in New England waters. In June, she completed another North Atlantic run, this time to the United Kingdom; and in July she screened larger ships in coastal and Caribbean training operations.

In mid-August the destroyer again pointed her bow south. Into October she operated between Trinidad and ports in Brazil, then returned to Norfolk to prepare for Operation Torch, the landings in North Africa.

Assigned to the Northern Attack Group, "Roe" screened the transports to Mehedia, then provided gunfire support for the troops as they pushed to take Port Lyautey, the Sebou River and the Salé airfield. She arrived off the assault area on the night of 7-8 November, ahead of the main group, and, with her SG radar, attempted to locate the beacon submarine, "Shad" (SS-235). Unsuccessful, she fixed her own position relative to the jetties and beaches of the landing area, and returned to the main force to help guide it to the transport area. During the early morning landings, she acted as control destroyer off Blue and Yellow beaches, then shifted to gunfire support duties. Shortly after sunrise she assisted "Savannah" (CL-42) in temporarily silencing hostile fire from the Kasba, an old citadel situated on a cliff commanding the mouth of the Sebou.

Through that day and until 15 November, "Roe" remained in the area to provide gunfire support and screen the larger ships. She then turned westward, arriving back at Hampton Roads on 26 November. During the winter and the following spring, 1943, "Roe" again performed escort work with tanker runs to Gulf and Caribbean oil ports and resupply and reinforcement convoys to Casablanca. On 10 June, she departed New York for the Mediterranean and her second assault — Operation Husky, the invasion of Sicily.

Arriving at Oran toward the end of the month, she continued on to Bizerte, whence she steamed north with the JOSS force for Licata on 8 July. On 9 July, she took up her position in the fire support area off beach Red, near the Torre di Gaffe. Early on 10 July, she and "Swanson" (DD-443) moved toward Porto Empedocle, an Italian motor torpedo boat base guarded by a minefield 24 miles west of Licata, to investigate small pips which had registered on their radar screens. As both destroyers prepared to open fire on the "enemy" boats, "Roe" swerved to avoid the minefield and, at the same time, to fall in astern of Swanson. Her speed, however, exceeded "Swansons and, just before 03:00, "Roe" hit "Swanson" at right angles on the port side shearing off a portion of her own bow and causing "Swansons fireroom to flood. Both ships went dead in the water. Fortunately by 05:00 both were mobile.

As daylight increased, the Luftwaffe attempted to finish the damaged ships. The destroyers defended themselves and in the process shot down one Junkers Ju 88 with 13 rounds of proximity-influence-fused 5 inch fire to prove the worth of the new fuse in antiaircraft fighting.

Following temporary patching at Oran, "Roe" returned to New York for permanent repairs. In mid-September, she resumed transatlantic convoy duty and completed two runs to North Africa before the end of the year.

With the new year, 1944, "Roe" was transferred to the Pacific. Departing New York 26 January, she transited the Panama Canal and traversed the Pacific to report to CTF 76 at Cape Sudest 12 March. From there, and other New Guinea ports and anchorages, she escorted 7th Phib Force ships transporting Allied troops up the coast and through neighboring islands, and provided gunfire support in target areas. From 16 to 21 March, she supported operations on Manus. In early April, she transported Army personnel from Manus to Rambutyo, then prepared for the landings at Humboldt Bay, which she supported 22 April. In mid-May, she assisted the offensive in the Toem-Wakde area; then, at the end of the month, screened LSTs to Biak. Fire support duty and escort of reinforcements and supplies to Biak continued into June. On 29 April, she provided call-fire support for Army units fighting northeast of the Driniumor River. Then, in July, the destroyer shifted to Noemfoor to conduct a prelanding bombardment and to give postlanding support fire.

Relieved at midmonth, "Roe" departed the Admiralties and steamed for Majuro, where she joined the 5th Fleet. For the next 6 weeks, she served as an aircraft rescue ship in areas off Maloelap, Wotje, Mili, and Jaluit. Patrol, picket, and escort duties then kept her shuttling between and amongst the Marshalls and Marianas, primarily the latter, until early December when she joined TG 94.9 for a bombardment of Iwo Jima.

Completing the assignment on 8 December, the force returned to Saipan, whence "Roe" conducted two search and rescue missions and one mercy run, carrying a doctor to a convoy bound for Saipan, before heading out for further strikes against Iwo Jima on 24 December and 27 December. On 24 December, "Roe" sank a small trawler and, with "Case" (DD-370), sent to the bottom another ship — believed to have been a destroyer converted for fast transport service. On 27 December, she destroyed several small craft and damaged buildings and antiaircraft installations in and near the island's west boat basin.

Another strike on the Volcano and Bonin Islands during the first week in January 1945, was followed by availability at Ulithi and resumption of patrol and escort work from Guam. In late April, she returned to the Volcano-Bonin area for radar picket and search and rescue operations during air strikes against the Japanese home islands. At the end of May she resumed operations in the Marianas and in June she received orders to the west coast.

"Roe" arrived in San Francisco Bay on 29 July, and was undergoing a yard overhaul when the war ended, 14 August. Then designated for inactivation, "Roe" was decommissioned 30 October 1945 and was struck from the Navy list 16 November. She was sold in August 1947.

"Roe" earned six battle stars during World War II.

ee also

*List of United States Navy destroyers

References


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