- North-South divide
The North-South Divide is the socio-economic and political division that exists between the wealthy developed countries, known collectively as "the North", and the poorer
developing countries( least developed countries), or "the South." [ [http://www.s-cool.co.uk/topic_quicklearn.asp?loc=ql&topic_id=13&quicklearn_id=1&subject_id=20&ebt=151&ebn=&ebs=&ebl=&elc=4 S-Cool! - GCSE Geography Revision - Quicklearn ] ] Although most nations comprising the "North" are in fact located in the Northern Hemisphere, the divide is not primarily defined by geography. The North is home to four out of five permanent members of the United Nations Security Counciland all members of the G8. "The North" mostly covers the West and the First World, with much of the Second World.The expression "North-South divide" is still in common use, but the terms "North" and "South" are already somewhat outdated. As nations become economically developed, they may become part of the "North", regardless of geographical location, while any other nations which do not qualify for "developed" status are in effect deemed to be part of the "South." [ [http://www.tiscali.co.uk/reference/encyclopaedia/hutchinson/m0030871.html North–South divide ] ]
Problems with the divide
The fall of the
Soviet Bloccountries and the associated poverty further weakened the expression "North-South Divide" since many Soviet Bloc nations now fall into developing status, and the term "Second World" is presently out of use. On the other hand, many nations previously considered "developing," such as East Asian Tigers, are now developed and are part of the modern "First World;" however, in some maps of the North-South Divide, such nations are depicted as part of the "South," which is inconsistent with the above-given definition. The dependencies of the developed nations are also referred as "South," although they are part of the developed world. [Therien. J.P, (1999) Beyond the North-South Divide: the two tales of world poverty. "Third World Quarterly". Vol 20. No. 4. pp723-742] . Moreover, some development geographers have argued that over concentration on the North-South divide as the main organizing principle for understanding the world economy ignores the role of inter-imperial conflicts between the United States, Japan and Europe. [ Corbridge, S., (1986), Capitalist World Development. MacMillian, see esp. sec. 5.3 ]
The north: developed nations
Organisations such as the
World Bank, the International Monetary Fund(IMF) and the Central Intelligence Agency(CIA), generally agree that the group of developed countries includes the following countries/regions ("in alphabetical order"):
*Note: flagicon|People's Republic of China
People's Republic of Chinais not a developed country and it is considered as "south." However, Hong Kongand Macau, the administrated states in P.R. of China, are considered part of "north." Americas
Bermuda" (flagicon|United Kingdom United Kingdom)
Saint Pierre and Miquelon" (flagcountry|France) Asia
Cyprus(including flagicon|United Kingdom Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia)
*flagicon|Hong Kong "
Hong Kong" (flagicon|People's Republic of China People's Republic of China)
Macau" (flagicon|People's Republic of China People's Republic of China)
The rest of "the north"
Russia Eastern Europe
*flagcountry|Bosnia and Herzegovina
The Brandt Line is a visual depiction of the North-South divide, proposed by German
Chancellor Willy Brandtin the 1970s. It approximately encircles the world at a latitudeof 30° N, passing between North and Central America, north of Africaand India, but dipping south so as to include Australiaand New Zealandin the "Rich North".
global digital divideis often characterised as corresponding to the North-South divide, however it is interesting to note that Internetuse, and especially broadbandaccess, is now soaring in Asia compared with other continents. This phenomenon is partially explained by the ability of many countries in Asia to bypass older Internet technology and infrastructure, coupled with booming economies which allow vastly more people to get online.
(2007)The North-South divide has more recently been named the development gap. This places greater emphasis on closing the evident gap between rich (more economically developed) countries and poor (less economically developed countries) countries. A good measure of on which side of the gap a country is located is the
Human Development Index(HDI). The nearer this is to 1.0, the greater is the country's level of development and the further the country is on its development pathway (closer towards being well developed), exemplified well by Walter Rostow's model of development and the Clark Fishermodel.
North-South divide in the United Kingdom
North-South divide in Belgium
*North-South divide in Italy
North-South divide in India
*North-south divide in Korea
Mason-Dixon line( USA)
Southern United States
* [http://www.stwr.net/content/view/43/83 Share The World's Resources: The Brandt Commission Report] , a 1980 report by a commission led by
Willy Brandtthat popularized the terminology
* [http://www.brandt21forum.info/ Brandt 21 Forum] , a recreation of the original commission with an updated report (information on original commission at site)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
North–South divide — This article is about the global north–south divide. For the divide in the UK, see North–south divide in the United Kingdom. For the historical divide in the United States, see Mason Dixon Line. The updated view of the north–south divide. Blue… … Wikipedia
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North–South divide in the United Kingdom — One interpretation of the north south divide In Great Britain, the term North–South divide refers to the economic and cultural differences between Southern England and the rest of Great Britain (Northern England, Wales and Scotland). The divide… … Wikipedia
North-South Divide, the — North South Di vide, the noun the difference in attitudes or situation between people in the northern and southern parts of a country. In the U.S., the south is generally more conservative than the north, while in the U.K. the north is generally… … Usage of the words and phrases in modern English
(the) North-South Divide — the North South Divide UK US noun the difference in attitudes or situation between people in the northern and southern parts of a country. In the US, the south is generally more conservative than the north, while in the UK the north is generally… … Useful english dictionary
the North-South Divide — UK / US noun the difference in attitudes or situation between people in the northern and southern parts of a country. In the US, the south is generally more conservative than the north, while in the UK the north is generally poorer than the south … English dictionary