Paleo-Arctic Tradition


Paleo-Arctic Tradition

The Paleo-Arctic Tradition is the name given by archaeologists to the cultural tradition of the earliest well-documented human occupants of the North American Arctic, which date from the period 8000–5000 BC. The tradition covers Alaska and expands far into the east, west, and the Southwest Yukon Territory.

Around 8000 BC, Alaska was still connected to Siberia with the landbridge, located in the current Bering Strait. People who inhabited this region in Alaska were of the Diuktai tradition, originally located in Siberia. Eventually, the Diuktai changed into the Sumnagin culture, a hunting/fishing group, whose culture was defined by possessing a new technology. Other cultures flourished as well, all being placed under the general category of the Paleo-Arctic tradition.

:"The Paleo-Arctic tradition is still a shadowy entity, a patchwork of local Early Holocene cultural traditions that flourished over an enormous area of extreme northwestern North America for at least 4000 years, and longer in many places. Other terms such as the Northwest Microblade tradition, Denali Complex, and Beringian tradition have been used to describe these same general adaptations, but Paleo-Arctic is the most appropriate because it is the kind of general label that reflects a great variety of different human adaptations during a period of increasing environmental diversity and change" (Fagan, p.173).

The Paleo-Arctic is mostly known for it lithic remains or stone technology. Some artifacts found include microblades, small wedge-shaped cores, some leafeshaped bifaces, scrapers, and graving tools. The microblades were used as hunting weapons and were mounted in wood, antler, or bone points. Paleo-Arctic stone specialists also created bifaces that were used as tools and as cores for the production of large artifact blanks. Little evidence remains of the culture's settlement patterns, because many of the settlements were buried by the rising sea levels of the Holocene; however, remains of stone tools were discovered, giving indirect evidence of settlement sites.

Some Paleo-Arctic sites include Gallagher Flint Station, the Ground Bay site, the Anangula site, the Kagati site and the Ugashik Narrow site.

References

* Fagan, Brian M. "Ancient North America." London: Thames & Hudson Ltd., 2005.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • arctic — arctically, adv. /ahrk tik/ or, esp. for 7, /ahr tik/, adj. 1. (often cap.) of, pertaining to, or located at or near the North Pole: the arctic region. 2. coming from the North Pole or the arctic region: an arctic wind. 3. characteristic of the… …   Universalium

  • Arctic — For the ships, see MV Arctic, SS Arctic, USS Arctic. For other uses, see Arctic (disambiguation) Location of the Arctic …   Wikipedia

  • Paleo-Siberian languages — ▪ linguistics Introduction Paleo Siberian also spelled  Paleosiberian , also called  Paleo Asiatic languages  or  Hyperborean languages        languages spoken in Asian Russia (Siberia) that belong to four genetically unrelated groups Yeniseian… …   Universalium

  • Norton tradition — The Norton tradition is an archaeological culture that developed in the Western Arctic along the Alaskan shore of the Bering Strait around 1000 BCE and lasted through about 800 CE. The Norton people used flake stone tools like their predecessors …   Wikipedia

  • Hopewell tradition — Hopewell Interaction Area and local expressions of the Hopewell tradition The Hopewell tradition (also incorrectly called the Hopewell culture [citation needed]) is the term used to describe common aspects of the Nativ …   Wikipedia

  • Dalton Tradition — Examples of fluted and unfluted Dalton points. The Dalton Tradition is a Late Paleo Indian and Early Archaic projectile point tradition. These points appeared in most of Southeast North America around 8500 7900 BC. They are distinctive artifacts …   Wikipedia

  • Oshara Tradition — Oshara (Northern) Tradition (c.5500 BC to c. AD 600) was a Southwestern Archaic Tradition centered in north central New Mexico, the San Juan Basin, the Rio Grande Valley, southern Colorado, and southeastern Utah. The Oshara may have ancestral… …   Wikipedia

  • Cochise Tradition — The Cochise Tradition (also Cochise Culture) refers to the southern archeological tradition of the four Southwestern Archaic Traditions, in the present day Southwestern United States. The Cochise Tradition (? before 5000 to c. 200 BC) lasted for… …   Wikipedia

  • Chihuahua tradition — The Chihuahua (Southeastern) tradition (?6000 BC to c. AD 250) as a culture of south central New Mexico and Chihuahua is still poorly defined. It probably includes several local adaptations that evolved over long periods of time. Irwin Williams… …   Wikipedia

  • Origins of Paleoindians — See also: Models of migration to the New World Paleoindians refers to the ancestral peoples of modern Indigenous peoples of the Americas. They are thought to have populated North America and South America around the end of the last ice age. Their …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.