- Convention (meeting)
A convention, in the sense of a meeting, is a gathering of individuals who meet at an arranged place and time in order to discuss or engage in some common interest. The most common conventions are based upon industry, profession, and fandom. Trade conventions typically focus on a particular industry or industry segment, and feature keynote speakers, vendor displays, and other information and activities of interest to the event organizers and attendees. Professional conventions focus on issues of concern to the profession and advancements in the profession. Such conventions are generally organized by societies dedicated to promotion of the topic of interest. Fan conventions usually feature displays, shows, and sales based on pop culture and guest celebrities. Science fiction conventions traditionally partake of the nature of both professional conventions and fan conventions, with the balance varying from one to another. Conventions also exist for various hobbies, such as gaming or model railroads.
Conventions are often planned and coordinated, often in exacting detail, by professional meeting and convention planners, either by staff of the convention's hosting company or by outside specialists. Most large cities will have a convention center dedicated to hosting such events. The term MICE - meetings Incentives Conventions and Exhibitions - is widely used in Asia as a description of the industry. The Convention ("C") is one of the most dynamic elements in the M.I.C.E. segment. The industry is generally regulated under the tourism sector.
In the technical sense, a convention is a meeting of delegates or representatives. The 1947 Newfoundland National Convention is a classic example of a state-sponsored political convention. More often, organizations made up of smaller units, chapters, or lodges, such as labor unions, honorary societies, and fraternities and sororities, meet as a whole in convention by sending delegates of the units to deliberate on the organization's common issues. This also applies to a political convention, though in modern times the common issues are limited to selecting a party candidate or party chairman. In this technical sense, a congress, when it consists of representatives, is a convention. The British House of Commons is a convention, as are most other houses of a modern representative legislature. The National Convention or just "Convention" in France comprised the constitutional and legislative assembly which sat from September 20, 1792 to October 26, 1795. The governing bodies of religious groups may also be called conventions, such as the General Convention of the Episcopal Church USA and the Southern Baptist Convention.
Many sovereign states have provisions for conventions besides their permanent legislature. The Constitution of the United States of America has a provision for the calling of a constitutional convention, whereby delegates of the states are summoned to a special meeting to amend or draft the constitution. This process has never occurred, save for the original drafting of the constitution, although it almost happened in several cases. The US Constitution also has provisions for constitutional amendments to be approved by state conventions of the people. This occurred to ratify the original constitution and to adopt the twenty-first amendment, which ended prohibition.
When two or more conventions are held at the same place and time they are co-located. Co-located conventions are usually in related industries.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Convention — may refer to: Treaty, an agreement in international law Convention (meeting), a large gathering of people who share a common interest Political convention, a formal gathering of people for political purposes Fan convention, a gathering of fans of … Wikipedia
Convention on Psychotropic Substances — The Convention allows only medical and scientific uses of Schedule I drugs. Signed February 21, 1971 Location Vienna Effective August 16, 1976 Condition 4 … Wikipedia
Convention on Cluster Munitions — Signatories to the Convention (blue) and States Parties (purple) Type Disarmament Drafted 19–30 May 2008 in Dublin Signed 3 December 2008 Location Oslo Effe … Wikipedia
Meeting Professionals International — (MPI) is a professional community for the global meetings industry. Founded in 1972, the Dallas based non profit association has 68 chapters and clubs, over 24,000 members from 69 chapters in 20 countries around the world. It organizes four… … Wikipedia
convention — con·ven·tion n 1: an agreement between nations for regulation of matters affecting all of them 2: an agreement enforceable in law: contract 3: an assembly of persons met for a common purpose; esp: a meeting of the delegates of a political party… … Law dictionary
Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities — states parties … Wikipedia
convention — con‧ven‧tion [kənˈvenʆn] noun 1. [countable, uncountable] behaviour and attitudes that most people in a society believe to be normal and right 2. [countable] a formal agreement, especially between countries, about rules for an activity such as… … Financial and business terms
Meeting — Meet ing (m[=e]t [i^]ng), n. 1. A coming together; an assembling; as, the meeting of Congress. [1913 Webster] 2. A junction, crossing, or union; as, the meeting of the roads or of two rivers. [1913 Webster] 3. A congregation; a collection of… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons — Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons which may be deemed to be Excessively Injurious or to have Indiscriminate Effects Drafted September 10–28, 1979 and Sep 15–Oct 10, 1980 Signed April 10, 1981… … Wikipedia
meeting — I (conference) noun assembly, caucus, colloquy, conclave, concursus, congressio, consistory, consultation, convention, conventus, convocation, discussion, encounter, exchange of views, forum, gathering, interchange of views, negotiation, open… … Law dictionary