Redmond, Washington


Redmond, Washington
City of Redmond, Washington
—  City  —
Bicycle capital of the Northwest

Seal
Nickname(s): Bicycle Capital of the Northwest
Location of Redmond within King County, and King County within Washington.
U.S. Census Map
Coordinates: 47°40′10″N 122°7′26″W / 47.66944°N 122.12389°W / 47.66944; -122.12389Coordinates: 47°40′10″N 122°7′26″W / 47.66944°N 122.12389°W / 47.66944; -122.12389
Country United States
State Washington
County King
Government
 - Mayor John Marchione
Area
 - Total 16.6 sq mi (42.9 km2)
 - Land 15.9 sq mi (41.2 km2)
 - Water 0.7 sq mi (1.7 km2)
Elevation 43 ft (13 m)
Population (2010)
 - Total 54,144
 - Density 2,848.2/sq mi (1,099.7/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC−8)
 - Summer (DST) PDT (UTC−7)
ZIP codes 98053, 98052, 98073, (98000-98099)
Area code(s) 425
FIPS code 53-57535[1]
GNIS feature ID 1533331[2]
Website http://www.redmond.gov/

Redmond is a city in King County, Washington, United States, located 16 miles (26 km) east of Seattle. The population was 54,144 at the 2010 census,[3] up from 45,256 in 2000.[4]

Redmond is best known as the home of Microsoft (for which Redmond has become a metonym) and Nintendo of America.

With an annual bike race on city streets and the state's only velodrome, Redmond is also known as "the bicycle capital of the Northwest".[5][6] However, its main form of transportation is the automobile (2000 Census). The city is predominantly suburban in character.

Redmond has a historic downtown with many individually owned businesses, adjacent to the modern downtown Redmond.[citation needed]

Due to its large population of highly paid technology workers, especially those of Microsoft, Redmond is an affluent community. Based on per capita income, Redmond ranks 20th of the 522 areas in the state of Washington to be ranked.

Contents

History

Native Americans had settled in the Redmond area 400 years ago,[citation needed] and the first European settlers arrived in the 1870s. Luke McRedmond filed a Homestead Act claim for land next to the Sammamish Slough on September 9, 1870, and the following year Warren Perrigo took up land adjacent to him. The rivers and streams had so many salmon that the settlement was initially named Salmonberg. More settlers came, and with the establishment of the first post office in 1881, the name of the community was changed to Melrose. The new name was taken from the Perrigos' successful inn, Melrose House, which upset McRedmond. After becoming postmaster, he successfully petitioned to have the name changed to Redmond in 1883.[7]

The abundant forests and fish of Redmond provided jobs for loggers and fishermen and with those jobs came demand for goods and services, bringing in merchants. The logging industry expanded significantly in 1889 when Seattle Lake Shore & Eastern Railway built a station in the center of town. The first plat for Redmond was filed on May 11, 1891, encompassing much of the area now known as downtown. After reaching the necessary population of 300, Redmond was incorporated on December 31, 1912.[7]

Redmond faced an economic downturn in the 1920s. Prohibition forced saloons to close, cutting off a large portion of the city's tax base. The forests were dwindling after heavy logging, causing lumber mills to shut down. Fortunately, the deforested land was suitable for farming. Agriculture became Redmond's primary business, keeping residents fed during the Great Depression. When the U.S. entered World War II, shipyard jobs and other wartime work came to Redmond.[citation needed]

After the war, Redmond's growth began in earnest. The city grew over thirty times larger in area through annexations between 1951 and 1967. The completion of the Evergreen Point Floating Bridge across Lake Washington in 1963 allowed Redmond to flourish as a suburb of Seattle. In 1978, the U.S. Census Bureau proclaimed Redmond the fastest growing city in the state. Many technology companies made the city their home, and the increasing population demanded more retail shops. Redmond underwent a commercial boom during the 1990s, culminating in 1997 with the opening of Redmond Town Center, a major regional shopping center on the site of a long-defunct golf course.[8] In recent years the city has been experiencing growing pains as a result of its strong growth, mostly in the areas of urban sprawl and traffic congestion. During rush hour it can take upwards of 2 hours to travel from the beginning of SR-520 at Avondale Road to Downtown Seattle, a mere 18 miles (29 km) away. These problems are being mitigated by the expansion of SR-520 and the Evergreen Point Floating Bridge, as well as the planned light rail service via East Link from Seattle to Redmond during the second phase of Sound Transit.[citation needed]

Geography

Redmond is bordered by Kirkland to the west, Bellevue to the southwest, and Sammamish to the southeast. Unincorporated King County lies to the north and east. The city's downtown lies just north of Lake Sammamish; residential areas lie north and west of the lake. The Sammamish River runs north from the lake along the west edge of the city's downtown.

