Sapindales


Sapindales

Taxobox
name = Sapindales


image_caption = Manitoba Maple ("Acer negundo")
regnum = Plantae
unranked_divisio = Angiosperms
unranked_classis = Eudicots
unranked_ordo = Rosids
ordo = Sapindales
ordo_authority = Dumortier
subdivision_ranks = Families
subdivision = See text

Sapindales (pronounced /sæpɪn'deɪliz/, last two syllables just like the word "dailies" [source: "Webster's Third New International Dictionary", p. 2013] ) is a botanical name for an order of flowering plants. Well-known members of Sapindales include citrus; maples, horse-chestnuts, lychees and rambutans; mangos and cashews; frankincense and myrrh; and mahogany.

The APG II system of 2003 includes it in the clade eurosids II (in rosids, in eudicots) including the following families:
*Anacardiaceae
*Biebersteiniaceae
*Burseraceae
*Kirkiaceae
*Meliaceae
*Nitrariaceae (+ Peganaceae and Tetradiclidaceae)
*Rutaceae
*Sapindaceae
*Simaroubaceae

(with "+ ..." = optional segregate of the preceding family)

The Cronquist system of 1981 used a somewhat different circumscription, including the following families:
*Staphyleaceae
*Melianthaceae
*Bretschneideraceae
*Akaniaceae
*Sapindaceae
*Hippocastanaceae
*Aceraceae
*Burseraceae
*Anacardiaceae
*Julianiaceae
*Simaroubaceae
*Cneoraceae
*Meliaceae
*Rutaceae
*Zygophyllaceae

The difference with the APG II system is not as large as may appear, as the plants in the families Aceraceae and Hippocastanaceae stay in this order at APG II (both included in family Sapindaceae). The species now comprising the family Nitrariaceae in APG II also belonged to this order in the Cronquist system as part of the family Zygophyllaceae, while those now in the family Kirkiaceae were present as part of the family Simaroubaceae.


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