- First Council of Lyon
Ecumenical council|council_name=First Council of Lyon
Fourth Council of the Lateran
Second Council of Lyon
Pope Innocent IV
Pope Innocent IV
topics=Emperor Frederick II, clerical discipline,
Crusades, Great Schism
documents=thirty-eight constitutions, deposition of Frederick,
Seventh Crusade, red hat for cardinals, levy for the Holy LandThe First Council of Lyon (Lyons I) was the Thirteenth Ecumenical Council, as numbered by the Roman Catholic Church, taking place in 1245.
The First General Council of Lyon was presided over by
Innocent IV. Innocent IV, threatened by Holy Roman EmperorFrederick II, arrived at Lyon December 2, 1244, and early in 1245summoned the bishops and princes to the council. The chronicle of the Benedictine monastery of St. Peter at Erfurt states that two hundred and fifty prelates responded; the Latin Patriarchs of Constantinople, Antioch, and Aquileia(Venice), 140 bishops, the Latin emperor Baldwin II of Constantinople, Louis IX of France, Raymond VII, Count of Toulouse, and Raymond Bérenger IV, Count of Provence were among those who participiated. With Rome under siege by Emperor Frederick II, the pope used the council to excommunicateand depose the emperor,Wetterau, Bruce. World history. New York: Henry Holt and company. 1994.] as well as the Portuguese King Sancho II. The council also directed a new crusade (the Seventh Crusade), under the command of Louis, against the Saracens and Mongols.
At the opening,
June 28, Innocent IV preached his famous sermon on the five wounds of the Church enumerated his personal five sorrows: (1) the bad conduct of prelates and faithful; (2) the insolence of the Saracens; (3) the Greek Schism; (4) the cruelties of the Tatars in Hungary; (5) the persecution by the Emperor Frederick, who, not unexpectedly, did not appear.
At the second session (
July 5) the bishop of Calviand a Spanish archbishop attacked the emperor's manner of life and his plots against the Church, at the third ( July 17), though Baldwin II, Raymond VII, and Berthold, Patriarch of Aquileia, interceded for Frederick, Innocent pronounced the deposition of Frederick, caused it to be signed by one hundred and fifty bishops and charged the Dominicans and Franciscans with its publication everywhere. But the pope lacked the material means to execute this decree; the Count of Savoy refused to allow an army sent by the pope against the emperor to pass through his territory, and for a time it was feared that Frederick would attack Innocent at Lyon.
The Council of Lyon took several other purely religious measures; it obliged the Cistercians to pay
tithes, approved the Rule of the Order of Grandmont, decided the institution of the octave of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin, prescribed that henceforth cardinals should wear a red hat, and lastly prepared thirty-eight constitutions which were later inserted by Boniface VIII in his Decretals, the most important of which, received with protests by the envoys of the English clergy, decreed a levy of a twentieth on every benefice for three years for the relief of the Holy Land (Constitution "Afflicti corde") and a levy for the benefit of the Latin Empire of Constantinople of half the revenue of benefices whose titulars did not reside therein for at least six months of the year (Constitution "Arduis mens occupata negotiis").
Second Council of Lyonwas convened in 1274.
* [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/09476b.htm Catholic Encyclopedia: Lyon, First Council]
* [http://www.legionofmarytidewater.com/faith/ECUM13.HTM First Council of Lyon]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
First Council of Nicaea — Date 325 AD Accepted by Anglicans Assyrian Church of the East Calvinists Eastern Orthodox Lutherans Old Catholics Oriental Orthodox Roman Catholics Previous council None Next coun … Wikipedia
First Council of Constantinople — For the church council of Constantinople in 359, see First Council of Constantinople (360). 9th century Byzantine manuscript illumination of I Constantinople Homilies of Gregory Nazianzus, 879 882 … Wikipedia
First Council of Ephesus — This article covers the Ecumenical council of 431. For other councils by this name, see Council of Ephesus. First Council of Ephesus Date 431 Accepted by Roman Catholics, Old Catholics, Eastern Orthodox, Anglicans, Oriental Orthodox, Lutherans… … Wikipedia
Council of Lyon — The Council of Lyon refers to either the 13th or 14th ecumenical councils of the Roman Catholic Church, both held in Lyon, France during the 13th century: First Council of Lyon (1245; Pope Innocent IV; regarding the Crusades) Second Council of… … Wikipedia
First Council of Lyons — First Council of Lyons (1245) † Catholic Encyclopedia ► First Council of Lyons (1245) Innocent IV, threatened by Emperor Frederick II, arrived at Lyons 2 December, 1244, and early in 1245 summoned the bishops and princes to the… … Catholic encyclopedia
Second Council of Lyon — The First Council of Lyon, the Thirteenth Ecumenical Council, took place in 1245. Ecumenical council|council name=Second Council of Lyon council date=1274 accepted by=Roman Catholicism previous=First Council of Lyon next=Council of Vienne… … Wikipedia
Ecumenical Council of Lyon — can refer to two councils held in the Primacy of Lyon: *the First Ecumenical Council of Lyon in 1245, being the Thirteenth Ecumenical Council *the Second Ecumenical Council of Lyon in 1274 … Wikipedia
Council of Chalcedon — Date 451 A.D. Accepted by Roman Catholics, Old Catholics, Eastern Orthodox, Anglicans, Lutherans Previous council First Council of Ephesus Next council Second Council of Constantinople … Wikipedia
Council of Vienne — Date 1311 1312 Accepted by Roman Catholicism Previous council Second Council of Lyons Next council Council of Constance Convoked by Pope … Wikipedia
Council of Jerusalem — This article is about the first century Council of Jerusalem in Early Christianity. For other uses, see Jerusalem Council. James the Just, whose judgment was adopted in the Apostolic Decree of Acts 15:19 29, c. 50 AD: ...we should write to them … Wikipedia