Redmond is located at 47°40′10″N 122°07′26″W / 47.669414°N 122.123875°W / 47.669414; -122.123875.[9]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 16.6 square miles (43 km2), of which, 15.9 square miles (41 km2) of it is land and 0.7 square miles (1.8 km2) of it (4.05%) is water.

Climate

The average warmest month is August. The highest recorded temperature was 96°F in 1994. On average, the coolest month is January. The lowest recorded temperature was 10°F in 1990. The maximum average precipitation occurs in December.[10]

Month Avg High Avg Low Mean Avg Precip Record High Record Low
Jan 46°F 35°F 41°F 4.49 in. 64°F (2005) 18°F (1996)
Feb 50°F 36°F 43°F 3.67 in. 66°F (1992) 19°F (2006)
Mar 54°F 38°F 46°F 3.84 in. 78°F (2004) 28°F (2006)
Apr 58°F 42°F 50°F 2.84 in. 83°F (1987) 32°F (1991)
May 65°F 47°F 56°F 2.10 in. 89°F (2005) 35°F (2002)
Jun 69°F 52°F 61°F 1.68 in. 92°F (2002) 42°F (1991)
Jul 75°F 55°F 65°F 0.97 in. 104°F (2009) 48°F (2002)
Aug 76°F 57°F 66°F 0.97 in. 93°F (1990) 47°F (2000)
Sep 71°F 52°F 62°F 1.71 in. 93°F (1988) 42°F (2000)
Oct 60°F 46°F 53°F 3.32 in. 87°F (1987) 29°F (1991)
Nov 52°F 40°F 46°F 4.92 in. 66°F (1997) 20°F (2006)
Dec 46°F 35°F 41°F 5.45 in. 62°F (1993) 10°F (1990)

Surrounding cities

Government and politics

Redmond has a non-partisan mayor-council form of government, with the mayor and seven council members elected at large for staggered four-year terms. The last mayor, Rosemarie Ives, had been in office since 1992. The city council and Mayor Ives clashed over the years and, though the parties involved deny any connection, the city council authorized a ballot measure in March 2003 that would have changed Redmond to a council-manager government. However, it was rejected by the electorate, receiving less than 30% of the vote.[11]

Current mayor

John Marchione is Redmond's 10th mayor. He started his first term as mayor on January 1, 2008 after previously serving on Redmond's city council for a full 4-year term.[12]

Current City Council members

Council members are elected to four-year terms in odd years, with seats 1, 3, 5, and 7 standing last in 2007 and next in 2011, and seats 2, 4, and 6 standing in 2009 and next in 2013.[13] All council seats are at large, but officeholders hold a numbered seat and each numbered seat is elected independently. Election candidates must declare for a particular position.

  1. Hank Myers (first full term – served temporarily in 2007 in the open seat filled by Dayle "Hank" Margeson's election) of the Viewpoint neighborhood.
  2. John P. "Pat" Vaché (third non-consecutive term, Vice President of the Council) of Education Hill.
  3. Dayle "Hank" Margeson (first full term – served out the end of John Resha's term) of Education Hill.
  4. Kimberly Allen (second term) of Downtown Redmond.
  5. Richard Cole (sixth consecutive term, President of the Council) of Downtown Redmond.
  6. John Stilin (first term) of Education Hill and Viewpoint.
  7. David Carson (first term) of the Overlake neighborhood.

