Robert the Magnificent


Robert the Magnificent

Infobox_succession_combo
subject_name = Robert "The Magnificent",
Duke of Normandy



image_caption = Robert the Magnificent as part of the Six Dukes of Normandy statue in the town square of Falaise.
date_of_birth = (June 22,1000)
place_of_birth = Normandy, France
date_of_death = 3 July 1035 (aged 35)| place_of_death = Nicaea
office = Duke of Normandy
years = 1028-1035
preceded = Richard III
succeeded = William the Conqueror (William II)

Robert the Magnificent [His nickname refers to his love of finery.] (June 22, 10003 July 1035), also called Robert the Devil or Robert I, was the Duke of Normandy from 1027 until his death. He was the son of Richard II of Normandy and Judith, daughter of Conan I of Rennes. He was the father of William the Conqueror.

When his father died, his elder brother Richard succeeded, whilst he became Count of Hiémois. When Richard died a year later, there were great suspicions that Robert had Richard murdered, hence his other nickname, "Robert le diable" ("the devil"). He is sometimes identified with the legendary Robert the Devil.

Robert aided King Henry I of France against Henry's rebellious brother and mother, and for his help he was given the territory of the Vexin. He also intervened in the affairs of Flanders, supported Edward the Confessor, who was then in exile at Robert's court, and sponsored monastic reform in Normandy.

By his mistress, Herleva of Falaise, he was father of two children:

#the future William I of England (1028-1087)
#Adelaide of Normandy (1030-c. 1083), who was married three times:
## Enguerrand II, Count of Ponthieu
## Lambert II, Count of Lens
## Odo II of Champagne

After making his illegitimate son William his heir, he set out on pilgrimage to Jerusalem. According to the "Gesta Normannorum Ducum" he travelled by way of Constantinople, reached Jerusalem, and died on the return journey at Nicaea on 2 July 1035. Some sources attribute his death to poison and date it to 1 or 3 July. His son William, aged about eight, succeeded him.

According to the historian William of Malmesbury, around 1086 William sent a mission to Constantinople and Nicaea, charging it with bringing his father's body back to be buried in Normandy. Permission was granted, but, having travelled as far as Apulia (Italy) on the return journey, the envoys learned that William himself had meanwhile died. They then decided to re-inter Robert's body in Italy.

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