Georg Kaiser


Georg Kaiser

Friedrich Carl Georg Kaiser, called Georg Kaiser, (born November 25 1878 in Magdeburg, Germany - died June 4 1945 in Ascona, Switzerland) was a German dramatist. Although he was highly prolific and wrote in a number of different styles, he made his mark as the most successful expressionist dramatist and, along with Gerhart Hauptmann, the most frequently performed playwright in the Weimar Republic.Banham (1998).] Georg Kaiser's best known plays include "The Burghers of Calais" (1913), "From Morn to Midnight" (1912), and a trilogy, comprising "The Coral" (1917), "Gas" (1918), "Gas II" (1920).

"The Burghers of Calais" ("Die Bürger von Calais"), written in 1913, was not performed until 1917. It was Kaiser's first success. The play is very dense linguistically, with its dialogue comprising numerous emotive monologues influenced by the Telegramstil poetics of August Stramm. Like Kaiser's other works of the period, it bears the mark of Nietzsche's philosophy, calling upon the modern individual to transcend mediocrity through extraordinary actions; the expressionist 'New Man' became a commonplace of the genre.

"From Morning to Midnight", filmed by Karlheinz Martin in 1920, was written in 1912 and first performed in 1917. One of the most frequently performed works of German Expressionist theatre, its plot concerns a Cashier (played by Ernst Deutsch in Martin's film) in a small bank in W. (ostensibly Weimar) who is alerted to the power of money by the visit of a rich Italian lady. He embezzles 60,000 Marks and absconds to B. (Berlin) where he attempts to find transcendent experiences in sport, romance and religion, only to be ultimately frustrated.

Kaiser's classic expressionist plays, written just before and during the Great War, often called for man to make a decisive break with the past, rejuvenating contemporary society. He eschewed characterization, and particularly character psychology, instead making his protagonists and other characters archetypes, employing highly anti-naturalistic dialogue often comprising lengthy individual speeches.

Kaiser's drama "Side by Side" ("Nebeneinander", 1923), a 'people's play' ("Volksstück"), premiered in Berlin on the 3rd November, 1923, directed by Berthold Viertel with design by George Grosz. With this play Kaiser moved away from the expressionism of his previous works. Utilizing a more rounded characterization and more realistic curt, comic dialogue to tell a light-hearted story of an idealistic pawnbroker caught up in the hyperinflation afflicting Germany at the time (the currency stabilization came a fortnight after the play opened), the play inaugurated the 'new sobriety' ("Neue Sachlichkeit") in the drama. "Kaiser has left the cloud that used to surround him," a review in the "Weltbühne" suggested, "and landed with both feet on the earth."Quoted by Willett. See Willett (1978, 85) and Banham (1998).]

Kaiser's plays, particularly "From Morning to Midnight", were highly influential on the German dramatists operating during the 1920s, including Iwan Goll, Ernst Toller and Bertolt Brecht, who drew on Kaiser's use of revue-type scenes and parable, which was influenced by medieval and 16th century German mystery plays.

Kaiser collaborated with the composer Kurt Weill on his one-act operas "Der Protagonist" (1926) and "Der Zar lässt sich photographieren" (1928), also "Der Silbersee" (1933).

In his later years, he developed his criticism of the modern machine age that had characterised the Gas trilogy further. Imprisoned briefly in 1923 for stealing a loaf of bread during the hyper-inflationary crisis, Kaiser fled to Switzerland when the Nazis came to power in the 1930s (Kaiser went into exile in 1938), and turned to writing verse dramas on mythological themes, including Pygmalion, Amphitryon, and Bellerophon, and a pacifist drama, "The Soldier Tanaka" (1940). "The Raft of the Medusa" (1945) is a play written in verse that reverses the ethos of "The Burghers of Calais" in a more pessimistic direction; to avoid bad luck, thirteen children on a life-raft drown the youngest of them.

Works cited

* Banham, Martin, ed. 1998. "Kaiser, Georg". In "The Cambridge Guide to Theatre." Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521434378. p.585.
* Willett, John. 1978. "Art and Politics in the Weimar Period: The New Sobriety 1917-1933". New York: Da Capo Press, 1996. ISBN 0306807246.

Notes


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Georg Kaiser — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Kaiser. Georg Kaiser, de son vrai nom Friedrich Carl Georg Kaiser, est un écrivain allemand, à la fois auteur de drames et de comédies, essayiste et poète né à Magdebourg (Allemagne) en 1878 et mort à Ascona… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Georg Kaiser — Friedrich Carl Georg Kaiser (* 25. November 1878 in Magdeburg; † 4. Juni 1945 in Ascona) war ein deutscher Schriftsteller. Georg Kaiser war der erfolgreichste Dramatiker der expressionistischen Generation. Aus seinem Wirken als Autor gingen 60… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Georg Kaiser — Friedrich Carl Georg Kaiser (Magdeburgo 25 de noviembre de 1878 Ascona, 4 de junio de 1945) Literato y dramaturgo alemán, caracterizado por su vanguardismo y su crítica social. Vida Nacido en la ciudad brandemburguesa de Magdeburgo, se crio en el …   Wikipedia Español

  • Georg-Kaiser-Förderpreis — Der Georg Kaiser Förderpreis wird seit 1996 im Regelfall alle drei Jahre durch das Land Sachsen Anhalt im Wechsel mit dem Wilhelm Müller Preis und dem Friedrich Nietzsche Preis an einen Nachwuchsautor vergeben, der sich durch mindestens eine… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Friedrich Carl Georg Kaiser — (* 25. November 1878 in Magdeburg; † 4. Juni 1945 in Ascona) war ein deutscher Schriftsteller. Georg Kaiser war der erfolgreichste Dramatiker der expressionistischen Generation. Aus seinem Wirken als Autor gingen 60 Dramen hervor, von denen aber… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kaiser (Familienname) — Kaiser ist ein deutscher und niederländischer Familienname. Bedeutung des Namens Kaiser ist ein im deutschen Sprachraum verbreiteter Neck oder Übername zu mhd. keiser = Kaiser, wohl als Anspielung auf das stolze, eitle Verhalten früher… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kaiser (disambiguation) — Kaiser refers to the (mainly German) imperial title. Family names with various spellings are derived from it (as are names derived form lesser titles, eg. König, Graf, Herzog). Imperial title * Kaiser, the (mainly German) imperial title derived… …   Wikipedia

  • Kaiser (homonymie) — Kaiser Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Georg Kreisler — im Oktober 2009 bei einer Lesung in Ravensburg Georg Franz Kreisler (* 18. Juli 1922 in Wien) ist ein Musiker, Kabarettist, Komponist, Satiriker und Schriftsteller. Bekannt wurde er vor allem in den 1950er und 1960er Jahren mit se …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kaiser — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sur les autres projets Wikimedia : « Kaiser », sur le Wiktionnaire (dictionnaire universel) Kaiser est un mot allemand signifiant empereur… …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.