- Circuit judge (UK)
This article is part of the series: Courts of England and Wales Law of England and Wales
Circuit Judges are senior judges in England and Wales who sit in the Crown Court, County Courts and certain specialized sub-divisions of the High Court of Justice, such as the Technology and Construction Court.
The office of Circuit Judge was created by the Courts Act 1971 and replaced the former offices of Chairman of Quarter Sessions and borough recorder . Circuit Judges are styled His or Her Honour Judge X and are referred to as His or Her Honour. They are sometimes referred to as "purple judges" on account of their dress robes. Part-time Circuit Judges are known as Recorders but are also addressed as "Your Honour".
Circuit Judges sit below High Court Judges but above District Judges. They may be appointed to sit as Deputy High Court Judges. Some are also eligible to sit in the Criminal Division of the Court of Appeal, though they are the more senior Circuit Judges.
There were six circuits in England and Wales: the Midland, Northern, North Eastern, South Eastern, Western and Wales and Chester. On April 1, 2005, with the creation of Her Majesty's Courts Service (HMCS), the six circuits were replaced by seven regions which are now: Midlands, North West, North East, South East, London, South West and Wales.
Formerly, Circuit Judges could only be drawn from barristers of at least 10 years' standing. However, in 2004, calls for increased diversity among the judiciary were recognised and the qualification period was changed so that, as of 21 July 2008, a potential Circuit Judge must satisfy the judicial-appointment eligibility condition on a 7-year basis.
- ^ section 44 Courts Act 1971 http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1971/23/section/44/enacted
- ^ Courts Act 1971, s.16(3)(a)
- ^ "Increasing Diversity in the Judiciary". Department for Constitutional Affairs. October 2004. http://www.dca.gov.uk/consult/judiciary/diversitycp25-04.htm. Retrieved 2008-03-05. "CP 25/04"
- ^ "Explanatory Notes to Tribunals, Courts And Enforcement Act 2007". Office of Public Service Information. 2007. http://www.england-legislation.hmso.gov.uk/acts/acts2007/en/07en15-d.htm. Retrieved 2008-03-05. "paras.281-316"
- ^ Tribunals, Courts and Enforcement Act 2007, s.50/ Sch.10, Pt.1.13
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Circuit judge — may refer to: Circuit judge, a United States federal judge for the Circuit Courts in the United States Circuit judge, a judge in courts organized under the laws of some U.S. states Circuit judge (UK), a type of judge in the United Kingdom This… … Wikipedia
circuit judge — ➔ judge1 * * * circuit judge UK US noun [C] LAW ► a judge who travels to and works in the courts that are in different places within a particular area s court system: »The senior judges fill in for district and circuit judges who are ill, on… … Financial and business terms
circuit judge — n: a judge who holds office in a circuit court Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. circuit judge … Law dictionary
circuit judge — circuit ,judge noun count * a judge who visits a number of courts of law in an area regularly in order to deal with local cases … Usage of the words and phrases in modern English
circuit judge — noun : a judge who holds a circuit court * * * a judge of a circuit court. [1795 1805, Amer.] * * * circuit judge noun A judge in a county or crown court • • • Main Entry: ↑circuit * * * circuit judge UK US noun [countable] [ … Useful english dictionary
circuit judge — UK / US noun [countable] Word forms circuit judge : singular circuit judge plural circuit judges legal a judge who visits a number of courts of law in an area regularly in order to deal with local cases … English dictionary
circuit judge — cir′cuit judge′ n. law a judge of a circuit court • Etymology: 1795–1805, amer … From formal English to slang
circuit judge — noun Date: 1801 a judge who holds a circuit court … New Collegiate Dictionary
circuit judge — a judge of a circuit court. [1795 1805, Amer.] * * * … Universalium
circuit judge — /ˈsɜkət dʒʌdʒ/ (say serkuht juj) noun a judge who travels from one town to another along a predetermined route, holding a court in each centre visited … Australian English dictionary