Current Planning Commission members

Redmond Planning Commission[14]

  • Vibhas Chandorkar of Viewpoint
  • Franz Wiechers-Gregory of Viewpoint
  • Tom Hinman of Overlake
  • Charlie McCarthy (Chair) of Viewpoint
  • Scott Biethan of Education Hill
  • Robert O'Hara of Viewpoint
  • Passion Julinsey of Viewpoint
  • Thom Youngblood of Education Hill
  • Phil Miller of Education Hill

2007 election

  • The 2007 Redmond mayoral election was held on November 6, 2007 when Redmond, Washington, United States elected John Marchione as the mayor of Redmond starting in January 2008. The incumbent mayor, Rosemarie Ives opted not to run for re-election after four terms. The two candidates, John Marchione and Jim Robinson advanced to general election. John Marchione defeated Jim Robinson 5769 (58%) to 4165 (42%) in the general election.
  • Council seats
    • Celine McKeon – position one (withdrawn)
    • Hank Myers – position one – 98.34%
    • Brian Conlin – position three – 33.05%
    • Dayle "Hank" Margeson – position three – 66.71%
    • Michallea Schuelke – position five – 32.79%
    • Richard Cole (incumbent) – position five – 66.93%
    • Brian Seitz – position seven – 48.60%
    • David Carson – position seven – 51.22%

All election results are from King County Election web site[15]

2009 election

On March 12, 2009, Nancy McCormick (Position 6) announced that she would not seek re-election after 24 years in office.[16] Results of the November 3, 2009 election are:

  • Position 2
  • John P. "Pat" Vaché (incumbent), 98.4%[17]
  • Position 4
  • Kimberly Allen, 60.8%[17]
  • Sally J. Chen, 38.9%[17]
  • Position 6
  • John Stilin, 98.5%[17]

Education

Redmond is part of the Lake Washington School District, which also encompasses Kirkland and parts of Sammamish and Woodinville. The public schools in Redmond include ten elementary schools (Alcott, Audubon, Dickinson, Einstein, Mann, Redmond, Rockwell, Rosa Parks, and Rush)[18], three junior high schools (Redmond Jr High, Evergreen Jr. High, Rose Hill Jr. High), and Redmond High School. Three private schools offer secondary education: The Overlake School (secular), The Bear Creek School (Christian – primary and secondary), and the Conservatory High School (for performing arts students).

The English Hill neighborhood in North Redmond (unincorporated King County) is served by the Northshore School District and Sunrise Elementary. The far east side of Redmond is known as Redmond Ridge. Redmond Ridge and Redmond Ridge East communities are part of the Lake Washington school district. East of 248th to West Snoqualmie Valley Road is served by the Riverview School District.

DigiPen Institute of Technology (the top college for students in the field of video game development and production animation) and the secondary campus of Lake Washington Technical College are also located in Redmond.

The city is home to Redmond Regional Library, the second-largest library in the King County Library System.[19]

Economy

Headquarters of Microsoft

A number of companies in the high-tech industry are based in Redmond. The largest employer in the city by far is Microsoft Corporation, which moved its headquarters to Redmond in 1986. Currently Microsoft has over 93,000[20] full-time workers and more than 8 million square feet (750,000 square meters) of office space in the Seattle area Eastside region, primarily in Redmond, with additional offices in Bellevue and Issaquah. Further signs of growth include:

  • In January 2006, Microsoft announced the purchase of Safeco's Redmond campus.[21] (Formerly one of Redmond's major employers, Safeco began consolidating its offices in Seattle's University District in 2005.)
  • In February 2006, Microsoft announced that it intends to expand its Microsoft Redmond campus by another 1,100,000 square feet (100,000 m2) at a cost of $1 billion and has said that this will create space for between 7,000 and 15,000 new employees over the next three years.[22]

This is very optimistic news for Redmond and the Eastside, which will gain many new residents as a direct result. This also shows that while the general technology industry slows, Redmond's economy, alongside that of Puget Sound, continues to expand rapidly[citation needed].

Microsoft's headquarters

Other companies with headquarters in Redmond include Nintendo of America, Concur Technologies, Visible.net, Wild Tangent, Solstice and Data I/O Corporation.

Unlike Bellevue and other neighboring cities, the City of Redmond does not have a Business & Occupation tax on income.[23] However, to help offset the costs of road improvements for businesses, a business license fee of $55 per employee was approved in 1996. As of 2007, the fee is $85 per employee.[24]

Parks and recreation

According to the city's website, Redmond has 23 developed public parks, totaling over a thousand acres (4 km²). Many of these are neighborhood parks with picnic tables and sports fields or courts. The largest park within the city is not owned by the city—it is King County's 560 acres (2.3 km2) Marymoor Park, one of the most popular in King County. It features a climbing rock, a model airplane flying field, a large off-leash dog park, an outdoor theater, various sports fields such as baseball and soccer, a playground, tennis courts, and a velodrome.

The city also offers over 17 miles (27 km) of developed trails for hiking, bicycling, and horseback riding. The Sammamish River Trail connects to the Puget Power trail (Redmond), the Burke-Gilman Trail (in Bothell), and the East Lake Sammamish Trail.

60 Acres Park is famous for its soccer in the spring through fall and RC electric airplanes and gliders in the winter time.

In 2004, Redmond North Little League won the Northwest region and participated in the Little League World Series in South Williamsport, PA. With Redmond North claiming the Northwest, it is the third team from Washington to claim the Northwest since its inception in 2001. Previous Washington champions were Bainbridge Island (2001), Richland (2003).

Culture

Redmond Derby Days is an annual community festival held every July. It began as a race around Lake Sammamish called the Redmond Bicycle Derby in 1939, and since then has become a multi-day event including a bicycle criterium, parade, and entertainment stages. It also includes a carnival with rides and attractions, located at Redmond Elmentary School.

Performing arts in Redmond include the Eastside Symphony and the Second Story Repertory theater company. Redmond has an extensive collection of high quality outdoor sculptures throughout its streets and parks, many of which are part of a rotating sculpture exhibition.[25]

The Old Redmond Firehouse is a center for local teens. It has become a hub in the thriving Eastside independent music scene. Local bands perform here with concert style speakers.[26]

The Concerts at Marymoor is an annual summer series of concerts held at the amphitheater in Marymoor Park. The venue has been host to artists as diverse as Norah Jones, Peter, Paul & Mary, Rob Thomas and Duran Duran. When visiting the Seattle area, Cirque du Soleil has set up in Marymoor, as well, since the 2004 tour of Varekai when a concrete base was built for them to set up on. Since then, tours of Corteo (2006) and Kooza (2010) have also played in this spot.

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1900 116
1910 450 287.9%
1920 438 −2.7%
1930 460 5.0%
1940 530 15.2%
1950 573 8.1%
1960 1,426 148.9%
1970 11,031 673.6%
1980 23,318 111.4%
1990 35,800 53.5%
2000 45,256 26.4%
2010 54,144 19.6%
source:[3][27]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 45,256 people, 19,102 households, and 11,346 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,848.8 people per square mile (1,099.7/km²). There were 20,248 housing units at an average density of 1,274.6 per square mile (492.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 79.26% White, 13.02% Asian, 1.52% African American, 0.45% Native American, 0.18% Pacific Islander, 2.46% from other races, and 3.11% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.61% of the population.

There were 19,102 households out of which 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.9% were married couples living together, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.6% were non-families. 30.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the city the population was spread out with 21.5% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 37.9% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, and 9.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 100.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $66,735, and the median income for a family was $78,430 (these figures had risen to $82,349 and $94,863 respectively as of a 2007 estimate).[28] Males had a median income of $58,112 versus $37,200 for females. The per capita income for the city was $36,233. About 3.3% of families and 5.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.3% of those under age 18 and 6.5% of those age 65 or over.

Real estate

In 2004 nearly 1,800 properties sold in the City of Redmond, and the following year home values went up nearly 18%.[citation needed]

At the end of 2005, the average home value was $474,000 while at the end of 2009 this had dropped to $424,000 a drop of 11%

Notable residents

Past residents

City landmark

The City of Redmond has designated the following landmark:

Landmark Built Listed Address Photo
Wiley House (The Stone House)[29] 1916 2007)[30] Cleveland Street
Brick House 001.jpg

References

Notes
  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b "Census 2010 Redistricting Data [P.L. 94-171 for Washington"] (Excel spreadsheet in a zip file). Washington State, Office of Financial Management, Forecasting Division. http://www.ofm.wa.gov/pop/census2010/pl/data/wa_2010_pl94171_city.zip. Retrieved 2011-03-11. 
  4. ^ "Washington by Place - GCT-T1-R. Population Estimates". Census Bureau. 2001-04-01. http://www.factfinder.census.gov/servlet/GCTTable?-ds_name=PEP_2009_EST&-mt_name=PEP_2009_EST_GCTT1R_ST9S&-geo_id=04000US53&-format=ST-9&-tree_id=809&-context=gct. Retrieved 2011-03-11. 
  5. ^ "Sports slogans". podunk.com. http://www.epodunk.com/slogans/sports.html. Retrieved January 15, 2008. 
  6. ^ "About Redmond". City of Redmond. http://www.redmond.gov/aboutredmond/aboutredmond.asp. Retrieved January 15, 2008. 
  7. ^ Ngo-Viet, Nam Son (2002). The Integration of the Suburban Shopping Center with its Surroundings: Redmond Town Center (Dissertation). Seattle: University of Washington. Archived from the original on October 26, 2009. http://www.webcitation.org/query?url=http://www.geocities.com/namsonngoviet/publication.html&date=2009-10-26+02:31:04. 
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  9. ^ http://www.weather.com/weather/wxclimatology/monthly/98052
  10. ^ "King County Election Results". King County Elections. 2003-03-21. "Special Election, March 11, 2003, City of Redmond Prop. No. 1 - Proposed Change in Plan of Government". http://your.kingcounty.gov/elections/2003March/respage1.htm. Retrieved 2011-03-11. 
  11. ^ "Mayor's Biography". City of Redmond. http://www.redmond.gov/Government/OfficeoftheMayor/MayorsBiography. Retrieved 2011-03-11. 
  12. ^ "City Council". City of Redmond. http://www.redmond.gov/Government/CityCouncil. Retrieved 2011-03-11. 
  13. ^ "Planning Commission". City of Redmond. http://www.redmond.gov/insidecityhall/boards/planning.asp. 
  14. ^ "Election results". King County Elections. November 2007. http://www.metrokc.gov/elections/200711/resPage16.htm/. 
  15. ^ http://www.pnwlocalnews.com/east_king/red/news/41111654.htm
  16. ^ a b c d http://your.kingcounty.gov/elections/200911/Respage21.aspx
  17. ^ GreatSchools. "Redmond Public and Public Charter Schools - Redmond, WA | GreatSchools." GreatSchools - Public and Private School Ratings, Reviews and Parent Community. Web. 15 Mar. 2011. <http://www.greatschools.org/washington/redmond/public-charter/schools/?gradeLevels=p&gradeLevels=e&gradeLevels=m&gradeLevels=h&st=public&st=charter&sortBy=SCHOOL_NAME_ASCENDING&sortChanged=true>.
  18. ^ King County Library System. "2010 Circulation Statistics". 2010 Year in Review: The Busiest Year Ever. p. 21. Retrieved 2011-06-21.
  19. ^ http://moneycentral.msn.com/companyreport?Symbol=US%3aMSFT
  20. ^ Todd Bishop (January 19, 2006). "Microsoft makes a deal for Safeco's Redmond campus". Seattle P-I. http://www.seattlepi.com/business/256201_msftexpands19.html. Retrieved January 15, 2008. 
  21. ^ Brier Dudley (February 9, 2006). "Microsoft speeding up plans for huge campus redevelopment". The Seattle Times. http://archives.seattletimes.nwsource.com/cgi-bin/texis.cgi/web/vortex/display?slug=webmmsftbuild09&date=20060209. Retrieved January 15, 2008. 
  22. ^ "Licensing FAQ". City of Redmond. http://www.ci.redmond.wa.us/insidecityhall/finance/buslicenses/faq.asp. 
  23. ^ Business Tax / Transportation Improvements
  24. ^ . http://www.redmond.gov/arts/exhos.asp. 
  25. ^ Roe, Amy (September 21, 2007). "Redmond's Firehouse ignited teen spirit". The Seattle Times. http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/eastsidenews/2003895156_oldfirehouse21e.html. 
  26. ^ Moffatt, Riley. Population History of Western U.S. Cities & Towns, 1850–1990. Lanham: Scarecrow, 1996, 331.
  27. ^ http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ACSSAFFFacts?_event=Search&geo_id=16000US3903464&_geoContext=01000US%7C04000US39%7C16000US3903464&_street=&_county=redmond&_cityTown=redmond&_state=04000US53&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&ActiveGeoDiv=geoSelect&_useEV=&pctxt=fph&pgsl=160&_submenuId=factsheet_1&ds_name=ACS_2007_3YR_SAFF&_ci_nbr=null&qr_name=null&reg=null%3Anull&_keyword=&_industry=
  28. ^ [1], King County Landmarks Commission. Accessed June 5, 2010.
  29. ^ [2], Redmond's Stone House First Landmark Designated by New Commission. Accessed March 30, 2011.
Bibliography

External links



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