Tauranga


Tauranga

:" for the electorate see Tauranga (NZ electorate)"Infobox Settlement
name =Tauranga
official_name =
native_name =Tauranga-moana (Māori)
nickname =
settlement_type =Metropolitan Area
total_type =Territorial
motto =


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map_caption = Location of Tauranga


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subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = NZ
subdivision_type1 = Region
subdivision_name1 =Bay of Plenty
subdivision_type2 = Territorial Authority
subdivision_name2 = Tauranga City
seat_type = Electorate(s)
seat = Tauranga
Bay of Plenty
government_footnotes =
government_type =
leader_title= MP (Tauranga)
leader_name= Bob Clarkson (National)
leader_title1= MP (Bay of Plenty)
leader_name1= Tony Ryall (National)
leader_title2 =Mayor
leader_name2 =Stuart Crosby
established_title = Settled by the UK
established_date = 1838
established_title1 =
established_date1 =
area_magnitude =
unit_pref =
area_footnotes =
area_total_km2 =168
area_land_km2 =
area_water_km2 =
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population_as_of =2007 Estimatescite web|url=http://www.stats.govt.nz/products-and-services/hot-off-the-press/subnational-population-estimates/subnational-population-estimates-at-30-june07-hotp.htm?page=para004Master|title=Subnational Population Estimates: At 30 June 2007|publisher=Statistics New Zealand|accessdate=2008-07-19 Tables 2 and 3]
population_footnotes =
population_note =
population_total =108,800
population_density_km2 =648.81
population_density_sq_mi =
population_urban =114,500
population_blank2_title =
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timezone = NZST
utc_offset = +12
timezone_DST = NZDT
utc_offset_DST = +13
coor_type =
latd=37 |latm=41 |lats= |latNS=S
longd=176 |longm=10 |longs= |longEW=E
postal_code_type =
postal_code =
area_code = 07
website = [http://www.tauranga.govt.nz/ http://www.tauranga.govt.nz/]
footnotes =
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Tauranga (population 114,500 2007 estimate) is the largest city of the Bay of Plenty region of the North Island of New Zealand. Tauranga is convert|205|km|mi|0|abbr=on south-east of Auckland, convert|105|km|mi|0|abbr=on east of Hamilton and convert|85|km|mi|0|abbr=on north of Rotorua,

The "City of Tauranga" was reproclaimed in 2004, [cite web|url=http://www.tauranga.govt.nz/view-faq/tabid/1015/qid/245/tctl/2174_ViewQuestion/Default.aspx|title=When did Tauranga District Council officially change its name to Tauranga City Council?|publisher=Tauranga City Council] after status was lost after 1989 Local Body reforms. The City of Tauranga includes the major suburbs/areas of Tauranga City's Central Business District, The Avenues, Matua, Tauriko(being built), Otumoetai, Bethlehem, Greerton, Ohauiti, Maungatapu and Welcome Bay, as well as the city's northern coastal strip of Mount Maunganui, Omanu, Arataki, Bayfair and Papamoa.

Major growth is occurring in this city (the fastest growing in New Zealand), with Papamoa expected to be a small city in itself by 2020, with a population the size of Nelson. "(According to SmartGrowth, from Census growth figures and Statistics NZ)."

Location

Tauranga is located around a large harbour which extends along the western Bay of Plenty, and is protected by Matakana Island and the extinct volcano of Mauao.

The name Tauranga comes from Māori, it roughly translates to "a sheltered anchorage".

Due to its sheltered position on the east coast, Tauranga enjoys a warm, dry climate. This has made it a popular location to retire to. During the summer months the population swells as the holidaymakers descend on the city, especially along the popular white coastal surf beaches from Mount Maunganui to Papamoa.

Situated along a faultline, Tauranga & the Bay of Plenty experience infrequent seismic activity, and there are a few volcanoes around the area (mainly dormant). The most notable of these are White Island and Mauao (Mount Maunganui), nicknamed "The Mount" by many locals).

Much of the countryside surrounding Tauranga is horticultural land, used to grow a wide range of fresh produce for both domestic consumption and export. The area is particularly well known for growing tangelos (a grapefruit / tangerine cross), avocados, and kiwifruit. Recent years have seen the establishment of boutique vineyards and wineries.

