Seafood is any
sea animalor seaweedthat is served as food, or is suitable for eating, particularly saltwater animals, such as fishand shellfish(including mollusks and crustaceans).
By extension, in
North Americaalthough not generally in the United Kingdom, the term "seafood" is also loosely applied to similar edible animals from fresh water.
seaweeds are also seafood, and are widely eaten around the world. See .
"The harvesting of seafood" is known as
fishingand the cultivation of seafood is known as aquaculture, mariculture, or in the case of fish, fish farming.
Seafood is an important source of
proteinin many diets around the world, especially in coastal areas.
Research into population trends of various species of seafood is pointing to a global collapse of seafood species by
2048. Such a collapse would occur due to pollution and overfishing, threatening oceanic ecosystems, according to some researchers. [ [http://www.boston.com/news/nation/washington/articles/2006/11/03/world_seafood_supply_could_run_out_by_2048_researchers_warn/ World Seafood Supply Could Run Out by 2048 Researchers Warn] boston.com. Retrieved 6 February, 2007]
A major international scientific study released in November
2006in the journal " Science" found that about one-third of all fishing stocks worldwide have collapsed (with a collapse being defined as a decline to less than 10% of their maximum observed abundance), and that if current trends continue all fish stocks worldwide will collapse within fifty years. [" [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/6108414.stm 'Only 50 years left' for sea fish] ", BBC News. 2 November 2006.]
FAOState of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2004 report estimates that in 2003, of the main fish stocks or groups of resources for which assessment information is available, "approximately one-quarter were overexploited, depleted or recovering from depletion (16%, 7% and 1% respectively) and needed rebuilding." [" [http://www.fao.org/documents/show_cdr.asp?url_file=/DOCREP/007/y5600e/y5600e05.htm@ The Status of the Fishing Fleet] ," "The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture: 2004".]
Advocacy organizations such as the
National Fisheries Institute, however, disagree with such findings and assert that currently observed declines in fish population are due to natural fluctuations and that enhanced technologies will eventually alleviate whatever impact humanity is having on oceanic life. [ [http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/15532333/ Seafood Could Collapse by 2050, Experts Warn] , msnbc.com. Retrieved 22 July 2007.]
List of types of seafood
Seafood Watch, sustainable consumer guide (USA)
* Robson, A. 2006. " [http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/4441002d Shellfish view of omega-3 and sustainable fisheries] ." "Nature" 444, 1002
* [http://wikibooks.org/wiki/Cookbook Wikibooks Cookbook]
* [http://www.sustainablefishery.org/ Fish Wise]
* [http://www.onefish.org/global/index.jsp One Fish]
* [http://eng.msc.org/ Marine Stewardship Council]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
seafood — (n.) food obtained from the sea, 1836, American English, from SEA (Cf. sea) + FOOD (Cf. food) … Etymology dictionary
Seafood — [Wichtig (Rating 3200 5600)] Bsp.: • Das Moorcock serviert Meeresfrüchte … Deutsch Wörterbuch
seafood — ► NOUN ▪ shellfish and sea fish served as food … English terms dictionary
seafood — ☆ seafood [sē′fo͞od΄ ] n. 1. food prepared from or consisting of saltwater fish or shellfish 2. loosely food prepared from any fish … English World dictionary
seafood — /see foohd /, n. any fish or shellfish from the sea used for food. [1830 40, Amer.] * * * Edible aquatic animals excluding mammals, but including both freshwater and ocean creatures. Seafood includes bony and cartilaginous fishes, crustaceans,… … Universalium
Seafood — [Haixian, 2001] Film One of the first Chinese digital features, Seafood brilliantly recounts, with an arresting mixture of cynicism and humour, the shifting power relationships between a suicidal prostitute and a corrupt policeman. Seafood is the … Encyclopedia of Contemporary Chinese Culture
Seafood — Teller mit Meeresfrüchten Als Meeresfrüchte bezeichnet man in der Regel alle essbaren Meerestiere, die keine Wirbeltiere (Fische oder Wale) sind. Es handelt sich hierbei also um eine kulinarische Einteilung, nicht um eine biologische. Typische… … Deutsch Wikipedia
seafood — noun ADJECTIVE ▪ fresh ▪ local VERB + SEAFOOD ▪ eat ▪ cook ▪ serve … Collocations dictionary
seafood — With an estimated per capita consumption of fish more than twice the EU average, it is to be expected that seafood of all kinds bulks large in the Spanish diet, and this assumption is amply confirmed by a walk through a market or past local… … Encyclopedia of contemporary Spanish culture
seafood — [[t]si͟ːfuːd[/t]] seafoods N UNCOUNT: also N in pl Seafood is shellfish such as lobsters, mussels, and crabs, and sometimes other sea creatures that you can eat. ...a seafood restaurant … English dictionary