Co-operative Retail Services


Co-operative Retail Services
CRS re-introduced the word "co-operative" to its branding in the 1990s

Co-operative Retail Services Limited (CRS, originally CWS Retail) was the second-largest consumer co-operative society in the UK. In 2000, it was dissolved by its members, merging with the larger Co-operative Wholesale Society, to form the Co-operative Group (CWS) Ltd.

Contents

History

In 1933, CWS formed a retail division tasked with taking over failing retail consumer co-operatives, and setting up shop in new areas. This division was demerged to form Co-operative Retail Services during 1957.[1] The demerger was prompted by complications with CWS's democratic governance: it was becoming a larger retailer in its own right but it was a secondary co-operative, owned by other co-operatives, meaning the retail division's customers had little representation on the board.

However elections were still held with rival political groups standing, such as the 1960 Committee which attempted to give a more left-wing leadership to the London Region of CRS.

During the mid 1990s, CRS began an ambitious investment programme. The society saw the CWS-led Co-op brand as old and out-dated and began a huge refurbishment programme of its ageing and neglected stores under a new 'Co-operative' identity. Slow to adopt the commonplace EPoS systems for its tills, and still pricing products individually rather than using barcode scanners, it also invested in information technology.

In 2000, these changes and improvements were overtaken by events, as CRS was merged back into CWS to form The Co-operative Group. Over the following few years, the re-branding efforts were temporarily reversed as stores and own brand goods were converted into CWS-designed formats – which included the 1993 version of the 1967 CWS four leaf clover "Co-op" logo. However, in 2007, the movement's re-branding programme reintroduced the name Co-operative to these stores.

Trading operations

Food

The largest proportion of the business (93% of all sales) was devoted to food retailing in over 500 stores. The society had a wide range of stores including superstores (15,000sq ft+), medium-sized supermarkets (5,000-15,000 sq ft) and small convenience stores (<5,000 sq ft). At the end of the 1990s, superstores and supermarkets were branded 'Co-operative Pioneer' (a nod to the movement's heritage of the Rochdale Pioneers) while most smaller convenience stores would carry the 'Co-operative Local' brand. Previously, CRS had used a variety of brands, including Leo's and Stop & Shop.

Food buying group

In the 1990s, CRS led a grocery buying group, the Consortium of Independent Co-operatives (CIC) which was independent of the CWS-led Co-operative Retail Trading Group (CRTG). Several of the larger regional co-operatives of the time were members: Portsea, Scotmid, United, and Yorkshire. In 1998, the CIC supplied £1 billion of goods annually, and the CRTG £2.5 billion. The collapse of CIC, in 1998, coincided with the retirement of CRS chief executive Harry Moore, who had opposed proposals to merge CRS with the CWS.[2]

Non-food

The society operated department stores based in town and city centres. Most of these stores carried the 'Co-operative Living' brand. Department stores were located in: Bangor, Barnsley, Barnstaple, Basildon, Bath, Birkenhead, Blackwood, Boscombe, Bridgend, Burnley, Bury St. Edmunds, Cambridge, Cardiff, Chippenham, Colwyn Bay, Crawley, Doncaster, Halifax, Hammersmith, Hemel Hempstead, Hereford, Herne Bay, Huddersfield, Leeds, Leigh, Letchworth, Llandudno, Llanelli, Merthyr Tydfil, Nelson, Newmarket, Pembroke Dock, Pontefract, Reading, Romford, Scunthorpe, St Austell, Stevenage, Stratford, Swansea, Taunton, Trowbridge, Wells, Weston-super-Mare, Weymouth, Worcester, Wrexham, Yeovil.

Larger, out-of-town stores carrying a larger range of lines - but no clothing or cosmetics - carried the 'Co-operative HomeWorld' brand. These stores were located in: Carn Brea, Catcliffe, Coventry, Exeter, Filton, Hedge End, Talbot Green. In 1999, the society sold ten of these properties to Kingfisher, for conversion into Big W (Woolworth) and B&Q stores.[3]

Rentals & Credit Operations

In conjunction with Household and Electrical departments, the operation also ran its own credit finance facility, and rental operation. Rentals included televisions and fridges (gas and electric) .[4]

Funerals

At one point the "Co-op" buried more people than any other Funeral Director.

Car dealerships

The society operated ten car dealerships with 835 staff in the Cambridge area under the Herbert Robinson name.[5] Herbert Robinson had been a business of the former Cambridge & District Co-operative Society, that transferred engagements to CRS in 1991. In 2000, these sites were absorbed into CWS's much larger Priory Motor Group, which at the time had 18 dealerships on 12 sites.[5] Priory was broken up and sold by the Co-operative Group in 2005.

See also

References

  1. ^ Co-op Online - About the Co-op - UK Co-op Milestones
  2. ^ Nigel Cope (17 Sep 1998). "Collapse of buying group adds to pressure for Co-op merger". The Independent. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/business/collapse-of-buying-group-adds-to-pressure-for-coop-merger-1198691.html. Retrieved 4 Dec 2009. 
  3. ^ "UK Activity Report: Kingfisher". via ukbusinesspark. 1999-04-27. http://www.ukbusinesspark.co.uk/kir02715.htm. Retrieved 2008-07-27. "Kingfisher has bought 10 Homeworld stores from Co-operative Retail Services for £80m, and plans to convert four into the Big W general merchandise format and two into B&Q Warehouses" 
  4. ^ Co-op Online - About the Co-op - UK Co-op Milestones
  5. ^ a b "ROBINSON AND PRIORY MERGE". Motor Trader. 2000-05-29. http://www.motortrader.com/19544/ROBINSON-AND-PRIORY-MERGE.ehtml. Retrieved 2008-08-22. 

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Co-operative Legal Services — Not to be confused with Co operative Financial Services. Co operative Legal Services Limited Type Business of a consumer co operative Founded 2006 ( …   Wikipedia

  • Co-operative Retail Trading Group — The Co operative Retail Trading Group (or CRTG) is the central buying group for co operative retail societies in the United Kingdom. It was established in 1993, and says that it supplies 100% of food bought for sale by co operatives in the UK,… …   Wikipedia

  • The Co-operative Group — Co operative Group Ltd. Type Consumer cooperative Founded 1863 (1863) Headquarters …   Wikipedia

  • The Co-operative Farms — Type Business of a consumer co operative Industry Wholesale Products Farmer …   Wikipedia

  • Co-operative Commission — File:CoopAdvantage.gif Cover of the final report of the Co operative Commission The Co operative Commission was an independent commission set up by Tony Blair at the request of leaders of the British co operative movement. Its aim was to review… …   Wikipedia

  • The Co-operative Group — Rechtsform Genossenschaft Sitz Manchester, England Leitung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • British co-operative movement — The United Kingdom is home to a widespread and diverse co operative movement, with over 3 million individual members. Modern co operation started with the Rochdale Pioneers shop in the northern English town of Rochdale in 1844. Co operatives UK… …   Wikipedia

  • Anglia Regional Co-operative Society — Infobox Company company name = Anglia Regional Co operative Society Limited company company type = Consumer Co operative foundation = 1876 (Incorporated 1887) location = Westgate House, 2 Park Road, Peterborough, Cambridgeshire PE1 2TA key people …   Wikipedia

  • The Co-operative Bank — For the New Zealand bank, see The Cooperative Bank. Co operative Bank redirects here. For the general concept, see cooperative banking. The Co operative Bank plc …   Wikipedia

  • Co-operative Banking Group — Not to be confused with Co operative Legal Services. Co operative Banking Group Limited Type Business of a consumer co operative Predecessor CIS (founded 1867) …   Wikipedia