Precise Tone Plan


Precise Tone Plan

The Precise Tone Plan specification for the North American network defines the Call-progress tones used for standard signaling in the PSTN. The tones are as follows:

* dial tone is a continuous tone having frequencies of 350 and 440 Hz at a level of −13 dBm

* ringback tone is defined as comprising frequencies of 440 and 480 Hz at a level of −19 dBm and a cadence of 2 seconds ON and 4 seconds OFF

* busy tone is defined as having frequency components of 480 and 620 Hz at a level of −24 dBm and a cadence of half a second ON and half a second OFF

* reorder tone, also called "fast busy" tone, contains the same frequency components as busy tone at a similar level but with a cadence of 0.25 of a second ON and 0.25 of a second OFF

Prior to the Precise Tone Plan, devices used other frequencies and levels. Such tones generated by older telephone exchange equipment did not follow the Precise Tone Plan and were either formed as dual frequency tones or equivalently as ring modulated signals where a higher frequency is modulated by a lower frequency.


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