- Sherman Fairchild
Sherman Mills Fairchild (b.
April 7, 1896- March 28, 1971) was an inventor (with 30 patents) and serial entrepreneur who founded such companies as Fairchild Aviation, Fairchild Stratos, Fairchild Hiller, Fairchild Recording, Fairchild Industriesnow the Fairchild Corporationand Fairchild Camera and Instrument. His Fairchild Semiconductorcompany played a defining role in the development of Silicon Valleyand its business culture. He was also a co-founder of Pan American Airlinesand American Airlinesand the original developer of Republic Airport.
Oneonta, New York, Sherman Fairchild was a particularly bright and naturally inquisitive child. His father, one of nine children, was George Winthrop Fairchild, a Republican Congressman and co-founder of IBMand its first Chairman. His mother was Josephine Mills Sherman, daughter of William Sherman, of Davenport, Iowa. Up until her marriage she had lived most of her life with her uncle, Dr. Gilchrist, a wealthy physician. She died January 24, 1924. He was a direct descendant of Thomas Fairchild, who settled in Stratford, Connecticut, in 1632. On the maternal side of his father he was a great-great-grandson of Thomas Morenus, a soldier of the Revolution, and great-grandson of Jeremiah Morenus, a soldier of the War of 1812. Both these ancestors are buried in hallowed ground in Oneonta. As an only child he inherited his father's multi-million dollar estate when his father died on December 31, 1925. He would also inherited his father's IBM stock, became a Director of IBM in 1925 and remained IBM's largest individual stockholder and a director until his death in 1971.
Sherman Fairchild matriculated at
Harvard Universityin 1915 where, in his freshman year, he invented the flash camera. He also contracted tuberculosis. Under the advice of his physician, he moved to Arizonato recover in the drier climate and transferred his enrollment to the University of Arizona. There he learned about aerial photography. He would later transfer to Columbia University. To assist the military in World War I, he developed a new shutter mechanism for aerial cameras, although the war ended before he was finished. His invention was to create a camera shutter sandwiched between lenses, thereby reducing the significant image distortion previously hampering aerial photography and mapping.
He successfully sold two high speed cameras in 1919 to the military. He lost $30,000 on the deal, but, undaunted by this setback, he left Columbia University to further develop the shutter technology and won sufficient military contracts to establish Fairchild Aerial Camera Corporation, the predecessor of
Fairchild Camera and Instrument, on February 11, 1920.
The Sherman Fairchild Empire
Overlooked by historians, the press and the public were the vast holdings of Sherman Mills Fairchild. His vast stock, real estate and other private holding may never be fully known. Fortunately a former Fairchild employee, Theron Rinehart, rescued from destruction an incomplete list of companies Fairchild owned. They are part of
The Sherman Fairchild Empire.
Fairchild Aerial Surveys
His interests in aerial photography led in 1927 to the development of airplanes and the establishment of Fairchild Aviation, which sold thousands of airplanes. The first model featured two innovations: folding wings and an enclosed heated cabin. Fairchild airplanes would play major roles in the military, ferrying, freighting, and surveying industries prior to World War II, and an even bigger role during
World War II[http://www.bcwarbirds.com/sherman_fairchild_bio.htm] when over 8000 of the Fairchild PT-19trainers were used by Air Force pilots. Other Fairchild planes included the AT-21 Gunner, the C-82 Packet, the C-119 Flying Boxcarused in the Korean War, and the C-123 Provider.
In 1957, a group of engineers working for
William Shockleyat his seminal semiconductorcompany approached Fairchild Camera and Instrument to continue their research in solid-state transistors. This group, later branded by Shockley as the " Traitorous Eight", wanted to leave Shockley because of his poor management style. Sherman Fairchild agreed to back them financially, and thus Fairchild Semiconductorwent on to become a leading force in Silicon Valleyand an incubator which would spawn many of today's leading technology companies, such as Intel, Advanced Micro Devices, and National Semiconductor, which themselves would spawn other companies that spawned yet more other companies.
In 1968, eight men, including
Jerry Sanders, left Motorola led by Lester Hoganand joined Fairchild Camera and Instrument. They became known as "Hogan's Heroes". Motorola sued Fairchild Camera and Instrument for unfair competition, but a District Court ruled that the Fairchild company's hiring of the group was legal. [cite web|url=http://library.findlaw.com/1999/Jan/1/127884.html|title=Seven Deadly IP Sins in Employee Hiring|author=Peter P. Chen|date=1999]
According to a New York Times story on April 3, 1971 Fairchild left a 200+ Million Dollar Estate most to two charitable foundations he formed during his lifetime, the Fairchild Foundation and the
Sherman Fairchild Foundation. Bequest included Walter Burke of Winding Lane, Greenwich, Conn. Mr. Burke, the executor was a long-time friend and business advisor. Other bequests included were Ann Diane Williams of Beverley Hills, California, $2-million, or 1% of the net estate, whichever is greater; Cornelia Lynn Sharp of 111 East 75th Street, $200,000, and Roswell Gilpatricof 79 East 79th Street, $100,000. Specific bequests to organizations were Roosevelt Hospital, $300,000; the Salvation Army, $200,000 and the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, in memory of his late aunt, May Fairchild; $100.000. His will was offered for probate in Manhattan Surrogate's Court by the law firm of Cleary, Gottlieb, Steen & Hamiltion of New York. Mr Fairchild died at Roosevelt Hospital, NY after a long illness. He left bequests to more than 50 relatives, friends and former employees. The Sherman Fairchild Foundationassets have grown to over 500 Million in recent years and is headquartered in Chevy Chase, MD. The Walter Burke family continue to run the Sherman Fairchild Foundation. Bonnie Burke Himmelman is the current president.
