Northwest China

Northwest China
Northwestern China

Northwestern China (西北, Xīběi) includes the autonomous regions of Xinjiang and Ningxia and the provinces of Shaanxi, Gansu, and Qinghai.

Administrative divisions

Name Chinese (S) pinyin Abbreviation Provincial capital Chinese pinyin List of county-level divisions
Gansu 甘肃 Gānsù 甘 gān or 陇 lǒng Lanzhou 兰州 Lánzhōu List of county-level divisions
Qinghai 青海 Qīnghǎi 青 qīng Xining 西宁 Xīníng List of county-level divisions
Shaanxi 陕西 Shǎnxī 陕 shǎn or 秦 qín Xi'an 西安 Xī'ān List of county-level divisions
Autonomous Regions
Name Chinese (S) pinyin Local name Abbreviation Provincial capital Chinese pinyin Local name List of county-level divisions
Ningxia 宁夏 Níngxià نٍ شيَا خُوِ ذُوْ ذِ جِ ثُوْ 宁 níng Yinchuan 银川 Yínchuān ىٍ ﭼُﻮًا List of county-level divisions
Xinjiang 新疆 Xīnjiāng شىنجاڭ ئۇيغۇر ئاپتونوم رايونى 新 xīn Ürümqi 烏魯木齊 Wūlǔmùqí ئۈرۈمچى شەھەرى List of county-level divisions

Outer Northwest China

Outer Northwest China highlighted next to a map of China.

Outer Northwest China (Chinese: 外西北; pinyin: Wài Xīběi) is a term used to describe the territories ceded from Qing China to Russian Empire in the Convention of Peking, Sino-Russian North West Frontier Treaty, Treaty of Saint Petersburg (1881) and other Unequal Treaties. The territories are former parts of far western Xinjiang and northern Outer Mongolia. Historically, Outer Northwest China was part of Dzungaria but was obtained by the Manchus after their defeat of the Dzungars in the 18th century.

Following the Dissolution of the Soviet Union, the territories are separated and governed by four successors of Soviet Union: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Russia.

See also

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