The Port of Tauranga is New Zealand's largest export port, with brisk but seasonal shipping traffic. It is a regular stop off for both container ships and luxury cruise liners.

Population

It is the ninth largest New Zealand city and the centre of the 6th largest urban area, It is expected to be the 5th largest urban area within a few years surpassing Dunedin due to Tauranga having the fastest growing population in New Zealand.

Attractions

Greater Tauranga is a very popular retirement and tourism destination. It features many natural attractions and scenery.

Due to the temperate climate, outdoor activities are very popular in Tauranga, including golf, tramping (hiking), mountain biking and white water rafting. The Bay of Plenty coastline features miles of golden sandy beaches, and watersports are very popular pastimes. The most common include swimming, surfing, fishing, diving, kayaking & kitesurfing. Tourists also enjoy dolphin-watching on specially run boat trips.

The Montana Jazz Festival takes place in Tauranga every Easter, with dozens of live acts, good food and excellent wine.

History

First settlers

The earliest known settlers arrived from the Takitimu and Mataatua waka in the 12th century. It was named "Tauranga", meaning "landing place". [ [http://www.citynews.co.nz/vtours/tauranga/index.html VTours - Downtown Tauranga ] ]

Early trading

Traders in flax were active in the Bay of Plenty during the 1830s; some were transient, others married local women and settled permanently. The first permanent trader was James Farrow, who traveled to Tauranga in 1829, obtaining flax fibre for Australian merchants in exchange for muskets and gunpowder. Farrow acquired half an acre of land on 10 January 1838 at Otumoetai Pā from the chiefs Tupaea, Tangimoana and Te Omanu, the earliest authenticated land purchase in the Bay of Plenty. [http://ourcity.tauranga.govt.nz/heritage/history/traders/]

Missionaries

During the 1820s, missionaries from the Bay of Islands visited the Tauranga district to obtain supplies of potatoes, pigs and flax. In 1840, a Catholic mission station was established. Bishop Pompallier was given land within the palisades of Otumoetai Pā for a church and a presbytery. The mission station closed in 1863 due to land wars in the Waikato district.

Māori Wars

The Tauranga Campaign took place in and around Tauranga, from 21 January 1864 to 21 June 1864, during the Māori Wars. The Battle of Gate Pa is the most well-known.

Modern age

Tauranga is the fastest growing city in New Zealand. The population as of the census in 2006 was over 109,100 people, meaning that the city has tripled in size in a little over 25 years. The population increase is due mostly to retirees settling in the city, and sun and surf seekers. It is also a popular lifestyle city. Although the population has increased dramatically, the city is proportionally underrepresented in businesses other than retail which is over-saturated,Fact|date=July 2007 and the CBD reflects a city of less than half the population as that of Tauranga. This is mainly because of many outer suburb areas having shopping centres including Fraser Cove, Fashion Island and Palm Beach Plaza spreading retail dollars thin in the area as property values and rents are very high. Tauranga has earned the nickname "ten dollar Tauranga" in the past, due to low wage rates, but wages have increased and even the minimum wage is now $12 per hour. [cite web|url=http://www.teara.govt.nz/Places/BayOfPlenty/BayOfPlentyPlaces/5/en|title=Bay of Plenty places - Tauranga|work=Te Ara Encyclopedia of New Zealand|accessdate=2007-10-24]

Under the "Local Government (Tauranga City Council) Order 2003", [http://www.knowledge-basket.co.nz/regs/regs/text/2003/2003275.txt] Tauranga became (legally) a city for a second time from 1 March 2004.

Geography

Climate

Infobox Weather
metric_first=yes
single_line=yes
location =Tauranga
Jan_Hi_°C =23.9
Feb_Hi_°C =23.8
Mar_Hi_°C =22.3
Apr_Hi_°C =19.9
May_Hi_°C =17.1
Jun_Hi_°C =14.9
Jul_Hi_°C =14.3
Aug_Hi_°C =14.9
Sep_Hi_°C =16.3
Oct_Hi_°C =18
Nov_Hi_°C =20
Dec_Hi_°C =21.9
Year_Hi_°C =18.9
Jan_Lo_°C =14.5
Feb_Lo_°C =14.7
Mar_Lo_°C =13.5
Apr_Lo_°C =10.9
May_Lo_°C =7.9
Jun_Lo_°C =6
Jul_Lo_°C =5.2
Aug_Lo_°C =6.1
Sep_Lo_°C =7.8
Oct_Lo_°C =9.3
Nov_Lo_°C =11.3
Dec_Lo_°C =13.1
Year_Lo_°C =10
Jan_Precip_mm =74
Feb_Precip_mm =78
Mar_Precip_mm =128
Apr_Precip_mm =105
May_Precip_mm =91
Jun_Precip_mm =128
Jul_Precip_mm =122
Aug_Precip_mm =115
Sep_Precip_mm =104
Oct_Precip_mm =94
Nov_Precip_mm =85
Dec_Precip_mm =87
Year_Precip_mm =1198
source =NIWA Climate Datacite web
url=http://www.niwascience.co.nz/edu/resources/climate/|title=Climate Data|accessmonthday=November 2|accessyear=2007
publisher=NIWA|language=
]
accessdate =1971 – 2000

Education

Tauranga is home to the Bay of Plenty Polytechnic as well as a branch of the University of Waikato.

State secondary schools include:
*Aquinas College a co-educational state-integrated Catholic school founded in 2003 for years 7 through 13.
*Tauranga Boys' College, with over 1500 boys.
*Tauranga Girls' College, with over 1500 girls.
*Otumoetai College, with around 1900 pupils.
*Bethlehem College-A Christian educational institution for kindergarten, primary and secondary level students
*Mount Maunganui College a co-educational secondary school.

Christian educational institutions in Tauranga include Bethlehem Campus, a college for both children and adults established in 1988; [http://www.taurangasda.school.nz/ Tauranga Adventist School] ,a state integrated Christian community school catering for Year 1 to 8 students and established in 1974; and [http://www.aquinas.school.nz/ Aquinas College] , a Catholic college established in 2003.

Notable residents

*Hilda Hewlett - pioneer aviator
*Phil Rudd - drummer for AC/DC
*Richard O'Brien - author of The Rocky Horror Show (spent his formative years here)
*Les Munro - Dambusters veteran.
*Bob Clarkson - Member of Parliament and successful property developer and landlord
*Sheryl Jordan - Prominent New Zealand Teen Fiction/Fantasy author
*Tim Balme - Actor, director
*Winston Peters - Former MP for Tauranga, leader of NZ First, politician

ister cities

*flagicon|China Yantai, China
*flagicon|Japan Hitachi, Ibaraki, Japan [ [http://www.tauranga.govt.nz/water/city-waters-projects/waiari-scheme/why/tabid/674/qid/21/tctl/1447_ViewQuestion/Default.aspx Sister cities] ]

ee also

*Port of Tauranga
*Tauranga Botanica

References

External links

* [http://www.tauranga.co.nz/ www.tauranga.co.nz Your portal for everything in Tauranga, NZ... Look Further...]
* [http://www.bayofplentynz.com/ Tourism Bay Of Plenty portal site]
* [http://www.tauranga.govt.nz/ Tauranga City Council]
* [http://library.tauranga.govt.nz/ Tauranga City Libraries]
* [http://library.tauranga.govt.nz/localhistory/ Local History portal — Tauranga City Libraries]
* [http://www.bestoftauranga.com Tourist's' guide to the Western Bay]
* [http://www.bayofplentytimes.co.nz/ Local newspaper — The Bay of Plenty Times]
* [http://www.zoomin.co.nz/nz/tauranga/ Street Map of Tauranga]

Territorial Authorities of New Zealand


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  • Tauranga — /tow rahng euh/, n. a city on the N coast of North Island, in N New Zealand. 48,153. * * * ▪ New Zealand       city, district, and port, north central North Island, New Zealand. It is situated on a 2 mile (3 kilometre) neck projecting from the… …   Universalium

  • tauranga — tau̇ˈräŋgə noun ( s) Etymology: Maori New Zealand : bush sickness * * * /tow rahng euh/, n. a city on the N coast of North Island, in N New Zealand. 48,153. * * * Tauranga [Tauranga …   Useful english dictionary

  • Tauranga — Taurạnga,   Stadt auf der Ostseite der Nordinsel Neuseelands, an einer durch eine Nehrung geschützten Bucht (Tauranga Harbour), 82 800 Einwohner; Zementfabrik, Bekleidungs u. a. Industrie. Über den an der offenen See gelegenen Hafen Mount… …   Universal-Lexikon

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