After his death Sherman Mills Fairchild was laid to rest in Greenwood Cemetery in Oneonta, Otsego County, N.Y. He is buried within walking distance of the home he grew up in, in the town where he was born and raised. He sold his childhood family home in 1929 to the Masons and it became the Oneonta Masonic Lodge. His home and the town he grew up in remain unchanged.
As a result of his achievements, he was awarded fellowships in the
Institute of Aeronautical Sciencesand in the Royal Aeronautical Society, as well as accolades by the Smithsonian Institution.
*Thomas J. Campanella-"Cities from the Sky: An Aerial Portrait of America"-ISBN-10:156892992, ISBN-13:15668982991, Princeton Architectural Press: 1 edition (November 26, 2001)
*Wayne G. Broehl-"The Sherman Fairchild Foundation, 1955-1993"-(Unknown Binding) ASIN: B0006P19WA, The Foundation
Fairchild Aircraft Ltd. (Canada)
*Donald L. Barlett and James B. Steele, EMPIRE, The Life, Legend, and Madness of Howard Hughes, p86, 1979- ISBN 0-393-07513-3
* [http://web.whittier.edu/fairchild/home.html Biography from Whittier College]
* [http://library.caltech.edu/sherman/fairchild.htm Biography from the Sherman Fairchild Library at the California Institute of Technology]
* [http://www.bcwarbirds.com/sherman_fairchild_bio.htm Detailed biography of airplane accomplishments]
* [http://www.usgennet.org/usa/ny/state/his/bio/pt58.html Fairchild Family History]
* [http://www.fairchild.com The Fairchild Corporation]
* [https://www.m7aerospace.com/ M7 Aerospace]
* [http://library.findlaw.com/1999/Jan/1/127884.html Seven Deadly IP Sins]
* [http://www.fairchildimaging.com/main/history.htm Fairchild Imaging]
* [http://www.pilotfriend.com/aircraft%20performance/fairchild.htm Fairchild Aviation History]
* [http://silicongenesis.stanford.edu/transcripts/rock.htm Arthur Rock]
* [http://www.fairchildproducts.com/aboutus.htm Fairchild Industrial Products Corp.]
* [http://www.stanford.edu/dept/news/pr/2005/pr-fairchild-030905.html The Fairchild Chronicles]
* [http://www.fairchild-controls.com/history.html Fairchild Controls Company]
* [http://www.shanaberger.com/fairchild.htm Fairchild Aircraft Corp.]
* [http://silicongenesis.stanford.edu/transcripts/hodgson.htm Richard Hodgson]
* [http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=6818698 Sherman Fairchild's grave]
* [http://www.whittier.edu/fairchild/home.html Fairchild Aeriel Photography Collection at Whittier College]
* [http://www.oneontahistory.org/walkingtour.htm Includes Fairchild's boyhood home]
* [http://inventors.about.com/od/dstartinventions/a/spruce_goose.htm?terms=geodetic+surveys Hughes-Fairchild and Duramold]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Sherman Fairchild Foundation — Sherman Mills Fairchild was the founder and chairman of many Fairchild Corporations. Howard Hughes was a close friend who stayed at Fairchild s Lond Island Estate when he came to New York. Mr. Fairchild formed two charitable Foundations, the… … Wikipedia
List of Sherman Fairchild companies — Overlooked by historians, the press and the public were the vast holdings of Sherman Mills Fairchild. His vast stock, real estate and other private holding may never be fully known. Fortunately a former Fairchild employee, Theron Rinehart,… … Wikipedia
Fairchild Engine & Airplane Corporation — Fairchild Engine Airplane Corporation Fairchild Engine Airplane Corporation Création 1925 Disparition … Wikipédia en Français
Fairchild Engine & Airplane Corporation — Logo de Fairchild Engine Airplane Corporation Création 1925 Disparition 2002 Fondateurs Sherman Fairchild … Wikipédia en Français
Fairchild Industries — was created from a name change from Fairchild Hiller Corporation, division and subsidiaries: Fairchild Aircraft Marketing Company, Fairchild Aircraft Services Division, Fairchild Republic Division, Fairchild Space and Electronics Division,… … Wikipedia
Fairchild Camera and Instrument — was a company founded by Sherman Fairchild. It was based on the East Coast of the United States, and provided research and development for flash photography equipment. The technology was primarily used for DOD spy satellites.In 1957, the company… … Wikipedia
Fairchild-Dornier — Fairchild in San Antonio, Texas war ein ursprünglich US amerikanischer Flugzeughersteller. Der Artikel befasst sich mit dem Zweig des Unternehmen, der sich 1927 unter dem Namen Fairchild Aircraft Manufacturing Company vom Fairchild Konzern… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Fairchild Republic — Fairchild in San Antonio, Texas war ein ursprünglich US amerikanischer Flugzeughersteller. Der Artikel befasst sich mit dem Zweig des Unternehmen, der sich 1927 unter dem Namen Fairchild Aircraft Manufacturing Company vom Fairchild Konzern… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Fairchild — in San Antonio, Texas war ein ursprünglich US amerikanischer Flugzeughersteller. Der Artikel befasst sich mit dem Zweig des Unternehmens, der sich 1927 unter dem Namen Fairchild Aircraft Manufacturing Company vom Fairchild Konzern (Holding)… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Fairchild Semiconductor — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Fairchild Semiconductor es una compañía norteamericana que introdujo en el mercado el primer circuito integrado comercialmente viable (lanzado ligeramente antes que otro de Texas Instruments), y se convirtió en uno… … Wikipedia Español