") is the twelfth
monthof the Jewish civil year and the sixth month of the ecclesiastical year on the Hebrew calendar. It is a summermonth of 29 days. Elul usually occurs in August– Septemberon the Gregorian calendar.
The month of Elul is a time of
repentancein preparation for the High Holy Daysof Rosh Hashanahand Yom Kippur. In Aramaic(the language spoken by Jews living at the time that the months were given names), the word “Elul” means “search.” The Talmud writes that the Hebrew word "Elul" can be expanded as an acronym for "Ani L'dodi V'dodi Li" - "I am to my Beloved and my Beloved is to me." Elul is seen as a time to search one's heart and draw close to God in preparation for the coming Day of Judgement, Rosh Hashanah, and Day of Atonement, Yom Kippur.
During the month of Elul, there are a number of special
ritualsleading up to the High Holy Days. It is customary to blow the shofarevery morning (except on Shabbat) from Rosh HodeshElul (the first day of the month) until the day before Rosh Hashanah. The blasts are meant to awaken one's spirits and inspire him to begin the soul searching which will prepare him for the High Holy Days. As part of this preparation, Elul is the time to begin the sometimes-difficult process of granting and asking for forgiveness. It is also customary to recite Psalm [http://www.mechon-mamre.org/p/pt/pt2627.htm 27] every day from Rosh Hodesh Elul through Hoshanah Rabbahon Sukkot(in Tishrei).
Aside from the blowing of the shofar, the other major ritual practice during Elul is to recite
selichot(special penitential prayers) either every morning before sunriseduring the week before the last Wednesday before Rosh Hashanah ( Ashkenazitradition) or every morning during the entire month of Elul ( Sepharditradition). Ashkenazi Jews begin the recitation of selichot with a special service between solar mid-night (not 12:00) and morning light on the first day of Selichot.
Many Jews also visit the
gravesof loved ones throughout the month in order to remember and honor those people in our past who inspire us to live more fully in the future.
Another social custom is to begin or end all letters written during the month of Elul with wishes that the recipient have a good year. The standard blessing is "K'tiva V'Hatima Tova" ("a good writing and sealing [of judgement] "), meaning that the person should be written and sealed in the
Book of Lifefor a good year. Tradition teaches that on Rosh Hashanah, each person is written down for a good or a poor year, based on their actions in the previous one, and their sincere efforts at atoning for mistakes or harm. On Yom Kippur, that fate is "sealed."
*Eylül is also the name for September in Turkish.
*In the story of
Xenogears, Elul is the name of a country, named after the Hebrew month. In the official English translation, however, it was transliterated Elru.
Elul in Jewish history
1 Elul -
Mosesascends Sinaifor 3rd 40 days (1313 BCE)
2 Elul -
3 Elul - Death of Rabbi A. I. Kook (1935)
8 Elul - Washington Responds to Newport
10 Elul -
NoahDispatches Raven (2105 BCE)
12 Elul -
13 Elul - Death of Ben Ish Chai (1909)
17 Elul -
NoahDispatches Dove (2105 BCE)
18 Elul - Death of
18 Elul - Baal Shem Tov Born (1698)
23 Elul - Dove brings Olive Leaf to
24 Elul - Death of Chafetz Chaim (1933)
25 Elul - The 1st day of Creation (3761 BCE)
25 Elul -
JerusalemWalls Rebuilt (335 BCE)
25 Elul - Death of Rabbi Elazar son of Rabbi Shimon Bar Yochai (2nd century CE)
27 Elul - Death of Belzer Rebbe (1855)
* [http://www.chabad.org/holidays/JewishNewYear/template_cdo/aid/4685/jewish/Elul.htm The month of Elul]
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См. также в других словарях:
ELUL — ELUL, the post Exilic name of the sixth month in the Jewish year. The name is Babylonian and was subsequently adopted in Hebrew, Aramaic, and Arabic. Its first occurrence in a Hebrew text is in Nehemiah 6:15. The zodiacal sign of this month is… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Elul — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda ← Av Elul (אֱלוּל) Tishrei → … Wikipedia Español
Elul — [e lo͞ol′, el′ool΄] n. [Heb elul, akin to Akkadian elul, elūlu, month name and festival of that month; ? also akin to Aram ʼ alal, he brought in] the twelfth month of the Jewish year: see the Jewish calendar in the Reference Supplement … English World dictionary
élul — ⇒ÉLUL, subst. masc. Douzième mois du calendrier juif (treizième des années embolismiques); sixième mois de l année biblique établie par référence à la sortie d Égypte (cf. Exode, 12,2) : • Venez voir l amant, fier comme un palmier dans l herbe,… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Elul — Elul, Name des 12. und letzten Monats im jüdischen Jahr (etwa Mitte August bis Mitte September). Der Elul hat 29 Tage. … Universal-Lexikon
Elul — der; <aus gleichbed. hebr. ĕlûl, eigtl. »Ernte«> zwölfter Monat im jüd. Kalender (August/September) … Das große Fremdwörterbuch
elul — èlūl m <G elúla> DEFINICIJA 1. jud. a. dvanaesti mjesec prema aktualnom židovskom kalendaru b. dvanaesti mjesec židovske godine prema računanju od postanka svijeta c. rel. zast. šesti mjesec prema računanju od izlaska židovskoga naroda iz… … Hrvatski jezični portal
Elul — E lul, n. [Heb.] The sixth month of the Jewish year, by the sacred reckoning, or the twelfth, by the civil reckoning, corresponding nearly to the month of September. [1913 Webster] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Elul — Elul, der 6. Monat des jüdischen Jahres, unserm September entsprechend … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Elul — Elul, der zwölfte Monat der Juden im bürgerlichen Jahr, entspricht unserm August und September. Die letzten Tage des E. sind für die Juden für das Neujahrs und Versöhnungsfest Vorbereitungstage, an denen beim Frühgottesdienst Selichot (Bußgebete) … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Elul — Elul, der 12. Monat im bürgerlichen, der 6. Monat im Festjahr der Juden (August bis September), hat 29 Tage … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon