List of string instruments


List of string instruments

This is a list of string instruments categorized according to the technique used to produce sound, followed by a list of string instruments grouped by country or region of origin.

Bowed instruments

* Ajaeng (Korea)
* Anzad
* Arpeggione
* Banhu (China)
* Baryton
* Bazantar (United States)
* Bowed psaltery
* Cello
**Electric cello
* Cizhonghu (China)
* Crwth
* Dahu (China)
* Đàn gáo (Vietnam)
* Diyingehu (China)
* Double bass
* Erhu (China)
* Erxian (China)
* Esraj (India)
* Fiddle (colloquial term for violin)
* Gadulka (Bulgaria)
* Gaohu (China)
* Gehu (China)
* Ghaychak (Iran)
* Goje (Mali)
* Gudok (Russia)
* Gusle
* Haegeum (Korea)
* Hardanger fiddle (Norway)
* Huluhu (China)
* Huqin (China)
* Igil (Tuva)
* Jinghu (China)
* Jouhikko (Finland)
* Kemenche (Turkey)
* Kokyu (Japan)
* Laruan (China)
* Leiqin (China)
* Lirone
* Maguhu (China)
* Masenqo (Ethiopia)
* Morin khuur (Mongolia)
* Nyckelharpa (Sweden)
* Octobass
* Psalmodikon
* Rebab
* Rebec
* Sarangi (Nepal, Pakistan and India)
* Sarinda (India)
* Saw sam sai (Thailand)
* Sihu (China)
* Tro (Cambodia)
* Trumpet marine or "tromba marina"
* Vielle
* Viol (viola da gamba)
**Lyra viol
**Violone
**Division viol
**Viola bastarda
* Viola
* Viola d'amore
* Viola pomposa
* Violin
**Electric violin
**Kit violin (Dancing master violin)
**Stroh violin
**Violin octet instruments
***Vertical viola
* Violotta
* Yaylı tanbur (Turkey)
* Yazheng (China)
* Yehu (China)
* Zhonghu (China)
* Zhuihu (China)

Plucked instruments

* Appalachian dulcimer (United States)
* Autoharp (United States)
* Bağlama (Turkey)
* Bajo sexto (Mexico)
* Balalaika (Russia)
* Bandura (Ukraine)
* Bandurria (Spain)
* Banjo (American)
* Barbat (Iran)
* Begena (Ethiopia)
* Bordonua (Puerto Rico)
* Bouzouki (Greece)
* Bugarija (Croatia)
* Buzuq (Lebanon)
* Cavaquinho (Portugal and Brazil)
* Çeng (Turkey)
* Charango (Peru and Bolivia)
* Chitarra battente (Italy)
* Chitarrone (Mexico)
* Cittern (Britain)
* Cuatro (Puerto Rico)
* Cuatro (Venezuela)
* Cümbüş (Turkey)
* Đàn bầu (Vietnam)
* Đàn nguyệt (Vietnam)
* Đàn tranh (Vietnam)
* Đàn tỳ bà (Vietnam)
* Diddley bow (United States)
* Dombra (Eastern Europe and Central Asia)
* Domra (Russia)
* Doshpuluur (Tuva)
* Dutar (Persia)
* Duxianqin (China)
* Ektara (India)
* Electric bass
**Electric upright bass
* Gayageum (Korea)
* Geomungo (Korea)
* Gottuvadhyam (India)
* Gravikord
* Guitar (Persia)
**Acoustic bass guitar
**Baritone guitar
**Bass guitar
**Cigar box guitar
**Electric guitar
**Harp guitar
**Resonator guitar (a.k.a. dobro)
**Seven-string guitar
**Tailed bridge guitar
**Tenor guitar
* Guitarrón (Mexico)
* Gusli (Russia)
* Guqin (China)
* Guzheng (China)
* Harp
** Electric harp
* Harpsichord (Europe, keyboard instrument)
* Irish bouzouki (Ireland)
* Kacapi
* Kantele (Finland)
* Kanun (Middle East, Persia)
* Kobza (Ukraine)
* Konghou (China)
* Kontigi (Nigeria)
* Kora (West Africa)
* Koto (Japan)
* Krar (Ethiopia)
* Kutiyapi (Philippines)
* Langeleik (Norway)
* Laud
* Liuqin (China)
* Lute (Europe)
**Archlute
**Theorbo
* Lyre
* Mandolin
** Mandola
** Octave mandola
** Mandocello
** Mando-banjo
* Mohan veena
* Monochord
* Musical bow
* Nyatiti (Kenya)
* Oud (Middle East, Greece)
* Pandura
* Pipa (China)
* Portuguese guitar (Portugal)
* Psaltery
* Qanún/kanun (Middle East, Persia)
* Qinqin (China)
* Ruan (China)
* Requinto
* Rote
* Rubab
* Rudra veena (India)
* Sallaneh (Iran)
* Sanxian (China)
* Saraswati veena (India)
* Šargija (Bosnia)
* Sarod (India)
* Saung (Burma)
* Saz (Turkey)
* Shamisen (Japan)
* Sitar (India, Pakistan)
* Tambura
* Tamburitza (Pannonian plain)
* Tanbur
* Tar (lute)
* Tea chest bass
* Tiple (Puerto Rico)
* Tiple (South America)
* Torban
* Tres (Cuba)
* Tricordia (Mexico)
* Ukulele (Hawaii)
* Valiha (Madagascar)
* Veena (India)
* Vichitra veena (India)
* Vihuela (Spain)
* Paul Panhuysen's string installations
* Yueqin (China)
* Zhongruan (China)
* Zhu (China)
* Zither

Struck instruments

* Berimbau (Brazil)
* Cimbalom (Hungary, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Romania)
* Chapman stick
* Chitarra battente, aka "knocking guitar" (Italy)
* Clavichord (keyboard instrument)
* Đàn tam thập lục (Vietnam)
* Hammered dulcimer
* Khim (Thailand and Cambodia)
* Piano (keyboard instrument)
* Santur/santoor (Persia, India, Pakistan, Greece)
* Warr guitar
* Yanggeum (Korea)
* Yangqin (China)
* Motogrator (Home made instrument made by the band MotogratorFact|date=September 2007

Instruments played in another way

* Aeolian harp (air movement)
* Hurdy gurdy (rotating wheel, similar in effect to a bow)
* Ellen Fullman's "Long String Instrument", rubbed, the strings vibrate in the longitudinal mode

Traditional string instruments by country

*Abyssinia (Eritrea & Ethiopia)
**Krar
* North America:
** Appalachian dulcimer
** Autoharp
** Banjo
* Benelux:
** Hommel
** Vlier
** Épinette
** Hakkebord
* Brazil:
** Cavaquinho
** Berimbau
** Brazilian viola
* Bulgaria:
** Gadulka
** Tambura
* Burundi:
** Inanga (zither) (also Burundian zither)
* China:
** Guqin (7-string zither)
** Guzheng (21-string zither)
** Huqin (family of bowed lutes)
** Erhu (2-string bowed lute)
** Gaohu (2-string bowed lute, high pitched)
** Pipa (4-string pear-shaped lute)
** Sanxian (3-string fretless lute)
** Yángqín (hammered dulcimer)
** Zhu
* Croatia:
** Tamburitza
* Estonia:
** Kannel
* Finland:
** Kannel
** Kantele
* France:
** Épinette
* Germany:
** Scheitholt
** Hackbrett
** Hammered dulcimer
* Greece:
** Bouzouki
** Lyre
* Hungary:
** Cimbalom
* Iceland:
** Langspil
* India:
** Sarod
** Sarangi
** Veena
** Saraswati veena
** Rudra veena
** Vichitra veena
** Gottuvadhyam veena
** Vichitra veena
** Mohan veena
** Mahanataka veena
** Santoor
** Esraj
** Ektara
** Tanpura
** Sarinda
* Iran:
** Sitar
** Tar (lute)
** Santur
** Kamancheh
* Italy:
** Chitarra battente ("knocking guitar")
* Japan:
** Ichigenkin
** Koto
** Shamisen
* Korea:
** Gayageum
** Geomungo
* Latvia:
** kokle
* Lithuania:
** Kanklės
* Norway:
** Langeleik
* Oceania:
** Ukulele
* Philippines:
** Fegereng (Tiruray)
** Kutiyapi (Maguindanaon)
* Puerto Rico:
** Bordonua
** Cuatro
** Tiple
* Rwanda:
** Inanga
* Russia:
** Balalaika
** Domra
** Gusli
* Slovenia:
** Drone zither
* Java:
** Sundanese Kacapi
* Sweden:
** Hummel
** Nyckelharpa
* Venezuela:
** Cuatro
* Vietnam:
** Dan Tranh
** Dan Thap Luc


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