Nazca Main Square Garden, at night

Nazca (sometimes spelled Nasca) is a system of valleys on the southern coast of Peru, and the name of the region's largest existing town in the Nazca Province. It is also the name applied to the Nazca culture that flourished in the area between 300 BC and AD 800. They were responsible for the Nazca Lines and the ceremonial city of Cahuachi; they also constructed an impressive system of underground aqueducts nmed Puquios, that still function today.

On 12 November 1996 at 11:59 a.m. local time (16:59 GMT time) a heavy earthquake of 6.4 (the center of the earthquake was 7.7 in the sea) destroyed the city of Nasca and its surroundings almost completely. Because it occurred during the day there were only 17 fatalities, but 1,500 people were injured and around 100,000 left homeless. Almost all old houses in bricks were destroyed, but within 12 years Nasca has been completely rebuilt in colored houses with columns, now often multi-stored houses, with a small boulevard in the center.

Since 1997, Nazca has been the location of a major Canadian gold mining operation. The people who were living on the land for the previous 2000 years did not have title to the land, so they were displaced without legal problems. Since then, there have been some attempts to legalize poor citizens' ownership of their land and their fixed property, in response to Hernando de Soto's research on the poor.[original research?]

The climate of Nazca is just like the climate of Cusco. It is cold during the winter months starting in June and in the summer it is warmer.

Coordinates: 14°49′44″S 74°56′37″W / 14.82889°S 74.94361°W / -14.82889; -74.94361

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См. также в других словарях:

  • nazca — nazca, cultura …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Nazca — site archéol. précolombien (IIe s. av. J. C. VIIe s. ap. J. C.) de la côte S. du Pérou. On ignore la signification de figures longues de plusieurs centaines de mètres tracées sur le sol. Les nécropoles recèlent céramiques, orfèvrerie, tissus en… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Nazca — Este artículo trata sobre la localidad peruana. Para otros usos de este término, véase Nazca (desambiguación). Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías,… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Nazca — Der Name Nazca steht für: eine Küstenstadt in Peru an der Mündung des Flusses Nazca, siehe: Nazca (Stadt) einen Fluss im südlichen Peru, der bei der Stadt Nazca in den Pazifik mündet, siehe: Nazca (Fluss) eine Provinz in Peru, siehe: Nazca… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nazca — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Nazca peut désigner : Plusieurs éléments en rapport avec le Pérou : Géoglyphes ou lignes de Nazca, un site archéologique ; Nazca, une… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nazca — Original name in latin Nazca Name in other language NZC, Nasca, Naska, Nazca, Placa de Nazca, Plaskowyz Nazca, Provincia de Nazca, Paskowy Nazca, Наска State code PE Continent/City America/Lima longitude 14.83098 latitude 74.93895 altitude 584… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Nazca — /nahs kah, keuh/, adj. of or pertaining to a pre Incan culture of SW Peru, dating from c200 B.C., characterized by polychrome pottery and the employment of irrigation techniques in agriculture. Also, Nasca. * * * ▪ ancient South American culture… …   Universalium

  • nazca — naz·ca …   English syllables

  • Nazca — Naz•ca or Nasca [[t]ˈnɑs kɑ, kə[/t]] adj. ara of or designating a pre Inca culture of SW Peru, dating from c200 b.c., characterized by polychrome pottery …   From formal English to slang

  • Nazca — D✓Naz|ca, Nas|ca [naska] (Stadt in Peru) …   Die deutsche Rechtschreibung

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