Savory (genus)


Savory (genus)

Taxobox
name = Savory



image_width = 240px
image_caption = Winter Savory ("Satureja montana")
regnum = Plantae
divisio = Magnoliophyta
classis = Magnoliopsida
subclassis = Asteridae
unranked_ordo = Euasterids I
ordo = Lamiales
familia = Lamiaceae
genus = "Satureja"
genus_authority = Tourn. ex Mill.
subdivision_ranks = Species
subdivision = About 30, see text

"Satureja" is a genus of aromatic plants of the family Lamiaceae, related to rosemary and thyme. There are about 30 species called savories, of which Summer Savory and Winter Savory are the most important in cultivation.

Description

"Satureja" species are native to warm temperate regions and may be annual or perennial. They are low-growing herbs and subshrubs, reaching heights of 15-50 cm.

The leaves are 1 to 3 cm long, with flowers forming in whorls on the stem, white to pale pink-violet.

Ecology and cultivation

"Satureja" species are food plants for the larva of some Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths). Caterpillars of the moth "Coleophora bifrondella" feed exclusively on Winter Savory ("S. montana").

Savory may be grown purely for ornamental purposes; members of the genus need sun and well-drained soil.

Uses

Both summer savory and winter savory are used to flavor food. The former is preferred by cooks but as an annual is only available in summer; winter savory is an evergreen perennial.

Savory plays an important part in Italian cuisine, particularly when cooking beans. It is also used to season the traditional Acadian stew known as "fricot".

Yerba Buena (Spanish: "good herb"; "S. douglasii") is used to make a herbal tea in the western United States.

Winter savory is reputed to help ease flatulence.

elected species

* "Satureja acinos"
* "Satureja alpina"
* "Satureja coerulea"
* "Satureja cuneifolia"
* "Satureja douglasii" – Yerba Buena (syn. "S. chamissonis")
* "Satureja hortensis" – Summer Savory
* "Satureja mexicana"
* "Satureja montana" – Winter Savory
* "Satureja multiflora" – Chilean Shrub Mint
* "Satureja palmeri" (believed extinct; rediscovered 2001)
* "Satureja rumelica"
* "Satureja spicigera"
* "Satureja thymbra"
* "Satureja viminea" – Serpentine Savory
* "Satureja viminea"
* "Satureja vulgaris" – Wild Basil

Formerly in "Satureja"

* Browne's Savory, "Clinopodium brownei" (as "Satureja brownei")
* Large-flowered Calamint, "Calamintha grandiflora" (as "Satureja grandiflora")
* Stone Mint, "Cunila mariana" (as "Satureja origanoides")

ee also

*Za'atar


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Savory — or Savoury may refer to: * Savory (genus), herbs of the genus Satureja , particularly : ** Summer savory ( Satureja hortensis ), an annual herb ** Winter savory ( Satureja montana ), a perennial herb * Umami, a type of taste also known as savory… …   Wikipedia

  • savory — savory1 [sā′vər ē] adj. savorier, savoriest [ME savouri < OFr savouré, pp. of savourer, to taste < savour, SAVOR] 1. pleasing to the taste or smell; appetizing 2. pleasant, agreeable, attractive, etc. 3. morally acceptable; respectable 4 …   English World dictionary

  • savory — savory1 savorily, adv. savoriness, n. /say veuh ree/, adj., savorier, savoriest, n., pl. savories. adj. 1. pleasant or agreeable in taste or smell: a savory aroma. 2. piquant: a savory jelly. 3 …   Universalium

  • genus Satureia — noun savory • Syn: ↑Satureja, ↑genus Satureja, ↑Satureia • Hypernyms: ↑asterid dicot genus • Member Holonyms: ↑Labiatae, ↑family Labiatae, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • genus Satureja — noun savory • Syn: ↑Satureja, ↑Satureia, ↑genus Satureia • Hypernyms: ↑asterid dicot genus • Member Holonyms: ↑Labiatae, ↑family Labiatae, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • savory — 1. adjective a) Tasty, attractive to the palate. The fine restaurant presented an array of savory dishes; each was delicious. b) Salty or Non Sweet the mushrooms, meat, bread, rice, peanuts and potatoes were all good savory foods. 2. noun a) …   Wiktionary

  • savory — I sa•vor•y [[t]ˈseɪ və ri[/t]] adj. vor•i•er, vor•i•est, 1) pleasant or agreeable in taste or smell 2) piquant 3) pleasing, attractive, or agreeable 4) coo Chiefly Brit. a spicy or aromatic dish served as an appetizer or dessert Also, esp. brit …   From formal English to slang

  • savory — I. /ˈseɪvəri / (say sayvuhree) noun (plural savories) any of the aromatic plants constituting the genus Satureja, especially S. hortensis (summer savory), a European herb used in cookery, or S. montana (winter savory). {Middle English saverey,… …   Australian English dictionary

  • genus Micromeria — noun large genus of fragrant chiefly Old World herbs • Syn: ↑Micromeria • Hypernyms: ↑asterid dicot genus • Member Holonyms: ↑Labiatae, ↑family Labiatae, ↑Lamiaceae, ↑family La …   Useful english dictionary

  • savory — 1. n. (pl. ies) any herb of the genus Satureia, esp. S. hortensis and S. montana, used esp. in cookery. Etymology: ME saverey, perh. f. OE saeligtherie f. L satureia 2. US var. of SAVOURY …   Useful english dictionary


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